Using impermissible avenues to propagate Deen

Q: Is it permissible to post videos on Whatsapp with photos of people where the sole intention is to impart a Deeni message or to educate people islamically?

A: We have been commanded to practice deen correctly as well as propagate deen correctly through halaal means. If one adopts haraam methods in propagating deen, then even though one has propagated deen to others, one will be guilty of committing two crimes. The first is the crime of not practicing on deen correctly, and the second is the crime of propagating deen incorrectly through impermissible means. In doing so, one will be sinful for disobeying Allah Ta’ala and presenting the wrong version of deen to the ummah.

Hazrat Mufti Mahmood Gangohi (rahimahullah) mentioned: In Shariah, we have been commanded with two responsibilities. One is making an effort to preserve deen and the second is making an effort to propagate deen. Both these aspects are of great significance and importance in deen. However, it should be borne in mind that from the two aspects, the first aspect (making an effort to preserve deen) will be given preference over the second aspect (making an effort to propagate deen). Therefore, propagating deen through an impermissible means, which will lead to the destruction of deen, is actually working against deen and certainly not in keeping to the demands of intelligence.

Hence, it is not permissible to propagate deen through posting videos containing animate pictures on Whatsapp, Youtube or other social media platforms as this is against the commands of Shariah.

Furthermore, severe warnings have been sounded in the mubaarak Ahaadith for those who get involved in the grave sin of photography and picture making. Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “The people to be inflicted with the worst punishment will be the picture makers.” Nabi (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam) has cursed the one who receives interest, the one who gives interest, the tattooist, the tattooed and the picture maker. The Hadith also explains that the angels of mercy do not enter a home in which there is a picture of an animate object.

And Allah Ta’ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

حدثنا الأعمش عن مسلم قال كنا مع مسروق في دار يسار بن نمير فرأى في صفته تماثيل فقال سمعت عبد الله قال سمعت النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول إن أشد الناس عذابا عند الله يوم القيامة المصورون (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 5950)

عن عبد الله قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: إن أشد الناس عذابا يوم القيامة المصورون (صحيح مسلم، الرقم: 2109)

عن عبيد الله بن عبد الله أنه سمع ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما يقول: سمعت أبا طلحة يقول: سمعت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول: لا تدخل الملائكة بيتا فيه كلب ولا صورة تماثيل (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 3225)

حدثنا عون بن أبي جحيفة عن أبيه قال لعن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الواشمة والمستوشمة وآكل الربا وموكله ونهى عن ثمن الكلب وكسب البغي ولعن المصورين (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 5347)

عن أبي هريرة قال: الصورة الرأس فكل شيء ليس له رأس فليس بصورة وفي قول جبريل صلوات الله عليه لرسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم في حديث أبي هريرة إما أن تجعلها بساطا وإما أن تقطع رؤوسها دليل على أنه لم يبح من استعمال ما فيه تلك الصور (شرح معاني الآثار للطحاوي، الرقم: 6947)

وظاهر كلام النووي في شرح مسلم الإجماع على تحريم تصوير الحيوان وقال وسواء صنعه لما يمتهن أو لغيره فصنعته حرام بكل حال لأن فيه مضاهاة لخلق الله تعالى وسواء كان في ثوب أو بساط أو درهم وإناء وحائط وغيرها ا هـ فينبغي أن يكون حراما لا مكروها إن ثبت الإجماع أو قطعية الدليل بتواتره (رد المحتار 1/647)

وكذا النهي إنما جاء عن تصوير ذي الروح لما روي عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه قال من صور تمثال ذي الروح كلف يوم القيامة أن ينفخ فيه الروح وليس بنافخ فأما لا نهي عن تصوير ما لا روح له لما روي عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنه أنه نهى مصورا عن التصوير فقال كيف أصنع وهو كسبي فقال إن لم يكن بد فعليك بتمثال الأشجار (بدائع الصنائع 1/116)

فصل التحليل ذكر الفقيه أبو الليث في تاسيس النظائر إذا لم يوجد في مذهب الإمام قول في المسئلة يرجع إلى مذهب مالك لأنه أقرب المذاهب إليه (رد المحتار 2/583)

فتاوى محموديه 5/229

Answered by:

Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved:

Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

THE UNANIMOUS STANCE OF THE AKAABIR OF DEOBAND

In 2012, Hazrat Shaykh Hakeem Akhtar (rahmatullahi alayh) released the following notice in termination of the ijaazat of one of his former Khalifahs who had engaged in the Kabeera (Major) sin of having his image appear on television. This was in accordance with the Ijma’ (unanimous) stance of the Akaabir of Deoband who correctly deemed the one who comes on television a Faajir (a shameless and open criminal):

A GENERAL AND IMPORTANT NOTIFICATION FROM KHANQAH IMDADIYA ASHRAFIYA

According to the statement of Hazrat Hakimul Ummat Thanwi (ra), ‘any khalifa who is publicly found committing major sins then his khilafat will automatically be considered null and void.’

Some examples of these actions due to which the khilafat will be nullified are:

(1) Appearing on television.

(2) Appearing on the internet with ones picture.

(3) Taking pictures of animate objects and or printing them or making films.

(4) Not observing shar`i pardah and or not exercising caution from intermingling with non-mahram women.

(5) Participating in gatherings that go against the sharia.

(6) To practice black magic, write un-Islamic talismans/amulets, and or be involved in fortune telling.

Khanqah Imdadiyyah Ashrafiyyah

Gulshan Iqbal, Karachi

END OF NOTICE

Please forward this important notice and advice which today has become completely Ghareeb (strange, forlorn) just like many other parts of the original Deen, and exactly in accordance with the prophecies of Rasulullah ﷺ regarding the increasing Ghurbah (strangeness, isolation) of the true Deen as we approach closer to the Final Hour.

The Fitnah of Taking Pictureswith a Camera and Cell Phone

The Fitnah of Taking Pictures with a Camera and Cell Phone
By: Shaikh Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir bin Barraak bin Ibrahim Al-Barraak
All praises to Allah Ta’ala, Who sent His Rasool with guidance and the Deen (religion) of Haq (truth) to make it triumph over all religions, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it. May Allah shower His Peace and Blessings upon him (the Rasool) and upon his family, companions and followers.
Among the things in which all and sundry have fallen prey to and have become crazy about, is taking pictures with the cell phone, which is in the hand or pocket of men and women, young and old.
Thus, it is possible for them to take pictures of everyone, every scene and situation, whether a public scene or private, beneficial or non-beneficial.
Sometimes a picture is taken of some people’s personal and private things. Sometimes, it is not permissible to take pictures on account of the harm that ensues in the wake of taking the picture, leaving aside the ruling of picture taking (pictography).
There are a host of evils and wrongs which ensue in the wake of pictography with the cell phone. From among them are the following:

  1. Opposing the Nusoos (clear-cut verdicts) of the Hadith which show the prohibition of picture-taking, and which sounds a severe warning (against it) and cursing the picture takers. The justification of the (erroneous) interpreters and the following of vain desires are the origin of every evil which has befallen the Ummah, from ancient to modern times. If the justifier is a Mujtahid in Ilm (knowledge), he is ma’zoor (excused), but the one who follows his vain desires is sinful and
    unexcused. The minimum (ruling) in regard to this pictography which many people have fallen prey to and which has been halaalized on the basis of some vagaries is that it is Mushtabah (doubtful). But, Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam has stated:
    “Whoever abstains from doubtful matters has verily exonerated himself in his Deen and his honour. And those involved in doubtful things will fall into Haraam.”
  2. The taking of a picture of the one who is displeased (of his picture being taken).
    This is violating his Haq (right). The evil increases by spreading (circulating /posting) it (the picture taken of a person who was unhappy of it). Sometimes the picture of a female is taken. Taking and spreading (posting/broadcasting) her picture is not permissible even if she approves of it. Many a time it brings about Talaaq on her in the case of her being married. It causes disinclination to her (in the hearts of respectable people) in the case of her being unmarried. Together with that is the evil of looking at her form/shape for those upon whom this is not lawful among strange men. Among it (the evils of pictography) is taking the pictures of people’s private life without their consent. For example: their meetings, house, furniture, pictures of their children, etc.
  3. Taking pictures of female gatherings, for example: weddings etc. and circulating these pictures. This enables the prying and Faasiqeen to view what is not lawful and to become aware of it.
  4. The pictures of some evil scenes, for example: mixed gatherings and parties compounded by immorality and dancing by mixed crowds of men and women, and then to circulate them and exposing the people of Baatil under the pretext of condemning the wrong act. This enables the heart to become pleased by seeing those evil scenes and enjoying it. If it has to be condemned, and this it is necessary, then it is Waajib to safe keep those pictures as evidence against the accused when
    he rejects the words of the truthful witness. Or when he intends to deceive. As far as a public condemnation is concerned, it should be by word.
  5. Futile pictures. That is, pictures in which there is no benefit in Deen and dunya. The sole motive is hawa (vain desire); love for picture taking and idleness. Also included are taking pictures of men at wedding functions, etc. Taking pictures of the bridegroom and those with him when they enter and exit.Among futile pictures are the pictures of bayaans in the Musaajid and of Hifz classes and hallucinating that this serves as endorsement. The statement of an honest or trustable person is
    more reliable than a picture.
  6. Keeping pictures for remembrance, as they (those involved in this) claim. The worst is the picture taking of husband and wife, and keeping their pictures for this purpose. Verily, keeping pictures prevents the Angels from entering the home.
    Thus, Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam: “The Malaa’ikah do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.”
    Excluded from this are pictures which cannot be effaced, such as the pictures on money.
    We present to you, O Muslim, some Ahaadith regarding the Tahreem (prohibition) of taking pictures:
    • It is reported from Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu anhu) that Nabi
    (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Allah Ta’ala said: ‘Who can be a greater oppressor than the one goes and creates like Me? Let them create an atom or a grain of wheat or a grain of barely.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    • In Saheehain (Bukhaari and Muslim) it is reported from Hadhrat Aisha
    (Radhiyallahu anha) that Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The severest punishment on the Day of Qiyaamah will be meted out to those who imitate the Creation of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. making and taking pictures etc.)”
    • Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) reports: “I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saying: ‘Every picture-maker (photographer etc.) will be in Jahannam. A body will be created for every picture he made (drew, snapped, captured, posted etc.) which will torment him in Jahannam.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    • Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The one who draws (snaps, captures, posts, etc.) a picture in this world will be made to give life to it (the picture) on the Day of Qiyaamah, whereas he will not be able to blow life (in it).” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    Hence, it devolves upon the Muslim to fear Allah Ta’ala, take precaution for the safety of his/her Deen and that he/she warn the people who follow (their) vain desires not to be deceived (of what is right from wrong) on the basis of what the majority of people do. The abundance of baatil (wrong) does not mitigate it. “Say, ‘Evil and good are not even, although the abundance of evil might impress you.’ So fear Allah, O intelligent ones, so that you may be successful.” (Qur’aan)
    We ask Allah Ta’ala for Baseerat (foresight) in Deen and a good intention in the quest for the Haq (truth).
    May Allah Ta’ala shower His Peace and Blessings upon Muhammad, his family and all of his companions.
    27 Shawwaal 1438 / 22 July 2017

FLAGS, T-SHIRTS AND PICTURES

FLAGS, T-SHIRTS AND PICTURES
QUESTION

Please comment on the following Fatwa:
After issuing their relevant fatwa they quote a few Ibaarats (texts) which state that the Asl is ibaahah.

QUESTIONS

Selling T-Shirts with country flags; Advertising products with videos of people
Question

1. I want to sell T shirts with different country flags on them for the upcoming Soccer World Cup. Some of these countries are not majority Muslim countries (e.g. Portugal, Spain, France etc.). Will it be permissible to sell these t shirts?
2. What is the ruling on advertising products with videos of people using them? Sometimes products need a video demonstration, or a photo to show how to properly use them. What is a permissible way to do this?
The answers to your queries are as follows:
1. It is permissible to sell t-shirts with flags of the various countries imprinted on them, irrespective of the religious predominance in the respective country. However, one should avoid t-shirts with flags that have animate objects, religious depictions- like the Saudi flags, etc.

2. There are academic differences of opinions amongst contemporary ‘Ulamaa and Muftis regarding digital photography. The Darul Iftaa advises to adopt taqwaa and avoid all forms of digital pictures and videos. You may revert to us with details of the product(s) you wish to advertise and we will try to assist you with suitable alternatives.

Is this fatwa correct according to the Shariah?

ANSWER
The fatwa is seriously flawed with incongruities. It is not valid in terms of the Shariah.

The Mufti did not apply his mind. It is clear that the Muftis of this age are egregiously ignorant of the fact that the objective of Ifta is to bring people closer to Allah Ta’ala. On the contrary, these muftis are entrenching the fisq and fujoor of people by resorting to technicalities. The Aakhirat is the furthest from their minds. Hence, whatever technical loophole they can dig out from the kutub, they will utilize to issue such lamentable fatwas which only give further impetus to the fisq and fujoor of people, thus further stunting their Imaan and increasing the chasm between Allah Ta’ala and His servants.

FLAGS AND T-SHIRTS
The flags of kuffaar countries are generally symbols of kufr. It is not permissible for Muslims to sell such flags and T-shirts with such flags even if the flags are without animate objects. Furthermore, such T-shirts are Tashabbuh bil kuffaar. It is haraam for Muslims to wear such garb.

The chap who asked the question clearly mentioned that he desires to sell such T-shirts “for the upcoming Soccer World Cup.” It beggars Imaani credulity that a mufti fails to understand the colossal fisq and fujoor accompanying these haraam kuffaar games. A host of major sins are attached to these shaitaani games. To sell T-shirts associated in any way with these haraam activities is to aid and abet in sin and transgression. It is I’aanat alal ma’siyat. It is haraam by the explicit Nass of the Qur’aan Majeed.

By what stretch of aql did the mufti cite the principle of Al-Asl fil Ashyaa’ Al-Ibaahat (the principle regulating things is permissibility), defies understanding. This principle has absolutely no relevance to the issue of selling flags and T-shirts.

FLAGS, T-SHIRTS AND PICTURES_booklet

TV Images Are Not Reflections

Q. Mufti Taqi argues that a TV image is not a picture. On the contrary it is a reflection. Is television permissible on this basis?

A. Mufti Taqi is in grievous error in his fatwa pertaining to the images appearing on TV, and video. You should not follow him. This Mufti Sahib has become a liberal. He has also legalized the riba-banking institutions. We have written a detailed rebuttal of the baseless ‘reflection’ idea Mufti Taqi is peddling. The ‘reflection’ idea is a ludicrously absurd hallucination. It is devoid of any substance. Even the kuffaar makers and experts of television will mock at the stupid theory of the television picture being a reflection. It is surprising that the Mufti has failed to distinguish between a picture and a reflection.

Even a child understands the glaring difference between the two. Our booklet, Refutation of Mufti Taqi’s Television Fatwa debunks the absurd reflection notion. What is lamentable about the attitude of Mufti Taqi, besides his lack of Shar’i dalaa-il for his absurd reflection view, is his deliberate bypassing of the categorical fatwa and solid Shar’i dalaa-il on the prohibition of television and photography, presented by his illustrious father, Hadhrat Mufti Muhammad Shafi (rahmatullah alayh), the then probably most senior Mufti in Pakistan. Hadhrat Mufti Shafi had thoroughly demolished the reflection argument which, sad to say, his son, Mufti Taqi, has resurrected to satisfy the modernist conglomerate of deviates.

Hadhrat Maulana Sayyid Sulaiman Nadvi (rahmatullah alayh) had written an article supporting the permissibility of photos of people and animals. In response, Hadhrat Mufti Muhammad Shafi (rahmatullah alayh) published his book, At- Tasweer Li-Ahkaamit Tasweer. In this book, he thoroughly debunked the now worm-out ‘reflection’ notion. Later, Hadhrat Sayyid Nadvi retracted his erroneous view of permissibility.

Even the liberal Maulana Abul Kalam Azad whom modernists believe to be an ‘enlightened’ Aalim, emphatically stated the prohibition of photos of living organisms. Initially, he used to publish photos in his paper, Al-Hilal. When he became convinced of the error of his view, he retracted his permissibility fatwa and said: “The taking of photographs, the keeping of photographs, and the distribution of photographs are all impermissible. It was my great error that I took photographs and printed them in Al-Hilal. I have now repented of this error. My past faults should be concealed and not publicized.” The argument that a photo picture is a ‘reflection’ is indeed moronically weird.

[Answered by Hazrat Maulana Ahmad Sadeq Desai]