Naseehat for men in general

 FOR MEN

by: Hakeemul Ummah Hadhrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thaanwi (Rahmatullah Alayh)

Associate much with Ulama and enquire from them the Masaa’il (i.e. rules pertaining to one’s daily life)

 Read authentic Deeni books, e.g. Bihishti zewer and practise in accordance to what you learn.

 Do not wear garments which are un-Islamic.. e.g. it is sinful to wear the trousers below the ankles; western garb, silken clothing, bright feminine colours. Dress Islamically.

 Do not cut or shave the beard. It is, however, permissible to cut the beard which is in excess of a fist-length. It is not permissible to cut the beard to less than a fist’s length.

 Abstain from all customs which are in conflict with the Shariah, be such practices and customs in worldly or religious form, e.g. customs of Moulood, Faatihah, urs, marriage, circumcision, feeding guests for the sake of name, three-day, seven-day, Khatams, Muharram, Shab-e-Baraa’t, etc. abstain from all un-Islamic customs pertaining to these events.

 Do not participate in fairs, shows and amusements nor allow your children to attend such functions. Do not give your children money to spend in such nonsensical and evil practices. Do not allow them to participate in fireworks nor permit them toys on which there are pictures of people of animals.

 Guard your tongue against gheebat and abuse.

 Perform the five Salaat daily with Jamaa’t.

 Do not cast your gaze deliberately on women or lads.

 Do not listen to singing and music.

 Do not seek ta’weez and talismans from you Shaikh for everything. Rather seek the Deen from him. However, there is no objection in asking him to make dua for you.

 Do not adopt the attitude that you cannot go to the Shaikh if you have no gift to present.

 Never believe that the Shaikh is at all times aware of your condition.

 Do not study books of Tasawwuf which have not been prescribed by your Shaikh.

 Never discuss the question of Taqdeer (Predestination)

 Abstain from bribery and riba (of which interest is the most popular form). Abstain from all transactions which are in conflict with the Shariah.

 Do not act in accordance with dreams without first having ascertained the ruling of the Shariah.

 Should you visit the Shaikh, do not disturb him if he is engaged in some activity. Go into his presence when the opportunity arises.

 Study the books, Ta’leemu Talib, Ta’leemud Deen and Jazaaul A’mal (Insha’Allah, these works will b rendered into English – Translator)

Extract from: Qasdus Sabeel Ilal Maulal Jaleel – The straight path to Al-Maulaa il Jaleel ( Allah, The Friend, The Protector, The Glorious)

WOMEN BEWARE! DON’T TRUST THEM

Nuqs fil Aql (intellectual deficiency) if coupled with lack of genuine khauf (fear) for Allah Ta’ala renders females extremely vulnerable preys for the concupiscent lusts of men. They become even more vulnerable when they repose trust on those who are supposed to be seniors and men of piety. Women should not befool themselves with the imaginary piety of a Maulana or Shaikh. His piety will evaporate if he relaxes his guard – the guard which Allah Ta’ala commands him to always adopt. The Ta’leemaat of the Qur’aan and Ahaadith have to be implemented in every detail. If not, no one is then safe from the predatory onslaught of the nafs and the traps of shaitaan. Women should beware and exercise extreme caution with molvis and shaikhs. In today’s era these so-called ‘scholars’ are no different from modernist fussaaq and kuffaar. Their long kurtahs and beards are deceptive outer façades which serve to trap unsuspecting, stupid women. We are aware of numerous cases of sexual misdemeanors between molvis and wives of others; between molvis and the female students they teach in these wretched girls madrasahs; between ‘khanqaah’ shaikhs and female mureeds. In this era, a woman should NOT think of becoming bay’t to a sheikh. All ‘shaikhs’ of this era are scoundrels and bogus. Don’t ever trust them. Don’t trust the molvis! Don’t trust anyone! And this applies to ourselves as well. Don’t trust us! Don’t trust even the intervening screen which the dacoits put up in girls madrasahs between themselves and their female students. These screens are there for deluding and deceiving. These screens are not adequate purdah. These screens are stupid. Molvis who teach girls should hang their heads with shame. They are a disgraceful lot of deceits. They are liars if they claim that their nafs is not incited when they teach giggling girls and hear their voices from behind the mock purdah screen. The shahwat is ghaalib. Don’t be trusting like the 30 year old lady whom we dubbed ‘vixen’. In reality she is not a ‘vixen’. She was entrapped into the tentacles of a senior Maulana who was supposed to know better. She was perhaps genuinely ‘overwhelmed by his knowledge, wisdom and taqwa’, hence lost her balance and became ensnared. But this evil Maulana misused his knowledge, wisdom and taqwa to derail a pure woman – to rob her of her paakdamani (moral purity). Therefore, never trust these scoundrels. Islaah (reformation) of the nafs is waajib at all times. But in this era it cannot be achieved from the company of these scoundrel Satanists who pose as ‘sufis’. The Mashaaikh say that when there is no true, genuine, Allah-Fearing Shaikh available, then hold on to the kitaabs of the Auliya. Read the life episodes and advices of the Auliya. Insha-Allah, you will gain the requisite Islaah of the Nafs to endear you to Allah Ta’ala. Don’t fall into the traps of these bogus shaikhs and concupiscent molvis. Don’t be deluded by their sweet talk, calling you ‘Bhen! Bhen! (Sister! Sister!)’. They are hypocrites and human devils who lure and seduce women under ‘deeni’ cover. They are wolves in sheep’s skin. Our advice to Sisters who communicate with Ulama is to do so only by e-mail or letter, never by phone. We maintain with emphasis that today it is haraam for a woman to speak to a man even on the phone, and it is haraam for her to speak to a man from even behind a screen. This is an age of the worst kind of fitnah. Also, do not communicate with just any molvi, especially if he is a so-called ‘celebrity’. And, NEVER commit the fatal moral blunder of seeking advice or deeni mas’alah from a facebook molvi. All facebook molvis are filth. With huge hyperbole in their hypocritical ‘bayaans’ they create red herrings which the stupid women swallow hook, line and sinker. Wallah! We believe that there is no worse rapist of female morals than a facebook molvi. Your Haya and Imaan are invaluable treasures. Do not sully these treasures. Do not blemish this Amaanat with the concupiscent filth of these facebook molvis. They are absolute Rubbish. In the words of Rasulullah ( Sallallahu alayhi wasallam):
“The Saalihoon (the genuine pious Ulama) are departing (from this dunya) one after the other in quick succession. Then will remain only ghutha (RUBBISH) like the chaff of dates or barley. Allah will have no care whatsoever for them.” We are in that age. There are no longer Saalihoon living. They all are under the earth in their graves. There now remain only RUBBISH. Don’t trust anyone! Don’t trust molvis! Don’t trust shaikhs! And, don’t trust us. Just take what we say in our writings. You will not find it anywhere in today’s world. May Allah be with you all. Was-salaam.

FORGETFULNESS

The following are some of the things which create forgetfulness or – failing memory:
♦ Making wudhu in a place of impurity, e.g. the toilet
♦ Worldly worries
♦ Commission of sins
♦ Engrossment in worldly affairs
♦ Looking at a hanged person
♦ Eating much salted meat
♦ Looking at the sky during the state of janaabat
♦ Much laughter and joking
♦ Laughing in the qabrustaan
♦ Entering the Musjid with the left foot and coming out with the right foot
♦ Looking at the private parts
♦ Urinating in the bathroom
♦ Urinating in public
♦ Urinating under a fruit tree, in stagnant water or in ash
♦ Combing the hair with a broken comb

THE TASBEEH AND RIYA

Q. I usually keep a tasbeeh (rosary) in my hand for thikr. My friend advised that I should not display the tasbeeh in public as it smacks of riya. Please advise.


A. Yes, it does smack of riya.
Although some of our Mashaaikh did advise keeping a Tasbeeh in hand as a muthakkir (reminder) for permanent Thikr, it is only a temporary measure. It should not become a permanent amal. The Maqsood (Objective) is to embed Allah’s Name in the heart, and this is achieved by Thikr-eLisaani (Thikr of the tongue).
The objective is not the number of times one recites the Name of Allah Ta’ala. The Objective is that the Name of Allah Ta’ala must be permanently ingrained and embedded deep in the heart. Do not adopt the display of the Tasbeeh as a permanent amal. The nafs is a cunning ustaadh. In subtle ways will it contaminate and corrupt one’s Ikhlaas (sincerity). Without even realizing, you will become vain (develop ujub) and feel pleased when people look at you in the state of ‘thikr’ which could ultimately be rejected by Allah Ta’ala. Regarding the flaunting of the Tasbeeh in public, Hadhrat
Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Rahmatullah alayh) said:
“At all times, while walking, sitting or reclining, recite Durood Shareef. Wudhu is not necessary for this nor is any specific number of times necessary for this continuous recitation of Durood (or any other Thikr of Allah Ta’ala). Do not walk around at all times with a tasbeeh (rosary) in the hand.”
While it is 100% correct that wudhu is not necessary for engagement in Thikrullah, this applies to those who are not in the practice of permanent Thikrullah. But for the Saalikeen, being without wudhu when even eating food or at any other time of the day OR night is unthinkable and intolerable. Go to bed with Wudhu and the Name of Allah Ta’ala on your tongue. Then your every breath during your sleep will be recorded as a Tasbeeh.

The Tribulation of Doubts and Desires

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) informed us that all this would occur. With regards the tribulation of doubts, he(sallallahu alaihi wasallam ) told us, as reported via a number of routes, that his nation would split into more than seventy sects, the narrations differ as to precisely how many sects, and that all of these sects would be in the Fire save one: that which would be upon what he|(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and his Companions were upon.
With regards the tribulation of desires:

  1. Muslim records the hadith of ‘Abdullah ibn Amr (radiyAllahu anhu) that the Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “How will you be when the treasures of the Persians and Romans are opened to you? What sort of people will you become?” ‘Abdu’l-Rahman ibn ‘Awf (radiyAllahu anhu)said, “We would say as Allah ordered us.’ He said, “Or something else: you would compete with each other, then be envious of each other, then turn your backs on each other, then hate each other.”
  2. Bukhari records on the authority of Amr ibn Awf (radiyAllahu anhu) that the Prophet|(sallallahu alaihi wasallam ) said, “By Allah! I do not fear poverty for you but I fear that the world be proffered to you as it was proffered to those before you such that you vie for it as they vied and it destroy you as it destroyed them.”
  3. A hadith carrying the same meaning as this one has been recorded by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Uqbah ibn Amir(radiyAllahu anhu).
    When the treasures of Chosroes were conquered at the hands of Umar (radiyAllahu anhu), he wept and said, ‘This has never come into the hands of a people except that it caused discord and splitting to occur amongst them/ or words to that effect.1
    The Prophet(sallallahu alaihi wasallam) would fear these two tribulations,
  4. Imam Ahmad records on the authority of Abu Barzah (radiyAllahu anhu) that the Prophet|(sallallahu alaihi wasallam ) said, “I only fear for you the desires of misguidance brought about by your stomachs and private parts and the misguiding tribulations,” and in another narration, “…misguiding desires.”
    Most people succumbed to one or both of these tribulations as a result of which they ended up splitting and hating each other after having been brothers, loving each other. The tribulation of desires has afflicted the majority of creation and they have fallen victim to the allurement of this world and its luxuries; it has become their goal and they covet it, only when they attain it are they satisfied. For its sake do they come to anger, for its sake do they make allegiance, and for its sake do they declare enmity.They sever the ties of kinship, spill blood, and disobey Allah all for the gain of some worldly lot.
    1 <Abdu’l-Razzaq #20034 and ibn al-Mubarak #768 with a sahlh isnad.

    With regards doubts and misguiding desires, it is on account of these that the People of the Qiblah split into many sects and factions, each hating the other and some charging others with disbelief, this after they used to be brothers, their hearts united as if in one body. Of all these sects, only one will be victorious and it is mentioned in his (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saying,
  5. ‘There will always be a group of this nation manifest upon the truth, they will not be harmed by those who forsake them or oppose them until the Command of Allah comes, and they will still be in that state/’
    In the last days, they will be the strangers mentioned in these ahadith: those who rectify the affairs when the people become corrupt, those who correct what the people have corrupted of the Sunnah, those who flee from trials and tribulations in order to safeguard their religion, and those who have departed from the tribes; this is because they are few – only one or two will be found in some tribes and none at all in others, just as the first Muslims were. It is in this way that the Imams have explained this hadith.
    TAKEN FROM : THE JOURNEY OF THE STRANGERS BY IBN RAJAB AL-HANBALI AND IMAM AL-AJURRI PAGES 72-74

PICTURES AND THE ANGELS OF MERCY

The following is a brief discussion about pictures on passports, money, school books etc. and how this may or may not affect the angels of mercy from entering one’s house. this answer was given by maulana a.s. desai. h.a.

As far as passport, identity document and other similar necessary documents are concerned, it will not be sinful to have one’s photo taken for these purposes since one has no choice. With regard to the Angels of Rahmat entering houses in which the pictures are concealed, we cannot say with certitude if they will enter homes where the pictures are hidden, not displayed. The malaaikah have a natural aversion for pictures of animate objects, just as we have a natural aversion for a bad odor. If a cat excretes in a hidden corner under the bed where no one can see the mess, the inmates of the house will soon perceive the terrible stench, search for it and clean up the place. In spite of it having been hidden from our sight, our sense of smell detected its presence. The malaaikah walk through solid objects like walls. Physical and solid objects are not a barrier for them. Covering up pictures, does hide them from our sight, not from the malaaikah. It is therefore, our opinion that even if we conceal pictures and even if the books in which the pictures are, are closed, these can prevent entry in to the home of the malaaikah of rahmat. My practice when reading such books is to affix a sticker over the whole head as I go along reading.

The only consolation we can think of is that Allah Ta’ala is Merciful. He will not deprive us of the companionship of the Angels of Mercy because of something which is beyond our control. Passport pictures and the like are beyond our control. Ugly pictures of fussaaq and kuffaar human faces are on all the paper money in our pockets. But we have no alternative other than to carry such evil pictures with us. We therefore hope that Allah Ta’ala Who is the Creator of the Malaaikah will create a method which will make it impossible for the Angels to detect the photos which we hide and which we detest. We believe that as long as we abhor these pictures and exercise care and display our aversion, Allah Ta’ala will not deprive us of the barakat of the Malaaikah of Rahmat.

It has become the practice of this sinful bandah when counting money, never to keep the picture on top or facing me. I turn the notes around if there is a picture only on one side, then count the money so that my soul does not suffer the mental torture of having to stare at something which Allah Ta’ala and His Malaaikah abhor.

Regarding pictures which can be easily destroyed such as the pictures on soap wrappers or on any packets, etc. in which food and other items are enclosed, it is necessary to immediately open up these items and discard the wrappers. A variety of cheap plastic containers and bottles, etc. is available for storing these items.

Regarding the foam mattress with pictures, do understand that your baby is more precious than the bed. It comes in the hadith that shaitaan causes distress to babies. If he happens to be around, he interferes with babies. Therefore, do not take chances with your baby. Covering up the pictures will not suffice. Remove the cover and sew a clean one on to it. This is the safest.

The chemical sulphur and anything having an offensive or pungent odor disturbs and chases away the Angels. I suggest that when lighting a candle, light it in a remote place of the home, outside the bedrooms. Anyhow, the odor of the match will soon disappear. Gas stoves and lighters too pose a problem because even the odor of gas is offensive to Malaaikah. But there is no option. Allah Ta’ala is merciful. Try to avoid such things without imposing too much inconvenience on yourself and your wife. Don’t undertake something which is too difficult to sustain. While pictures are haram, lighting a candle with a match is not haram.

The Day and Night of a Mumin

A lecture on how a Muslim should pass his twenty-four hour daily life by Shafeequl-Ummat Hazrat Moulana Hajee Muhammad Farouq Sahib (RA), the eminent Khalifa of Maseehul Ummat Hazrat Moulana Shah Muhammad Maseehullah Khan Sahib (RA).

Translated by: Moulana Yunus Bobat

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem

PREFACE

The secret of acceptability and rapid success in the widely acclaimed Spiritual Order of Sayyidut Taa-ifa, Shaikhul Arab wal Ajam, Hazrat Hajee Imdaadullah rahmatullahi alaihi is subservience and obedience to the Sunnat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam. In the present era, this (following the Sunnat) is the special distinction of this Order. Almighty Allah has chosen Hazrat Moulana Muhammed Farooq sahib, the distinctive khalifa of Maseehul Ummat Hazrat Moulana Maseehullah (who is the senior khalifa of Hakimul Ummat, Hazrat Moulana Ashraf Ali Thanwi), for the service of Deen, to spread the Path of Sulook, and to promote the ta’leemaate ashrafiyya (teachings of Hazrat Ashraf Ali Thanwi) according to the perception and design of Hazrat Maseehul-Ummat (rahmatullahi alaihi).

Normally the succession of talks conducted by Hazrat wala continues at all times, be it at home or on a journey. However, this series increases in quantity and quality during the month of Ramadaan. A large number of saalikeen concerned with their spiritual reformation, join Hazrat for i’tikaaf, and follow the comprehensive daily time-table formulated by Hazrat himself.

One night during Ramadaan 1413 Hazrat spoke on how a Muslim should pass his day and night in order to attain the hayaate tayyiba or “the pure life” (promised in The Quran Shareef). In this lecture he outlined the masnoon a’maal during the twenty-four-hour day and night, as well as the habitual practices of our pious predecessors, in the light of which one is enabled to spend the day and night according to the Sunnat of Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

The honourable Naeem Rasheed sahib of Karachi, with the assistance of a recorder, transcribed the entire lecture to allow the general public to benefit from this talk. May Allah accept his efforts and the efforts of those who assist in its publication and distribution, and may He transform those efforts into sadaqa jaariyah, or perpetual reward – Aameen.

(Mufti) Muhammed Tayyib
Faisalabad
Pakistan

We praise Him and send Durood upon His Noble Messenger, as well as upon all the family and companions of His Noble Messenger.

THE TOPIC

Through The Grace of Almighty Allah the following question along with its answer came to mind during namaaz: How is it possible for a Muslim to pass his day and night in the obedience of Almighty Allah? How can he possibly spend his morning and evening in accordance with the Sunnat? What method does he adopt to acquire, through the medium of A’maal-e-Saaliha, that Pure Life promised by Allah in The Holy Quran?

Since in Islam the night comes first, hence certain selected and Masnoon A’maal will be mentioned in the sequence of the five daily salaah (i.e. beginning from Magrib, when our night starts). If these are kept in mind and acted upon, they become the practical answers to the above questions (Insha-Allah).

PROTECTION OF CHILDREN

It appears in the Hadeeth Shareef that when night falls, children should be prevented from roaming around outdoors, for the Shayaateen spread out at night and cause harm to children. This dua should also be made: “O Allah! Grant us the good of this night, and safeguard us from its evil and mischief”.

THE BENEFITS OF REMAINING IN THE STATE OF WUDHU AT ALL TIMES

Make it a habit to remain at all times with wudhu. This has many benefits, as follows:

  • One who remains with wudhu becomes Maqboolud da’waat i.e. one whose duas are always accepted.
  • If such a person dies, resurrection (on Qiyamat) will be among the Shuhadaa (Martyrs).
  • Shayaateen can never take control of such a person.
  • He always obtains jamaat from the first takbeer.
  • Rulers, leaders, etc. become subservient to one always with wudhu.
  • The speech of such a person becomes very effective. The beauty of the face increases tremendously.

One should therefore always remain in the state of wudhu. This is not difficult at all. Once man makes a firm intention, the assistance of Allah embraces him (thus facilitating the performance of the intended deed).

REPLYING TO THE AZAAN

Now, once the night has now begun, along with the above-mentioned practices, the other important duty is to answer the Magrib Azaan. It is stated in the Hadeeth Shareef that when one hears the Azaan, the following dua should be recited:

: “O Allah! Open up the locks of our hearts with Your Remembrance, complete Your Favours over us, bring to fulfillment your Grace upon us, and make us among your righteous servants. I testify that there is no God but Allah, Who is One, without Partner. I testify that indeed Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger. I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, with Islam as my religion, and with Muhammad as my Prophet and Messenger.”

Through this dua the reciter is forgiven (from all sins) by Allah, and Allah enters him into the fold of the pious people. Now answer the wordings of the azaan. Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam said: “I have firm faith that the one who replies to the azaan will be forgiven”. Allah has placed great effect in the practice of repeating the wordings of azaan. Any need or ambition one has in mind at the time of answering the azaan, becomes easily obtainable through the barakat of this practice.

One Hadeeth states that for the answerer of the azaan there is Jannat. Answering the azaan is quite a straightforward matter. In reply to the takbeer one says takbeer, and in reply to the shahadatain one also utters the shahadatain. (Shahadatain means the kalimah shahadat that is called out in the azaan, Ashadu Allah laa-ilaaha illallah…) In response to hayya alas salaah and hayya alal falaah one should say laa howla walaa quwwat illa billah. Thereafter, repeat the takbeer as called out by the muazhin and repeat after him the nafi ithbaat, i.e. laa-ilaaha illallah. Then recite durood shareef and the dua of Waseelah (intercession), as follows:

Regarding the dua of Waseelah Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wa sallam said: “My intercession is incumbent for one who reads this dua regularly. I shall secure his forgiveness.”

Try to be present in the musjid prior to the azaan, or upon its commencement, unless one has a valid excuse preventing you from doing so. It should be noted that the virtues connected to the sequence of rows in jamaat salaah, also apply when the musjid is empty. In other words, just as in jamaat salaah the first saff carries the greatest reward, followed by the second, then the third, and so forth, in like manner such sequence of virtue and merit will apply to the empty saffs as well. If you are asked: What is the first saff of a musjid, will you answer by saying that the saff closest to the wuzu-khaana? Certainly not! Without hesitation one would refer to the foremost saff as the first saff of the musjid. Hence, even in an empty musjid one will achieve the reward of the first saff (by occupying the front). Anyone wishing to perform nafl salaah or engage in zikr inside the empty musjid, should go to the front. Perform these deeds in the first saff. This procedure (of coming into the first saff) is not restricted to jamaat, but is in fact among the etiquette of the musjid.

REPLYING TO THE IQAAMAT

Jamaat namaaz should be offered with Takbeere ula (the first takbeer, also called Takbeere Tahreema). If possible, reply to the wordings of the Iqaamat as well. The reply to Iqaamat is the same as azaan, except that in reply to qadkamatis salaah the words afaamahallahu wada maha are uttered. There is no dua after Iqaamat.

In Nawaafil (Nawaafil is the plural of nafl, i.e. nafl or optional salah.) it is mustahabb to recite either before or after Thana the following dua:

Occasionally, if one finds time, recite the Mu-owwazhatain (Surah Falaq and Naas) before the niyyat of salah. It is the view of Imam Ghazali rahmatullahi alaihi that through the recitation of these Surahs the namaaz is protected from the disruption of Shaytaan. Now observe the niyyat or intention of salah.

SOME BENEFICIAL WAZEEFAS AFTER NAMAAZ

Immediately upon saying the salaam of the faraz of Magrib, say Allahu Akbar once and Astaghfirullah, thrice. Then place the right hand on the head and say the following dua:

Through this dua all worry and grief dissipates. Allah removes whatever anxiety and uneasiness there is on the mind.

  • If one seeks to improve the memory then say 11 times: Yaa-Qawiyyu
  • If the need is to improve eyesight then say 11 times: Yaa-Nooru
  • Should it be desired to achieve a cheerful appearance then write the word Allah on the forehead with the shahaadat finger (fore-finger).
  • For strengthening the heart say twice: Yaa-Qawiyyu while holding the breath, and then blow onto the heart. Say this word (Yaa Qawiyyu) once more and blow onto the heart again.
  • If one seeks Jannat, read Aayatul Kursi once.
  • For salvation from Jahannam say seven times: Allahuma ajirnee minan naar
  • If one desires cheerfulness in spirit then recite eleven times: Yaa-Basit
  • If one wishes to lead a pious life then say seven times: Yaa-Barru
  • If one seeks an abundant flow of knowledge, say thrice: Yaa-Fataahu

It is also the practice of our Mashaa-ikh (Spiritual seniors) to recite the Nafi Ithbaat Zikr, i.e. laailaaha illallah thrice after namaaz. Upon the third time add the words Muhammadur Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

DUA

The dua after faraz salah:

Recite Durood Shareef before and after Dua.

It is the standard practice of the Ahlullah (saintly people) to recite all the various duas and zikr mentioned above, after every faraz salah, except for the dua Allahuma ajirnee minan naar (which they read only after Fajr and Maghrib).

SUNAN AND NAWAAFIL

Now offer two rak’ats Sunnat-e-muakkadah. In the first rak’at recite the surah Kafiroon and in the second rak’at, surah Falaq. (Do not regard these surahs as necessary for this namaaz. Occasionally read some other surahs as well).

Thereafter perform six rak’ats of Awwaabeen namaaz. Business people or those who have important work to attend to may offer four rak’ats. In such circumstances, when one really cannot afford the time then reduce this namaaz by two rak’ats. For then, the two sunnat along with the four Awwaabeen will combine to bring one the reward of six rak’ats. However, the original method is to perform six Awwaabeen after the two sunnat of Magrib. It is stated in the Hadeeth Shareef that for these six rak’ats Almighty Allah grants the reward of twelve years of worship. The maximum number of rak’ats mentioned in the hadeeth shareef for Awwaabeen is twenty. After completing the Awwaabeen salaah recite Subhanallah 33 times, Alhamdu-lillah 33 times, Allahu Akbar 33 times, and the following kalimah once:

Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The one who reads this is forgiven. He has indeed attained maghfirat.” According to this narration Allahu Akbar should be recited 33 times, not 34. However, if one does not read the above kalimah then recite Allahu Akbar 34 times, after which dua is made.

If one is able to remain for a while longer in the Musjid then do so. Otherwise, recite one tasbeeh of the following before leaving:

EMPHASIS ON THE MISWAAK

Having tended to any work that needed attention, complete your toilet, istinjaa, etc. Thereafter, perform a fresh wudhu in accordance with the sunnat, and regard the use of miswaak in wudhu as a necessity. This is a sunnat-e-muakkadah act of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and one who constantly neglects a standard sunnat-e-muakkadah act should remember that on the Day of Qiymaat he is likely to be questioned about this neglect. Even Tahajjud, according to some Ulema, is sunnat-e-muakkadah. If one frequently omits it, there is the great likelihood of being questioned about the reasons for neglecting the practice of tahajjud. Therefore the pious elders have devised methods and means of averting possible punishment, (such as, for example, offering a few rak’ats of nafl salaah with an intention of salaatul-layl [Salaatul-layl is another name for Tahjjud salaah. By observing what has been said above one will obtain the reward of Tahajjud.- Translator] before going to bed).

ESHA NAMAAZ – ETIQUETTE OF THE COURT OF ALLAH

The answer to the azaan of all five salaah is the same as stated earlier. Now it is time to present yourself in the musjid. When entering the musjid place the right foot first, and recite this dua: Allahumaf tahlee abwaba Rahmatic

Simultaneously make the niyyat of I’tikaaf and perform the four rak’ats sunnat ghair-muakkadah. If there is time, offer two rak’ats Tahiyyatul-musjid, otherwise suffice with the four rak’ats and Insha-Allah the reward of Tahiyyatul-musjid will still be acquired. The salaah of Tahiyyatul-musjid has been ordained as a mark of respect and reverence towards the musjid, hence it is a namaaz of great blessing.

TAHIYYATUL WUDHU

Businessmen do not normally have any commitments Esah time. After making wudhu at home for Esha salaah (and May Allah grant everyone the good fortune of leaving home with wudhu) two rak’ats tahiyyatul wudhu should also be offered. It appears in the hadeeth shareef that Jannat becomes compulsory for one who offers two rak’ats after wudhu with complete presence of heart and mind, and free from stray thoughts. Entry into jannat has therefore been guaranteed upon the performance of tahiyyatul-wudhu. Another hadeeth states that when a man sets off from home towards the musjid in the state of wudhu, he is like one setting off towards the Baitullah with a niyyat of Hajj. As from now onwards, strive to achieve the performance of Esha namaaz with takbeere-e-ula (first takbeer), especially those residing in close proximity of a musjid. For such people this is not a difficult task at all.

THE SUNAN AND NAWAAFIL AFTER ESHA

After the faraz of Esha repeat the duas and zikr that were mentioned after the faraz of Magrib namaaz. Then perform two rak’ats sunnat-e-muakkadah, followed by four rak’ats nafl salaah. It is stated in the hadeeth shareef that whoever performs four rak’ats nafl after the two sunnats of Esha, Allah Ta-ala grants that person the reward of laylatul-qadr. Now read the three rak’ats of witr, after which the following words are uttered thrice: Subhanal Malikul Quddus.

Thereafter perform another two rak’ats nafl after the witr salaah. These two rak’ats should be read standing, and Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) sat and offered this salaah because of tiredness. One who is tired and weak, and reads these two rak’ats sitting, will attain the full reward. And one who reads this salaah while seated for no reason, receives half the thawaab. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said that whoever recites Surah Zilzaal (Izhaa zul zila) in the first rak’at and Surah Kaafiroon (Qul Yaa-Ayyuhal Kaafiroon) in the second, Allah Ta-ala will register the reward for the entire night’s worship

PARTICIPATION IN DEENI GATHERINGS

You have just completed your Esha namaaz. If in your musjid Deeni educational programs are conducted after Esha, then join in these talks. The virtue of such participation is indeed great. There should at least be some Deeni discussion after Esha. Allah Ta-ala has promised the reward of a maqbool (accepted) hajj for this practice (of attending the musjid to hear or deliver a Deeni talk).

The tasbeeh-e-fatimi mentioned after Ayatul kursi will also be recited now. Thereafter read one tasbeeh of the third kalimah, as follows:

Having done this, return home. When leaving the musjid place the left foot out first, but when wearing shoes, the right foot goes in first. Read the following dua upon emerging: Allahum inni as-aluka min fadliq

SPREADING THE SALAAM

Remember so say assalaamu alaikum when arriving at home. It appears in the hadeeth shareef that salaam should be made even when going into an empty house. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) also said that Allah Ta-ala makes jannat wajib for one who greets his family with the words assalaamu alaikum, and such a home shall never be stricken with poverty. Today people will make salaam to their friends, but feel embarrassed to greet their own family, whom in actual fact are the true friends. Husband and wife should greet one another, while emphasis should be laid on greeting first. The hadeeth commands us to spread the salaam. This is a practice that must be given popularity among people. Another hadeeth mentions that Allah Ta-ala makes jannat obligatory upon one who greets with salaam 20 times a day.

THE SUNNAT METHOD OF PASSING THE NIGHT

Now prepare for bed by making wudhu. If in the home a fire or lamp is burning, extinguished it. Put out the lights as well. At night utensils should not be left dirty. Cover all utensils with lids, or else turn them over. If this too is not possible, then the hadeeth tells us to recite Bismillah and place a thin stick across the opening of the vessel. Through the barakat of this practice, Insha-Allah no poisonous creature will enter that container.

Spread out your bedding according to the sunnat method. Remove the creases from the sheets, etc. and dust the bedding with a cloth. If there happens to be any impurity anywhere on the bed or bedding, remove it. When one sleeps on paak (ritually clean) bedding, the bones of such a person recite Subhanallah the entire night, and the thawaab (reward) of this accrues to his Book of Deeds.

Sleeping on paak bedding is no hard task. People say: “Sir, we are not sure of the state of our bed (whether it is clean or not).” All you need to do is place a freshly washed sheet over the existing linen, and the bed will now be regarded as paak. The matter is then solved. If you still have doubts about the blanket or duvet (and washing is not possible) then have a clean, paak cover sewn onto it. Of course, the pillow will always be paak.

Begin by lying down on your right side, a practice which conforms to the sunnat. Even if you are unable to sleep on the right side for the entire night, at least begin by lying down on the right. One other point to remember: A person may lie on the back, or even on the left side, but never in a prone position (i.e. on the stomach). Sleeping or lying down on the stomach is forbidden and detested in Islam. Through such an abominable practice:

  • Man becomes coward at heart.
  • He falls victim to many evils.
  • His health is destroyed.
  • Shayateen (devils) take control of him.
  • His memory becomes weak.

MUHASABA (Stock-taking)

When getting ready to sleep, carry out one more deed. Think of all the good deeds performed from the morning till evening and offer thanks to Allah for these in the following words: “O Allah! By I myself could never have achieved this good: You assisted me in the fulfillment of these deeds. You made me offer namaaz with jamaat, and a host of other good acts. Tomorrow too, allow me to do the same.” When any sin comes to mind, make istighfar. Always renew the Iemaan before sleeping. Recite ieman-e-mufassal (as follows):

It is quite possible that our brother may not wake up from this sleep, for the hadeeth states that, sleep is the sister of death. So at this stage think of maut or death. This brief recollection of the day’s doings is called muhasaba. And thinking of death, reflecting on the horrors of Qiyamat, etc. is called muraqabah. Muhasabah and muaraqabah are sunnat acts, both of which the Mashaikh have taken from the hadeeth.

MURAQABAH OF DEATH

Reflect on the moment of death. Imagine that you are dying, the Ruh is being extracted and is ebbing away; the wife and children are crying in anguish – O Allah! What will become of me! Imagine that the Ruh has now emerged from the body. The ghusl or bath of the dead body is now in progress. This is followed by the wrapping of the kafan. Namaaz of Janمzah is then performed. Soon you are being entered into the grave, and tons of sand are being heaped over you by funeral attendants. Alone in the qabr, Munkar and Nakeer now appear to ask the following questions:

  • Who is your Creator?
  • What is your religion?
  • What do you know about the great personality (Hazrat Muhammad – sallallahu alaihi wasallam) who was sent unto you?
  • Did you practice on whatever knowledge was granted to you?

These are four questions that will be put to me, what answer will I give? Going further, imagine that the trumpet has already been blown, and the plains of Qiyamat are before you. (Tell yourself) ‘I am present on these plains and it is one tremendously hectic moment, with each man for himself. None is prepared to part with even one good deed. I shall have to appear before the Glorious Throne of Allah. Again, what answer will I have, when I have brought along a mountain of sins?’

Therefore, read one tasbeeh of Istighfar before sleeping, as follows:

Now recite the duas before sleeping, which is: Allahuma bismika amutu wa ahya

If anyone does not know the above Arabic dua then merely say its meaning, as follows:

O Allah! In Your Name do I sleep, and in Your Name do I wake up.

A UNIQUE INTENTION OF SLEEP

When going to bed make an intention of abstention from sin. Once, a man said to Hakeemul Ummat, Hazrat Moulana Thanwi rahmatullahi alaihi: “Hazrat, your sleep is also ibadat!” Hazrat replied: “Dear friend, that’s the status of great people. We are not on that level. When we sleep, we are avoiding sin, hence, we make an intention of abstaining from sin when we sleep.” Blessed indeed is that sleep which keeps a man away from sin!

It is the perfect wisdom of Allah that he increased the desire for sleep in man during the age when he is most likely to commit sin, and that is the period of youth. Young people tend to sleep a lot. The “sleep of the youth” is quite famous. This is indeed a great favour from Allah, for through sleep Allah has saved man from sinning (for the duration of his sleep).

TAHAJJUD AND FAJR NAMAAZ

It is stated in the hadeeth shareef that, when one who slept with wudhu wakes up in the middle of the night, whatever dua he makes at that time will be accepted by Allah. Having thus gone to bed in the state of wudhu, should one happen to be aroused in the middle of the night through the barking of a dog or the crying of a child, dua at that time of the night will be accepted.

When it is time to arise for Tahajjud, then in order to obtain the virtue and reward mentioned in this verse,

which means “Their sides are separated from their beds, whilst they call their Lord out of fear, and in hope for his reward”, get out of bed and then sit down. You may even say Subhanallah thrice during this time. This too was a habitual practice of our elders.

Brothers, in today’s discussion, I shall present to you selected, daily, devotional practices of our seniors.

MASNOON METHOD OF RISING FOR IBADAT

Towards the latter part of the night make a concerted effort to arise. This in reality is not a difficult task. Upon awakening from sleep, it is sunnat to rub the hands over the face thrice. This prevents yawning and removes sleepiness. (Hazrat placed the palms of his hands over the eyes and said One should place these parts (The part spoken of here is the section of the palm adjacent to the wrist. This section of both hands will be used to massage the eyes immediately upon awakening.) Recite the first kalimah immediately upon opening the eyes, and then the following dua:

THE METHOD OF WAKING OTHERS

If the person that needs to be woken up is old, then wake him up by pressing his lower legs and shins. If it is a young person, press him on the shoulder. Greet the one you have woken with salaam.

EXERCISE

Upon getting up do eleven sit-ups and eleven push-ups. This too was the daily practice of our elders. We have also seen our Hazrat wala (Hazrat Moulana Maseehul-Ummat), when getting out of bed in the early morning, do this exercise very quickly. He used to remark that through this exercise a man does not age quickly, and it keeps one alert and fresh the entire day.

THE TAHAJJUD NAMAAZ

When going to the toilet ensure that Istinjaa (cleansing after answering the call of nature) is done according to the sunnat method. Similarly, perform wudhu observing all the adaab and in accordance with the sunnat procedure, then present yourself before Allah. On most occasions Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to offer eight rak’ats of tahajjud. Since four rak’ats were already performed during the Esha salaah, observe the rest now (at the time of tahajjud). Thereafter, if Allah grants one the ability, observe the dawazda tasbeeh (the twelve tasbeeh) zikr. This tasbeeh is read in the following manner:

Recite two tasbeehs of laa ilaaha illallah, four tasbeehs of illallah, six tasbeehs of Allahu Allah, and one tasbeeh of only the Name Allah. Make this zikr with the intention of obtaining muhabbate ilahi (love of Allah). When making the tasbeeh of laa ilaaha illallah, add Muhammadur Rasoolullah sallallahu alaihi wasallam every few times.

FAJR NAMAAZ

The Fajr azaan has begun. The reply to this is exactly the same as was stated earlier (under the azaan of Maghrib). However, in reply to the phrase assalaatu hrairum minun nomb one must say saducta wabarakta. After offering the sunnats of Fajr, recite Surah Fatiha with Bismillah forty one times, saying ameen at the end each time. Allah Ta-ala has placed the solution to all our difficulties in this zikr, and it is very effective in combating the evils of the spiritual self. FROM YOUR HOUSE TO THE HOUSE OF ALLAH

Now proceed for the Fajr salaah, leaving the home in the sunnat manner by stepping out with the right foot first, and reading this dua:

While proceeding towards the musjid, recite the Dua-e-nur, as follows:

Upon setting eyes on the musjid, say this dua:

“O Allah! This is your place of worship and your sacred house. Increase its holiness, honour and glory, and grant me the reward for performing namaaz therein.”

Now enter the musjid with total respect. If the sunnats of Fajr were not performed at home then offer them now. Make an effort to sit in the front saff so that people entering afterwards will not be inconvenienced

Offer your Fajr salaah with takbeer-e-ula, and after salaah observe the same mu’mulaat as mentioned on the previous pages. The dua Allahuma ajirnee minan naar will also be added seven times. Make dua asking Allah to save us from the evil of the day that is about to commence, and to grant us the goodness that is therein. Say the following:

ISHRAQ NAMAAZ

If Allah grants one the courage and ability, and there is no urgent need to leave, then remain in the musjid for Ishraq salaah. About ten to fifteen minutes after sunrise one may offer two or four rak’ats Ishraq salaah. Actually the namaaz of Ishraq commences about ten minutes after sunrise, and lasts for two and a half hours. It is stated in the hadeeth shareef that whoever offers two rak’ats Ishraq salaah, in return Allah Ta-ala grants that person the reward of a maqbool hajj and umrah. And whoever offers four rak’ats, (along with the above reward) Allah Ta-ala assumes the responsibility of his entire day’s work, solves all his problems for that day, grants him contentment and peace of mind, and even rectifies those matters that had gone wrong for him.

Upon returning home, attend to your necessary affairs and then leave for work whilst reciting durood shareef, asking good from Allah, and seeking protection from evil.

THE ETIQUETTE OF EARNING HALAAL SUSTENANCE

If you are an employee then execute your work with honesty and trustworthiness. Be punctual and avoid negligence with regard to the hours of work stipulated by the employer. Do not utilize the items of the office or work-place such as the pens, paper, etc., for personal use (unless permission is granted by the employer).

If you have your own business, work with utmost diligence At the shop during business hours totally avoid reading the newspaper, discussing political issues, dissension, joking and futile discussion with friends. Devote your undivided attention to your trade and Insha-Allah there will be a lot of good, blessing and prosperity in your business.

CHASHT NAMAAZ

Chasht Namaaz begins about eleven o clock in the morning. If the musjid is nearby and going there will in no way hamper your work, then offer this namaaz in the musjid. Otherwise perform the four rak’ats of Chasht in the shop. But do it well before zawaal If the opportunity does not arise to perform Chasht salaah at this time of the day then one is allowed to read these four rak’ats after Ishraq namaaz as well.

ZOHAR NAMAAZ

The Sunan of Zawaal and Sunan-e-Muakkadah

The time of Zohar salaah commences after zawaal. Attend the musjid for Zohar salaah with the same adaab and manners discussed previously. If there is enough time before jamaat then offer the four sunnats of zawaal, otherwise perform only the four sunnat-e-muakkadah. The hadeeth shareef states that whoever performs twelve sunnat-e-muakkadah daily, Allah Ta-ala will create for that person a palace in Jannat. These twelve sunan-e-muakkadah are: 2 sunnats of Fair; 4 before Zohar and 2 after; 2 after Maghrib; and 2 after the faraz of Esha.

It is absolutely necessary to pay special attention to these sunnats. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) used to leave out the sunan-e-muakkadah when travelling, but not the two sunnats of fajr salaah; these were never ever omitted. After the Zohar salaah the same practices as mentioned earlier will apply. Besides these though, you may also read one tasbeeh of:

and three tasbeeh of durood shareef i.e. sallallahu alaihi wasallam.

Having done this, attend to your business affairs once more.

ASR NAMAAZ

The sunan-e-ghair muakkadah before Asr namaaz are also very meritorious. Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Allah Ta-ala sends down mercy upon the person who observes the sunnats of Asr.” It is also learnt from another narration that Allah Ta-ala shall make Jannat incumbent for one who regularly observes the sunnats of Asr. Brothers! We should particularly fulfill such deeds for which the promise of intercession and Jannat has been made. Again the same practices that were mentioned, will be observed after the Asr salaah. Yes, one may also recite one tasbeeh of this noble ayat:

Having done this, once again resume business activity, fulfilling the rights of your business or employment with dedication. To do so is among the fara-idh (compulsory duties of Islam). If an employee is instructed by the employer to come back quickly after namaaz, such an employee should read his nafl salaah at home, not during work hours. Similarly, if during office hours lectures or Deeni lessons are conducted in the musjid, the employee should not participate in these gatherings.

RECITATION OF QURAN IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE FIVE DAILY SALAAH

Apart from the practices mentioned thus far, I wish to discuss one or two more items of importance. One is the five surahs that are recited after each of the five salaah. For a hafiz of Quran, this is a very simple affair. Even for a non-hafiz, this should not be too difficult. Do we not read newspapers, magazines and journals? What is so difficult about reading Quran? These five surahs are:

  • After Fajr – Surah Yaseen
  • After Zohar – Surah Fatah
  • After Asr – Surah Naba (Amma)
  • After Maghrib — Surah Waqiah
  • After Esha – Surah Mulk

It appears in the hadeeth that whoever reads these live surahs after each namaaz respectively, will be among the cup-bearers of the Hauz-e-Kowthar. Such a person will be alongside Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam), giving drinks of water to the Ummat.

  • Through the barakat of Yaseen Allah Ta-ala solves all our problems.
  • Through the blessings of Surah Naba He saves us from evils and fitnah (corruption, misguidance)
  • Through the barakat of Surah Fatah Allah grants one great knowledge and wisdom.
  • Through the blessings of Surah Waqiah the business prospers and a situation of poverty and hunger never arises
  • Through the barakat of Surah Mulk He saves us from the punishment of the grave.

Besides the above surahs, what is more important is to maintain regular tilawat of Quran from the beginning to the end. For this fix a time when you are free from other obligations. If one has free time after Fair then commence this form of tilawat after the recitation of Surah Yaseen. Since duas are readily accepted after recitation of The Holy Quran, follow up your tilawat with the masnoon duas of the book munajaat-e-maqbool, (This is a book containing Arabic duas from Quran and Hadeeth. There are seven manzils, one for each day of the week.) which has been divided into seven sections known as manzils to make for convenient reading throughout the week.

Through the Divine assistance of Allah the discussion on the five salaah, along with the devotional practices of our pious elders, has been completed.

ABSTENTION FROM SIN

Now the precautionary measures to adopt, along with the fulfillment of these deeds:

  • Caution regarding the tongue – all fitnah (evil and strife) stems from here.
  • Extreme caution of the eyes.
  • Extreme caution of the ears.
  • Extreme caution of the heart.

When moving into the work-place, or the office, or the school, or amongst the public, you will encounter many different situations. The eyes will observe, the tongue will speak, the ears will hear, and diverse thoughts will flutter through the heart. Hence, constantly take stock of how these four faculties are being utilized. For, the seeker of truth is actually the seeker of The Master (Allah). Constantly review and examine in detail the use of the tongue, the eyes, the ears and the heart. Is there no disobedience of Allah, perhaps, that is emanating from these pathways? Or, for that matter, any major sins? The reason for this is that the tongue also commits zina, as well as the ears, the eyes, and the heart. So, keep a regular check on the usage of these limbs, lest one of these dams bursts, thus causing the entry of a flood of sin.

THE MURAQABAH OF IHSAN

A most wonderful and powerful means of assisting this process of control and check, is a concept termed muraqabah ihsani (contemplation of The Omnipresence of Allah). This entails a constant thought at all times, be it in the business, the work, the educational sphere, or at home among the wife and children, that: ‘My Allah is with me; He is watching me; My Allah is closer to me than even my own soul; He is well aware of my movements (outside) and my staying (indoors); He is even aware of my intentions.’ He states in The Quran:

“He knows the abuse of the eyes, as well as what the breasts conceal.” Therefore take special note of this factor. When will life and spirit come into these devotional practices that have been conveyed to us? Remember, the greater grounding one has in muraqabah ihsani, the more lustre and glitter in the ma’moolat. By Ihsan here is meant an awareness of Allah that has reached the stage of perfection, the stage of acceptance and proximity to Allah. There is a great need for one to have this thought uppermost in the mind for every statement, action, and deed, day in and day out, that, ‘My Allah is watching me; My Allah is close me.’

A STORY:

A buzrug (a wali or saint) once gave each of his mureeds a knife and a pigeon, instructing them to go and slaughter their birds in a place where no one could see. All of them selected some secluded, isolated spot, and fulfilled this order of the Sheikh. Some went into rooms, some into basements, but the one in whose heart the concept of muraqabah ihsani was imbedded, brought back his pigeon alive. The Sheikh demanded from him the reason for not slaughtering his bird. The mureed replied: “Hazrat! I could not find any place where He (Allah Ta-ala) is not present!”

MA’MOOLAT ON THE DAY OF JUMA’AH

These daily ma’moolat (devotional practices) will continue exactly as we have described in the aforegoing pages, whilst thanking Allah for granting us the ability to do so. In the course of these practices, we will face up to the difficulties that come our way with continued sabr (patience). Now arrives the day of Jumu’ah. On Jumu’ah add the following:

  • Recitation of any surah from among the Musabbihat (these are surahs that begin with the words seen baa haa. They are Israa [also called Bani Israeel, 15th para], Hadeed [27th para], Hashr, Saff, Jumu’ah, Tagabun [28th para], and the shortest being A’laa [30th para]) on the night preceding Friday (i.e. Thursday night).
  • Entering the musjid for Jumu’ah namaaz upon the first azaan, and to offer tahiyyatul-musjid.
  • Performance of Salatut-Tasbeeh.
  • Reciting Surah Kahf.
  • Saying the following durood eighty times after Asr: 80 Years Of Forgiveness.

If you pray this Durood every friday after salaatul Asr, 80 times, 80 years of sins will be forgiven inshAllah.

Allahuma Sale A”la Muhammad Al Nabiyal Ummiyee wa A’la alahi wa Salim Taslima

HADITH RECORDED IN TABRANI ON THE AUTHORITY OF ABDULLAH IBN ABBAS

Abu Hurairah Radiallahu anhu reports that the Holy Prophet () said, ��Whoever recites the following Durood eighty times immediately after Asr Salaat on Friday, before standing up from his place, Allah will forgive eighty years of sins and grant him the reward equivalent to eighty years of worship.��

(Allahumma salli alaa muhammadinin nabiyyil ummiyyi wa-ala aalihi wasallim tasleema)

Translation: O Allah bless Muhammad, the unlettered Prophet, and his family and grant them best of peace.

  • The following durood 1000 times: sallallahu alaihi wasallam
  • Dua in earnest before sunset.

THE VIRTUE OF DUROOD SHAREEF

Imam Jalalud-Deen Suyuti rahmatullahi alaihi narrates a hadeeth shareef in his book Sharhus-Sudoor, that says: “One who recites durood one thousand times on a Friday, will most certainly see his abode in Jannat before death.”

A STORY

A buzrug once fell ill, and the illness grew worse all the time. His family members were also experiencing grief that increased with the worsening of his condition. Upon noticing the deepening anxiety of his family, the buzrug said to them: “Look, there is no reason to be so worried. It is not yet time for me to leave this world! I have always maintained the practice of reading a thousand durood every Friday. For this it has been promised that, whosoever will observe this practice shall definitely see his abode in Jannat before death. Since I have not been shown my abode in Jannat, I am not going to die as yet.” One day Allah Ta-ala showed him (in a dream) his place in Jannat (and may Allah Ta-ala grant this to all, ameen). He then addressed his family, saying: “Now brace yourself for my demise. There is not much time left, for Almighty Allah has shown me my dwelling in Jannat.”

The virtues of durood shareef are innumerable.

VERBAL ZIKR

Another amal or practice which will infuse lustre into the other deeds mentioned thus far, is zikr-e-lisani or the verbal recitation of The Name of Allah while sitting, walking, working, lying down, etc. The office-worker or businessman should frequently say the following words:

On the days that one is not at work, continue the above zikr, but add sallallahu alaihi wasallam. One who has reached an old age should maintain the recitation of mainly durood shareef at all times.

Through the barakat (blessings) of durood Shareef and making tilawat from the Holy Quran (i.e looking into the Quran and reading), the senses and intellect of a Muslim never diminish or decline. Instead, the foresight, experience and intellectual faculties of such a person remain firmly intact. We have observed that towards the latter part of his life our Hazrat wala (Hazrat Moulana Maseehul-Ummat rahmatullahi alaihi) had one wierd (fixed form of zikr) continuously, and that was this very durood shareef. He also said that the old and terminally ill, or those continuously occupied, as well as that salik (one traversing the spiritual path) who has gone through the stages of sulook (the path of spiritualism), should spend their free time in constant durood shareef. He who maintains the wierd of durood Shareef develops a special contact and spiritual link with The Holy Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). However, a strict condition for this is following the sunnat and adopting taqwa.

A PRICELESS REMEDY

To bring a change into your life remember this secret to success:

The hadeeth states that every week records of the ummat’s deeds are presented to Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). So keep this thought constantly in mind: Is there anything in my book of a’maal which will make the heart of Rasoolullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) happy? To reverse the evil trend of one’s nature and soul, and to bring oneself towards obedience, this contemplation is indeed an effective remedy.

CONCLUSION

My dear friends! Through the Divine Aid of Allah the twenty four hour daily a’maal, all of which are narrated from the Sunnah, have been explained in sequence. Furthermore, those practices which add life and vigour to these a’maal were also explained through The Grace of Allah. Al-hamdu-lillah, this entire explanation answers the question that Allah Ta-ala put into my heart during the course of salaah. Insha-Allah through these noble deeds every Muslim shall be granted that “pure life” (i.e. hayate-tayyibah). May Almighty Allah grant us all the appreciation of these masnoon a’maal, and the special favour of practicing on these deeds.

THE KEY TO SUCCESS

Make it incumbent upon yourself to follow the sunnat and to adopt taqwa. Without this, success is unattainable. You may recite thousands of wazeefas, but your tongue is uncontrollable; you are unable to abstain from looking at a non-mahram woman; you do not possess the ability to distinguish between halaal and haraam; when this is the case, all these forms of zikr and wazeefah are useless. If you really want to make something worthwhile of zikr and wazeefah, and you genuinely wish to benefit from these a’maal, it is a necessary condition by Almighty Allah that you submit to the sunnat of the beloved. (Allah says) follow My Beloved (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) and adopt taqwa, i.e. fear Me. Without this one cannot achieve anything. If ittiba’e-sunnat (following the life of Rasoolullah – sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is found in a person, as well as taqwa, and there is a deficiency or weakness in the mustahab acts, Allah will overlook these minor shortcomings.

May Allah Ta-ala confer upon us the ability to practice – ameen.

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Close the door of sins with Isti-aathah (i.e. reciting Ta-awwuth), and with Bismillaah open the door of worship.”

Aspiring to be a Stranger

  1. Ibn ‘Umar reported that,‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) took hold of me and said, “Ibn ‘Umar: be in this world like a stranger or somebody passing on his way; and count yourself amongst the inhabitants of the grave.’”
    Ibn ‘Umar said, ‘So when you awake do not expect to be alive by nightfall. When you go to sleep do not expect to be alive by morning. Take benefit of your health before your frailness and from your life before your death. Servant of Allah, what will your name be tomorrow?’5
  2. Ibn ‘Umar reported that, ‘The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) grabbed me by my shin or took hold of me and said, ‘“Abdullah: be in this world like a stranger and count yourself amongst the inhabitants of the grave.’”
    Mujahid said, “Abdullah said to me, “When you awake do not expect to be alive by nightfall. When you go to sleep do not expect to be alive by morning.Take from this world that which would aid your Hereafter.’”
    5 Bukhari #6416. The meaning is not that his name will change, but will he be called by the title ‘Miserable’ or ‘Happy.’ Cf. Ibn Hajr, Fath, vol. 11, p. 235.
  3. Ibn TJmar reported that, ‘The Messenger of Allah|(ﷺ) took hold of me and said, “Worship Allah as if you see Him and be in this world like someone passing on his way.”’
    Abu Bakr (Abdullah ibn Humayd quoted me the following lines of poetry,
    O heedless one sitting in the shade of joy and pleasure!
    Travel through this world as a stranger!
    Ever count your soul amongst those already deceased.
    Shun this world and cling not to this Abode of Deceit.
    If someone were to ask what the meaning of his|(ﷺ) saying, “Be in this world like a stranger or somebody passing on his way” was, we would say in reply, and Allah knows best:
    This is a reference to someone who is resident, someone whom Allah, Mighty and Magnificent, has blessed with wealth and children that greatly please him. He has a beautiful wife, a large house, nice clothes and good food to eat. While in this state, it so happens that he must undertake a journey and he does so, this journey stretches on and on and he loses all that he previously used to take delight in and ends up a stranger in a strange land. He feels the bite of loneliness and desolation in this land and is subjugated to humiliation and weakness. He ardently desires to return to his city and so renews his journey with the single goal of completing it; the food he takes is the minimum that would sustain him and the clothes he takes are such as would suffice to cover him properly. Therefore the most he takes with him is his bag of provisions and water bottle such as would allow him to endure the hardship of the journey; all the while his heart is longing for the joy that lies in store for him when he finally returns. He bears any harm he faces and meets hardship and tribulation with patience. By night he sleeps in valleys and by day he takes his siesta in any mountain crevice or under a tree, on the bare earth. Whenever he sees something he desires, he does not allow himself to be allured by it, instead exhorting his soul to patience and reminding it that all the delight it desires lies waiting at his destination. When the journey becomes straitened he cries in anxiety and lets out deep apprehensive sighs only to swallow them when taking lesson from his state. He does not behave coarsely to one who is coarse to him, he does not take retribution against those who harm him, he does not pay attention to those who behave ignorandy with him, all the affairs of this world have become insignificant to him, his only care being to reach his destination. It is said to the intelligent Muslim who desires the Hereafter and detests this world: be in this world like this stranger who only looks to this world for that which will suffice him and leaves plenitude and luxury. When you do this, truly will you be a stranger, someone who is but passing on his way, someone who desires the Hereafter and looks down on this world. If you do this, you will see the praiseworthy outcome of your bearing with patience all the hardship and adversity of your journey. Allah knows best. Whoever wishes to attain the levels of the strangers, let him bear with patience the harm he will meet from his parents, his wife, his brothers and relatives. If one were to ask, ‘How can they harm me seeing as I am beloved to them and they to me?’ It is said in reply:
    You have opposed them in their love of this world and their great desire for it. They, in order to attain this world, do not care what they lose of their religion; if you follow them in this, they will love you; if you oppose them and instead traverse the path to the Hereafter by following the truth, they will behave coarsely towards you. Your parents will be pained and angry at your actions, your wife will vexed at you and seek separation, and your brothers and relatives will rarely meet you. You will be, amongst them, saddened and disturbed, and it is then that you will look at yourself with the eye of a stranger and you will understand the circumstances of all strangers like yourself, you will feel isolated from your brothers and relatives, and you will find yourself alone traversing the path to Allah, the Noble. Be patient for just a few days, bear the ignominy of this world for a few minutes, partake scarcely of this lowly life, you will find that this leads you to the Abode of well-being, its land is pure, its gardens resplendent, its fruits bountiful and its rivers sweet; therein will you have all the soul desires and all the eye takes delight in, therein will you abide for eternity.

يُسْقَوْنَ مِنْ رَحِيقٍ مَخْتُومٍ

خِتَامُهُ مِسْكٌ ۚ وَفِي ذَٰلِكَ فَلْيَتَنَافَسِ الْمُتَنَافِسُونَ

وَمِزَاجُهُ مِنْ تَسْنِيمٍ

عَيْنًا يَشْرَبُ بِهَا الْمُقَرَّبُونَ


  • “They are given the choicest sealed wine to drink, whose seal is musk – let people with aspiration aspire to that! – mixed with tasnim: a fountain at which those brought near will drink.”5
    5 al-Mutaffifin (83): 25-28

  • Goblets filled with a drink from an overflowing spring will be circulated amongst them,
    “…it does not give them any headache nor does it leave them stupefied. And any fruit they specify and any bird-meat they desire; and dark-eyed maidens like hidden pearls – as recompense for what they did.”6
    Muhammad ibn Mu(awiyah al-Sufi reports that a man from amongst the inhabitants of Khurasan told him that,‘Allah, Mighty
    and Magnificent, revealed to one of the Prophets, “If you wish to meet Me in the Holy Realm, bein this world despondent and alone, like a lone bird flying in bleak regions of the earth, eating off trees and sleeping in its nest.”’
    6 al-Wdqi’ah (56): 19-24
  • taken from:

The JOURNEY of the STRANGERS
being a translation of his Kashfu’l-Kurbah fi Wasfi Halt Ahli’l-Ghurbah


ISLAHUL KHIYAL

Islahul Khiyal

INTRODUCTION

Islahul Khiyal (Correction of Thoughts) has been compiled by Hakimul Ummat Hadhrat Maulana Ashraf Ali Thanvi (Rahmatullah alayh). This short compilation consisting of some correspondence between two relatives and a letter of a Shaikh to some of his Mureedeen who were adversely influenced by westernism, answers many baseless doubts created by westernism in the minds of Muslims who pursue western education. May Allah Ta’ala accept this humble effort and make it a means for eliminating the doubts of kufr which befuddle the minds of many Muslims nowadays.

PREFACE

Someone wrote to his relative a letter counselling (giving naseehat – Deeni advice) him with regard to obedience to the Shariah in matters of a’mal (righteous deeds) and the adoption of an Islamic appearance. Being strongly influenced by modern western concepts, the relative entertained some doubts and uncertainties in regard to the naseehat offered. This person wrote a reply in an endeavour to dispel his relative’s doubts and misgivings.

Since many people, under the impact of western modernity, are confronted with similar doubts, it has been felt that publication of these letters will be in the Deeni interests of the general Muslim public. Thus, the doubts and their answers are presented here in book-form which is named ISLAHUL KHIYAL (Correction of Thoughts).

In addition a Shaikh-e-Kamil  once wrote to some friends influenced by modern ideas, a letter of profound naseehat (Islamic Advice). However, the opportunity for despatching the letter did not arise. Some persons had copies of this letter. Since the subject matter of this letter pertains to our discussion, it is appropriate to include it at the end of this compilation.

Muhammad Ashraf Ali

THE DOUBTS

The conception of Islam which the Ulama of Hindustan entertain of the Shariat and their peculiar way of following it are, in my opinion, not of the making of Islam. By changing circumstances of time and by the Will of Allah, the British acquired domination over the land of Hindustan.

A glance at the history of the time when Muslim rule was first established in Hindustan will reveal that the general condition of other nations was worse than that of the Muslims.

For example, in England, the test of boiling water was used to establish the guilt or innocence of a suspected criminal. It was believed that the hand of an innocent person will not be scalded in this test. People were burnt alive at the stake. Comparatively speaking, the Arab nation (i.e. the pre-Islam Arabs) of that age was not lagging behind others. It was a nation on equal footing with other nations of the time. Islam came and reformed the Arabs during an epoch when other nations too were equal in degradation.

Islam imparted to them the lesson of Tauheed. Within a short while a new nation arose. With sword in hand, nation after nation was conquered by Muslims in the wake of Islam’s onward advance. Asia and a large section of Europe came under Arab domination.

Divine Aid and victory are confirmed by the Qur’an and Hadith. There can, therefore, be no denial of the fact that Divine Aid is available for a nation which has imbued in it the ability to follow the Laws of Allah. This fact is evidenced by the grand empire established by the Muslims. Its example cannot be found in history.

After the age of the Khulafa-e-Rashideen, mutual conflict developed among Muslims. The shameful episode of Karbala was enacted by the hands of Muslims. Until Qiyamah, Muslims will regret this event. The signs of the decline of the Muslim empire were thus initiated. However, since there existed no dominant civilized nation at the time, Muslims enjoyed peace in the lands they conquered. Later, conquest of lands had come to a halt and the empire was consolidated. In spite of this, the signs of Muslim decline were on the increase by the day. While living in peace and prosperity, Muslims failed to secure themselves against future attacks by other nations.

Islahul Khiyal

http://www.moonmodule.com/cs/ccm_v1.swf

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MISC. WOMEN’S ISSUES

VARIOUS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS RELATED TO WOMEN FROM THE MAJLIS VOL 25 NO 10

Q. Is it permissible for a wife to take a job outside the home? Can the husband prevent her?
A. It is not permissible for the wife to take a job outside the home even with the permission
of the husband. It is not permissible for her to do any work even from home without the
permission of her husband. The maintenance is the responsibility of the husband. If he provides the maintenance, and he refuses permission for his wife to work and earn even from home, then it will not be permissible for her to undertake any job even from within the precincts of the home. The husband is under Shar’i obligation to prohibit and prevent his wife from leaving the house to work or to participate in any kind of function.

Q. My husband works in an office among females who are immodestly dressed. He says that he keeps his eyes cast down. He also says that Muslim doctors and even Ulama work with women. What is the Shariah’s law in this regard?
A. The doctors and even Ulama who do not observe proper Hijaab and who work with women are not the Shariah. Their activities and their mingling with women in their professions and occupations may not be presented as a valid basis. The only basis is the Shariah, not the practices of people even if they are great Ulama. If their practices are in conflict with the Shariah, it will remain haraam and not become halaal because they happen to be ‘great’ Ulama. It is not proper and not permissible for a Muslim male doctor to attend to female patients. He should divert them to female doctors. Only if there is a valid reason upheld by the Shariah may a male doctor attend to a female and vice versa. There are numerous non-Muslim female
doctors who can handle Muslim female patients. A Muslim doctor is not supposed to work in a hospital where he has to incumbently interact with females. Thus, their actions are not Islamic proofs for permissibility.
Your husband should himself make a sincere attempt to work elsewhere where he will not be in the company of women. He is bound to fall into the pit of zina. Shaitaan and the Nafs are deceiving him.


Q. Is it permissible to donate human milk?
A. Human breast milk is haraam. Breast milk is only halaal for under two year old infants. Donating or selling human milk or any part of the human body is haraam.

Q. Will a woman be a faasiq if she does not wear niqaab?
A. A woman who does not wear Niqaab in public is worse than a faasiqah. She is a faajirah (immoral).

Q. Will the wife be disobedient if she refuses to submit to her husband’s demand for oral sex?
A. The one who makes such a filthy satanic demand is worse than a pig. Oral or shaitaan sex is haraam. The wife should not submit to the swine-filth of the husband. She will not be disobedient. She is under Shar’i obligation to refuse the haraam instructions and haraam lusts of her husband. How can a human being who is termed Ashraful Makhluqaat (The Noblest of Creation) descend into such depths of swine-inequity?

Q. Is marriage to a Salafi girl valid?
A. Marriage with a Salafi girl is valid just as marriage with a Muslim prostitute is valid. However, such a marriage will be full of misery, hence inadvisable. There will be no compatibility and the marriage is likely
to break down and end in divorce. The Deeni differences and conflicts between Salafis and the Muqallideen of the Math-habs constitute an unbridgeable chasm.

Q. Does the period of breastfeeding differ for boys and girls?
A. The period of breastfeeding is two years for both boys and girls.


Q. My mother is extremely sick and complains a lot. What advice can I give her?
A. Be of service to her to the best of your ability. Tell her that it comes in the Hadith that sickness is a purifier. It cleanses us from all our sins provided that we do not complain. Complaining will not cure the sickness. On the contrary the sickness will become worse. Sickness is also a ni’mat (favour) of Allah Ta’ala. He purifies us here on earth with sicknesses and other difficulties so that we can enter Jannat fully purified. Advise your mother to keep her tongue constantly engaged in Thikrullaah. Maut can come at any moment. Therefore, the tongue should always be engaged in some Thikr to ensure departure from this dunya with
the Kalimah on the tongue.


Q. Is imitation jewellery permissible?
A. Imitation jewellery is permissible for women except rings. Rings must be of either gold or silver.

Q. Is it proper for a man to marry a second wife only for the sake of his lust?
A. Allah Ta’ala permits a man to marry four women. As far as ‘lust’ is concerned, everyone marries to satisfy his/her lust. The primary motive for marrying even one wife is to gratify lust. Initially people marry only to satisfy lust even if only one wife is taken. Allah Ta’ala has created lust in people, hence He is aware that men require more than one wife to satisfy their lust lawfully. Never voice yourself against any Law of Allah Ta’ala. Recite Istighfaar and make Taubah.


Q. Why is it not permissible for women to attend walimahs. During the time of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam), they would go to walimahs.
A. Just as it is not permissible for women to attend the Musjid even if there are separate entrances, so too is it forbidden for women to attend ‘walimahs’ nowadays. Furthermore, the ‘walimahs’ nowadays are farcical and bid’ah. In fact, it is not permissible for even men to attend the reception organized by the girl’s parents on the day of the Nikah. Such a reception is not the walimah. Women used to attend the Musjid for Salaat during the age of Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam). However, this was unanimously banned later by the Sahaabah.
The same applies to walimahs and to all other merrymaking functions.

Q. How many holes may a lady pierce in her ears?
A. A lady may pierce her ears only with one hole in each ear. More than one is the style of the kuffaar.

Q. My husband has cheated on me. He has struck up adulterous relationships. My heart is broken. I don’t know what to do. My health is suffering. I want to run away. Please give me some advice.
A. Countless women are undergoing the same heart-breaking problems. When men lack Taqwa, they conduct themselves like atheists. They really do not believe that Allah Ta’ala is seeing them and that the Recording
Angels are writing their misdeeds. However, do understand well that your broken heart is a wonderful treasure by Allah Ta’ala. Allah Ta’ala, in His Own Words, said to Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam):
“I am with every broken heart.” Your grief will not be in vain. You will receive immense rewards for patiently bearing the grief. Focus more on Allah Ta’ala. Do not ruin your health on account of the shenanigans of your husband. Maintain your health and use it to gain nearness to Allah Ta’ala. Increase ibaadat. Life on earth is short. It is full of trials. May Allah Ta’ala grant you strength and steadfastness on the Deen. May Allah Ta’ala guide your husband and protect you.

Q. A man has two wives. The one wife lives with him while the other wife lives in her own house about 100 kilometres away. This wife demands equal nights. What is the Shariah’s rule?
A. In the scenario mentioned by you, if the wife who lives 100 kilometres away desires equal nights, then she has to reside in a house procured for her by her husband in the town where he lives. She cannot demand equal nights living in her own house 100 km from her husband.

Q. I do not allow my children to visit their grandparents – my parents and my wife’s parents.
They have televisions, and in general they do not observe the rules of the Shariah such as purdah, mushtabah / haraam food, etc. They are accusing me of breaking family ties. Am I breaking family ties?
A. In fact, it is not permissible to send your children to relatives who are not strict on the Deen. Refraining from sending the children does not mean that you are severing family ties. It is the Waajib obligation of parents to ensure that the Akhlaaq of their children are not compromised by relatives. Nowadays, the safest is to stay at home, and not to visit even relatives. We are trapped in an era of fitnah and fasaad. A home where the Deen is observed is a holy sanctuary visited by the Malaaikah of Rahmat. On the other hand, houses such as the homes of your parents are haunts for the shayaateen. These people lack the haziest idea of the meaning of family ties and what constitutes disruption of breaking of family ties. Furthermore, it is haraam to uphold
‘family ties’ when in conflict with the Shariah.

Q. Is there a special thikr or amal for anxiety and depression? When my evil past comes to mind, I develop anxiety and go into depression.
A. When anxiety develops, do not brood on the past. Do not entertain the thought which is the cause for the anxiety. Instead, lapse into Thikrullah. Perform two raka’ts Nafl and engage in Thikrullah. Shaitaan tries to derail a person by causing anxiety in this manner. A Mu’min equipped with the weapon of Thikr does not suffer depression. Anxiety is an assault of shaitaan, and its antidote is Thikrullah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said: “Shaitaan sits glued on the heart of man. When he (man) makes thikr, shaitaan
flees. When he (man) is oblivious (ghaafil), shaitaan casts his waswasah.”

Q. I have found out that my husband is conducting relationships with women via his cell phone. He refuses to give me the password. What should I do?
A. 99% of the men of this age, including molvis and sheikhs, are involved in cellphone zina and pornography. There is nothing you will be able to do in these circumstances. Men and women are drowning in deluges of moral filth – zina and porno – of the cellphone. Little children are also addicted to this device of shaitaan. The
entire Ummah across the board, is buffeted madly in this whirlpool of cellphone filth. People no longer have Imaan. They have become atheists. They are in entirety bereft of any concept of Allah’s Omnipresence. They
have become munaafiqs. Whilst they blabber with their mouths about the Recording Angels, they sin flagrantly in front of these Malaaikah and with Allah Ta’ala looking at them. But since they do not really believe in the Presence of Allah Ta’ala and His Malaaikah, they sin recklessly. You can only constantly offer good advice to your husband and adopt Sabr. If you are unable to bear his evil abuse with patience then your marriage will end. Thus, your choice is between Sabr and Talaaq.
Q. The separation between a husband and wife was in terms of Khula’. Is it correct that the Iddat of this woman is 30 days?
A. The Iddat of a woman whether separated by Talaaq or Khula is the same. It is three haidh periods if not pregnant. If pregnant, it ends with the delivery of the child.