Fasting On 15 Sha’baan – A Very beloved Fast

Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam said:

 “When it is the night of 15th Sha’baan, then stand in Ibaadah at night and fast during the day (of 15th Sha’baan).”

Without the slightest trepidation or fear, we state that Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam ordered us to fast on the 15th of Sha’baan. A study of the Ahaadeeth reveals this fact. Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam loved to be in a state of fasting whilst his actions are being raised to Allah Ta’ala. This appears in authentic Ahaadeeth (Ahmed – Tirmizi – Ibn Majah – Nasaai – Jaamiul Usool – Kanzul Ummaal – Mishkaat – Musnad Ahmed – Tahaawi).

The Fuqaha accept that A’maal are raised to Allah Ta’ala on the night of 15th Sha’baan. This is also mentioned in the Hadith kutub. Thus, it is understood that the 15th of Sha’baan is one of those days which Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam loved to fast.

Why would Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam not love to fast on 15th Sha’baan when Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam himself says that he loves to be fasting when his A’maal are presented to Allah Ta’ala?

In Mirqaat, Mulla Ali Qaari Rahimullah states:

“And what is apparent to me now is that on the night of 15th Sha’baan the A’maal of the previous year are presented just as how everything which would take place the next upcoming year are written on this night. And that is why (Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) said “Stand in Ibaadah at night and fast during the day (of 15th Sha’baan).”

(May Allah grant us the Tawfeeq to make Amal on this Mubaarak Sunnah. Aameen)

 

THE AHAADEETH ON FIFTEEN SHA’BAAN

The fact that the 15th of Sha’baan is an auspicious day including the night which precedes it, is undoubtedly unquestionable. The auspiciousness of these occasions has been taught to the Ummah since the past fourteen centuries by the illustrious Ulama and authorities of the Shariah. Thus, it is undoubtedly inappropriate to even make an attempt to dismiss the validity of practices which enjoy the Ta-aamul of our Akaabireen.

The following are the Sunnah/Masnoon practices/A’maal of Shabe Baraat:

  1. To remain awake during the night as much as possible and engage in individual ibaadat – not congregational Ibaadat.
  2. To fast during the day
  3. To visit the graveyard at night.

Whilst some Ahaadeeth may have been declared to be weak by some ‘Muhadditheen’, they are in fact very authentic with specific reference to the three A’maal mentioned above. The Ahaadeeth are backed up with the amal of the Ulama. Maaliki Fuqaha attach much emphasis on fasting the 15th of Sha’baan. It is Mustahab and the most virtuous fast of the month according to them. Some Shaafi’ Fuqaha have written that fasting on the 15th is matloob and ma-moor (desired and instructed). In the Fataawa of Shaikh Ramli, the fast of the 15th is declared to be Sunnat and the Hadeeth in this regard is judged to be qaabil-e-hujjat (worthy of proof). One view of the Hanaabilah is that the fast on the 15th is the most emphasized of Sha’baan. This is a clear proof for the Ta’aamul of the Fuqaha on the issue of fasting on the 15th Sha’baan.

Allamah Ibn Humaam explicitly states in Fathul Qadeer:

“And from amongst the factors which render a Hadeeth ‘Saheeh’ (authentic), is the amal (action) of the Ulama in conformity to the Hadeeth.”

 

AUTHENTIC – NOT FORGED

The Hadith which exhorts one to fast on 15th Sha’baan mentioned in Ibn Majah is authentic. It satisfies the principle of Talaqqi Bil Qubool as explained above. Talaqqi Bil Qubool means that the Fuqaha have accorded acceptance to this Hadith.

In order to understand these issues of Talaqqi Bil qubool and the utility of the Muhadditheen in detail, one needs to read the book Tresses of Jannah. Each Muhaddith had his own criteria for accepting or rejecting Ahaadeeth. Likewise, the experts of Ahkaam, i.e. The Fuqaha also had criteria for accepting or rejecting Ahaadeeth. How is it possible for them to be experts in Ahkaam without understanding the science of Hadeeth fully?

We do not also blindly follow what the Muhadditheen say. We do not make their Taqleed – neither in Hadeeth, nor in Fiqh. The narrator in Ibn Majah, Hazrat Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Saburah was privileged with the seat of Iftaa in Madeenah Munawwarah. Imaam Abu Dawood Rahimahullah said: “He was the Mufti of Ahle-Madinah (The people of Madinah).”

He lived in Khairul Quroon and was the judge (Qaadhi) before Imaam Abu Yusuf Rahimahullah. In the presence of Imaam Maalik and other great Fuqahaa-e-Mujtahideen of the time, it would never have been possible for him to be a Qaadhi and the accepted Mufti of Madinah if he was a fabricator (Nauthu Billah).

Similarly, it would not have been possible for Imaam Maalik to mention and propose Hazrat Ibn Abi Saburah’s name as one of three pious and recognized persons of the sacred city at the time. This was in response to the query from Mansoor, the Khalifah of the time at Madeenah Munawwarah. Imaam Maalik was asked: “In Madinah, which Mashaaikh are left?”

Imaam Maalik responded: “Ibn Abi Zi’b, Ibn Abi Saburah, and Ibn Abi Salmah Al-Maajishoon.”

The above suffices to explain how great Hazrat Abu Bakr Ibn Abi Saburah Rahmatullahi Alayh was. His truthfulness and integrity are proven by the fact that he was the Mufti of Madinah Munawwarah in the presence of Imaam Maalik. What more should we even say in order to reject what some Muhadditheen have to say about him. The criticism of the Muhadditheen has to be dismissed as baseless. It should not be difficult to understand that it is Sunnah to fast on 15th Sha’baan. The principle of Talaqqi Bil Qubool is enough for us Muqallideen who should not try to act bigger than our boots when even the Muhadditheen were unable to reach the toes of the Fuqaha!

 

IT IS BID’AH TO:

(1) Congregate for lectures in the Musaajid on this night or on any of the other auspicious nights.

(2) Believe that there are special types of Salaat for observance on this night.

(3) Install special or decorative lights in the Musjid on this occasion.

(4) Serve milk or any sweetmeats on this night.

(5) Have Yaseen Khatams and Forty Durood Functions even in the Musjid.

(6) Giving ‘Siennie’ (sweets, fruits, chocolates, ice creams, etc.) at home or after the Bid’ah lecture program at the Musjid.

(7) Giving gifts to one’s family and friends specifically on this day.

(8) Bid’ah Loud Thikr sessions.

(9) Haraam Bid’ah Mowlood/ Meelaad on this auspicious night.

(10) Bid’ah Nazm or Thikr Jalsahs and Seerah conferences.

VERY EVIL ACTS ON THIS NIGHT:

(1) Watching Television (Dajjaal’s Eye) especially ITV!

(2) Listening to Music.

(3) Chatting to ghair-mahrams on Facebook, Whatsapp, etc.

(4) Sending and Indulging in Photography.

(5) Sending messages such as Lailatul Baraat Mubaarak, etc.

(6) Indulging in fireworks, celebrations, parties, etc.

Fasting On 15 Sha’baan – A Very beloved Fast

Sha’ban; A time to prepare

The sighting of the Crescent of Sha’ban signals the good news of Ramadan’s imminent arrival. A believer grows in anticipation with the passing of each day. Days like these, are what a believer ‘lives for’.

The best month to fast, outside Ramadan

Nabi (sallallahu ’alayhi wasallam) would increase his optional (nafl) fast in this month.

Sayyidatuna ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu’anha) reports that I never saw Nabi (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) fasting in any other month as much as he did in Sha’ban.’

(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 1969 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2714).

In one narration, Sayyidah ‘Aaishah (radiyallahu’anha) states she would choose Sha’ban to complete her qada fasts for the previous Ramadan (that were missed through menses) .

(Sahih Bukhari, Hadith: 1950 and Sahih Muslim, Hadith: 2682)

In light of the above, and other Hadiths, some ‘Ulama state that Sha’ban is the best month for nafl fasts, especially if it is done with the motive of preparing for Ramadan.

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg. 248-249. Also see Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 663 Ma’arifus Sunan, vol.5 pg.274 and Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 9856 with Shaykh ‘Awwama’s footnotes.)

Caution

One should avoid fasting after the 15th of Sha’ban, so that strength may be preserved for Ramadan.

(Sunan Nasai, Hadith: 2923)

A Month for Rehearsal

In addition to it being the most virtuous month -outside Ramadan- to fast, another reason [among others] for Nabi (sallallahu’alayhi wasallam) increasing his optional fast in Sha’ban was to prepare for Ramadan as well as to respectfully welcome Ramadan

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg. 258 and Fathul Bari, Hadith: 1969)

This illustrates how Rasulullah (sallallahu ’alayhi wasallam) would spiritually prepare himself in advance for the most auspicious month of the year; Ramadan.

It is like the Sunnah Salah we offer before and after the Fard Salah. For the Fard fast of Ramadan, we are taught to offer nafl fasts before and after (viz. in Sha’ban and Shawwal)

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.249)

Similarly, the Sahabah (radiyallahu ’anhum) and Tabi’un (rahimahumullah) would also engage in what we would understand as ‘spiritual preparation’ for Ramadan.

Sayyiduna Anas (radiyallahu ’anhu) says:

‘When Sha’ban would commence, the Muslims (Sahabah and Tabi’un) would dedicate themselves to the recital of the Quran.’

Some are reported to have discharged their Zakah too, in Sha’ban.

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.258)

Hafiz Ibn Rajab Al-Hambaly (rahimahullah) writes:

‘Since Sha’ban is a prelude to Ramadan, Islam encourages certain deeds in this month, that are usually done in Ramadan. Like fasting and Quran recital. This prepares the soul to welcome Ramadan, when it arrives, with open arms.’

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.258)

Moral

These are glaring lessons on the spiritual preparation for Ramadan. It’s a month in which we can rehearse these additional nafl deeds (viz, optional fasts up to the 15th, Quran recital, Charity etc).

Another form of preparation

In addition to the above deeds and their like, there is another form of preparation that is absolutely essential.
That is to settle our disputes and cleanse the hearts from jealousy, rancour and I’ll-feelings.

People who hold onto old grudges, and do not settle their disputes, nor cleanse their hearts are usually deprived on Allah’s mercy, even on blessed occasions.

Therefore it is imperative for a believer, as part of his preparation for Ramadan, to sort out such issues ahead of time.

15th Shaban

The beginning of Sha’ban is a time for us to reset our minds hearts and routines for Ramadan.

Barely two weeks into the month, will bring the occasion of the fifteenth night of Sha’ban. This night is labelled as the second most auspicious night of the year, by some Scholars.

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg. 264)

Allah Ta’ala, through His wisdom granted the Ummah this auspicious night as a prelude to Ramadan.

On that night too, those who harbour ill-feelings are deprived of Allah’s Mercy and Forgiveness.

Now is the time

The best time for change, is now! Never delay in making a reformed decision.

Therefore, one should understand that today is an ideal time to reflect on the above and to make efforts to implement them too. Let’s increase our nafl ‘ibadah from today, so that when Ramadan does arrive, we are well rehearsed and ready to maximise our benefit therefrom.

May Allah Ta’ala guide and inspire us all. Amin.

Sha’ban; A time to prepare

Sha’ban in LOCKDOWN

Sha’ban in LOCKDOWN
Posted by: Shaikh (Dr) Haitham Al-Haddad
All praises are to Allāh, the Most Kind and the Most Merciful, and may His peace and blessings be upon the Prophet Muhammad (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam).

As most of us are staying at home due to the coronavirus outbreak, I would like to remind you about something very important that we might have forgotten about due to us following what is happening with regards to the pandemic. The month of Sha’bān started this Thursday. Some say that it might have started on Wednesday, but it would have definitely started by Thursday 26th March.

The month of Sha’bān is one of the most important months for our ‘Ibādah.

Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, one of the great scholars, said:

“The month of Sha’bān is a preparation for the month of Ramadān.”

This is why many scholars from the past would call it the month of the Qur’ān and the month of the reciters, because they would recite a lot of Qur’ān during the month of Sha’bān in order to be ready to read more Qur’ān during the month of Ramadān.

One of the early scholars would stop working during this month in order to read a lot of Qur’ān as a preparation for the month of Sha’bān.

Of course, everyone should do as much as they can. Umm Salama narrated that she never saw the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) fasting two consecutive months except Sha’bān and Ramadān.

Some scholars said that this does not mean that he would fast the entire month of Sha’bān as he used to fast the entire month of Ramadān, because of the other narration of Aisha (raḍiy Allāhu ʿanhā) where she said that the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) would fast the entire month of Ramadān or most of the entire month of Sha’bān or most of the month of Sha’bān.

So, from these narrations, there are two interpretations: either the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) would fast all of the month or most of it. Both expressions can be used interchangeably.

The key issue is to fast as much as you can during the month of Sha’bān. If you can fast all of it, then that is even better.

Usama ibn Zayd, who served the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) and was very close to him, asked the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam):

“O Muhammad, I notice that you fast during the month of Sha’bān more than you fast in any other month?”

So the Prophet (sall Allāhu ʿalayhi wa sallam) said:

“Yes, this is a month that many people ignore or are neglectful of. In this month, deeds are raised to Allāh, and I would like my deeds to be raised to Allāh while I am fasting.”

So, my dear respected brothers and sisters, while you are staying at home, try to fast as much as you can in this month. Train your family to fast as much as they can and to read Qur’ān as much as possible.

This is a very good preparation for Ramadān. Take this staying at home as an opportunity to get closer to Allāh and always transform difficulties into opportunities. This is the mentality of the successful people – and we are successful people.

May Allāh remove this calamity before the coming month of Ramadān.

The difference between Sha’bān 1440 and Sha’bān 1441 is that a whole year of your life has passed. A whole year of more than 350 days of actions recorded. The actions of the days are recorded, not neglecting any hour, nor second of each day. Ibrāhīm al-Nakh’ī used to cry to his wife every Thursday, and she used to cry too and he used to say, “Today our actions will be put forth in front of Allāh”. So how about the actions of the whole year?

Sit down and try to reflect on what you did in the past year and try to remember the actions that will be put forth in front of Allāh.

Source: http://www.islam21c.com

At The Approach of Rajab & Sha’ban

With the sighting of the crescent of Rajab, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) would anticipate and begin preparations for the month of Ramadhan. This is two months in advance! People “live to see” various accomplishments in their lives, but a Believer “lives for” and yearns to witness sacred days like these.

Rajab Du’a

Sayyiduna Anas Ibn Malik (radiyallahu’anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) would recite the following supplication when the Month of Rajab would commence:

اَللّٰهُمَّ بَارِكْ لَناَ فِيْ رَجَبٍ وَشَعْبانَ وَبَلّغْنَا رَمَضَانْ

Allahumma baarik lanaa fee Rajaba wa Sha’bana wa balligh-naa Ramadhan

Translation: Oh Allah! Grant us Barakah (Blessing) during (the months of) Rajab and Sha’ban, and allow us to reach Ramadhan.

(Shu’abul-Iman #3534, Ibnu Sunni #660, Mukhtasar Zawaid Bazzar #662, also see Al-Azhkar #549)

Hafidh Ibn Rajab rahimahullah says this narration is suitable to prove the merit of reciting this du’a -“istihbab. Lataif, pg.172. To declare this du’a as baseless is exaggerate. See here for more.

Sacred Months

Rajab is the second of the “four sacred months” in the Islamic Calendar which are referred to as: “Al-Ash-hurul hurum“ (Surah Tawbah, verse: 36)

The others are: Zhul-Qa’dah, Zhul-Hijjah and Al-Muharram.

Explaining their significance the ‘Ulama mention that during these months, good deeds are more virtuous and evil deeds are more detestable to Almighty Allah.(Lataiful-Ma’arif, pg.163)

A pious person once fell ill before Rajab. He made du’a to Allah that He allow him to live till Rajab (at least) because he had heard that Allah frees people from punishment in Rajab. Allah Ta’ala had accepted his du’a. (Latiful Ma’arif, pg.173)

Sha’ban

As for Sha’ban, authentic Ahadith describe special significance for the 15th night. (see detailed article here)

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is reported to have said: “Certainly Almighty Allah forgives everyone on this night besides those who ascribe partners to Him and those who harbor enmity for others”.

(Sahih Ibn Hibban #5665, Al-Targheeb,vol.3 pg.459, Majma’uz-zawaid,vol.8 pg.65 & Lataaiful-Ma’arif, pg.194)

Imam ‘Ataa Ibn Yasar (rahimahullah)- a distinguished Tabi’e- said:

“ After Laylatul Qadr, there is no other night more virtuous than the middle (15th) night of Sha’ban .”

(Ibid, pg. 197)

Du’as are accepted

Imam Shafi’e (rahimahullah) has stated: “I have heard that du’as are accepted by Almighty Allah on five nights:

1) The night of Jumu’ah,

2 & 3) The nights of the two ‘Eids,

4) The first night of Rajab,

5) The middle (15th) night of Sha’ban,

(Lataiful Ma’arif, pg. 196)

In fact, the experience of people prior to Islam even, shows that Allah Ta’ala would accept their du’as during the month of Rajab. Imam Ibn Abi Dunya (rahimahullah) has cited several examples of this in his book: “Mujabu Da’wah”.(ibid)

Specific forms of worship

There are no specific types of Salah etc. that are prescribed for the Month of Rajab or the 15th night of Sha’ban. One may engage in whatever form of ‘ibadah one is comfortable with. (Lataiful Ma’arif, pg.168, Islamic Months by Mufti Taqi Uthmani, pgs.63 & 79)

The Sahabah (radiyallahu ‘anum) and the Tab’un (rahimahumullah) would increase their Quranic recital during these months (especially in Sha’ban), i.e. in preparation for Ramadhan. (Lataiful Ma’arif, pg. 192)

The beginning of a new season

The crescent of Rajab actually signals the start of a “New Season”. One of hope, mercy and forgiveness for a believer. This “season” only finishes three months later; on the day of Eid!

Shaykh Abu Bakr Balkhy (rahimahullah) says:

“Rajab is a month in which we plant the seeds of good. i.e, by increasing our ‘ibadah. In Sha’ban we water them, to cultivate (and reap the rewards) in Ramadhan”

(Lataif, pg. 173)

Opportunities like these only come once a year. Fortunate are those who maximise their benefit there from.

al-miftah.com