Q. Please explain the concept of Fana which the Sufis practised. Is this bid’ah?
A. Fana and the like are not concepts. They are lofty spiritual states which only the select Auliya experience. These extremely lofty states of Divine Proximity cannot be verbally explained. Only those Auliya who experience these states can understand. Even they are unable to explain these elevated states. Fana’ is not a bid’ah.
It is not a practice which could be imparted for adoption. It is simply a state of Divine Proximity. There is no theory involved. The Sufis did not ‘practice’ Fana. By virtue of their Proximity to Allah Ta’ala, He (Allah Ta’ala) draws them into such lofty spiritual states of Nearness unto Him that they become, in entirety, oblivious of their own existence. There is no methodology for this attainment. It is purely the Fadhl (Grace) of Allah Ta’ala as He says in the Qur’aan Majeed:
“Allah selects (draws unto Himself) whomever He wills, and He guides whomever He wills unto Himself.”
The first part of this Aayat brings Fana of the Sufis within its scope. It is a Gift of Allah Ta’ala while the second part applies to all Muslimeen. If they resort to Inaabat which entails following the Shariah and Sunnah in all aspects, then He bestows the necessary hidaayat (guidance) for onward spiritual progress and elevation.
THE MAJLIS VOL 26 NO 09