A misinterpretation of the Hadith regarding staying at home for protection


Staying home [during Covid times] is a Prophetic teaching:

“Those who stay at home to protect themselves and others are under the protection of Allah.” – Musnad Ahmad


This narration is authentic. However it does not refer to staying at home as a form of isolation or quarantine to protect others/oneself from disease.

In Musnad Ahmad, the Hadith is worded as follows:

Sayyiduna Mu’adh ibn Jabal (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reported that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) informed them that five deeds secured the protection of Allah. The fifth deed being “…Whoever sits in his house so that people are safe from him and he is safe from people, [his security is guaranteed by Allah].”

(Musnad Ahmad, vol. 5 pg. 241)

The version in Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah and Sahih Ibn Hibban clearly explain what is meant by ‘People are safe from him and he is safe from people’:

Sayyiduna Mu’adh ibn Jabal (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reported that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “…..Whoever sits at home and does not backbite people, will be under the protection of Allah.”

(Sahih Ibn Khuzaymah, Hadith: 1495, Sahih Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 372)

Therefore this Hadith is referring to staying at home and not harming people by speaking ill of them, swearing them or physically harming them.

(Also see: Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 3960)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar,

Furthermore, ‘the protection of Allah’ that is promised in the Hadith refers to protection from Jahannam, with entry into Jannah.

(Faydul Qadir, Hadith: 3960, At-Taysir, and As-Sirajul Munir).


Referring to the haraam kuffaar act of quarantine, the Qur’aan Majeed states:

“What! Have you not seen those people who came out (fleeing) from their homes while they were thousands, in fear of Maut (death)? Then Allah said to them: “Perish!” Then (after their death) He resurrected them.” (Al-Baqarah, Aayat 242)

In bygone times, during the era of Bani Israaeel, a severe plague spread in a city / town. The inhabitants consisting of approximately 10,000 persons, for fear of contracting the disease and death, fled from the town and went into quarantine in a valley in between two mountains. Their cowardly flight and attempt to flee from Maut invited the Wrath of Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala exterminated the entire community. Not a single soul escaped death. They had fled the plague, went into self-imposed quarantine with the notion of saving themselves from death. They miserably failed.

“Say (O Muhammad!): ‘Verily, Maut from which you are fleeing will overtake you, then you will be returned to (Allah), the Knower of the Unseen and Seen. Then He will inform you of what you were doing (on earth).” (Al-Jumuah, Aayat 8)

4 Jamaadil Awwal 1442 – 19 December 2020