PATHOLOGY AND HUMAN TISSUE

Q. Is it permissible to work as a surgical pathologist? Surgical pathology is the study of tissues removed from living patients during surgery to help diag-nose a disease and de-termine a treatment plan. Is the income ha-laal?
A. Islam prohibits de-riving any use from human organs, human parts or tissue in the same way as it prohib-its use from any pig parts regardless of the benefits.
The benefits are not denied. In fact, along with confirming the benefits of liquor and gambling, the Qur‟aan Majeed prohibits the-se evils. So while pa-thology has many ben-efits, the use of human organs/tissue is not permissible. The Sha-riah prescribes burial for any human part even nails and hair.
It is not permissible to indulge in the study involving human or-gans/tissue. The in-come will not be per-missible. We have been sent into this dunya by Allah Ta‟ala for a very brief sojourn to pre-pare ourselves for His Meeting and for our everlasting stay in Jannat. In this world there will always be conflicts between the demands of Allah‟s Shariah and the de-sires of the nafs. This world is the arena for this tussle. Imaan is tested, developed or ruined here in this transitory worldly abode.
The Mu‟min believes that his Rizq is prede-termined, and it will reach him regardless of what he does or does not. In a conflict the devil is always pre-sent. He scares us with poverty if we adhere to the Shariah by abandoning haraam. This is the test for our Imaan.

DOES MARRIAGE INCREASE ONE’S RIZQ (SUSTENANCE)?

Question

A person complained to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that he is suffering from poverty. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) advised him to get married.

Is this authentic?
Answer

Hafiz Khatib Al Baghdadi (rahimahullah) has recorded this incident in his Tarikh with a very weak chain.

(Tarikh Baghdad, vol. 2 pg. 233/234. Mizanul I’tidal, vol. 2 pg. 148 – 3116-)

However, there are numerous verses of The Holy Quran and Hadiths which prove that nikah does increase sustenance, among them are the following:

1) Allah Ta’ala Mentions:

“Get the unmarried ones among you married, as well as the righteous slave men and slave women. If they are poor, Allah will make them independent by his grace”

(Surah Nur, verse: 32)

Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) under the commentary of this verse would say:

“Allah Ta’ala commanded and encouraged them to get married, and he promised them wealth”

Similar statements have also been reported from Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As Siddiq and Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah ibn Mas’ud (radiyallahu ‘anhuma)

(Refer: Tafsir Ibn Abi Hatim, Tafsir Ibn Kathir and Ad Durrul Manthur, Surah Nur, verse 32)

2) Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah (radiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“There are three types of people whom it is a right upon Allah to help and assist, The Mujahid in the path of Allah, The Mukatab [a slave paying for his freedom] who intends to pay and the one who makes nikah intending chastity”

(Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith: 1655, Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith: 2518 – Declared sound (hasan) by Imam Tirmidhi and authentic (sahih) by Imam Ibn Hibban; Al Ihsan, Hadith: 4030)

3) Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbas (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) reports that (Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Seek for sustenance in nikah”

(Daylami with a weak chain. Refer: Al Maqasidul Hasanah, pg. 82, Hadith: 162)

4) Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al Khattab (radiyallahu ‘anhu) would say:

“I am surprised at the person who does not search for wealth by means of marriage, whereas Allah Ta’ala has stated “If they are poor, Allah will make them independent by his grace”

(‘Abdur Razzaq, Refer: Al Maqasidul Hasanah, pg. 83, Hadith: 162)

5) Nabi (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Marry women, for verily they will bring wealth” [through the blessing of nikah]

(Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Hadith: 16161, mursalan- مرسلا- , with a reliable chain)

And Allah Ta’ala Knows best.

Answered by: Moulana Suhail Motala

Approved by: Moulana Muhammad Abasoomar

Checked by: Moulana Haroon Abasoomar

TOURISM AND ISLAM

Tourism and Islam

INTRODUCTION
THE UMRAH TRIP
The Ramadan eve annual Umrah trip is the latest fad to catch the eyes of the Muslim elites. Thanks to the advancement of modern travel and easy availability of foreign exchange, the traffic to the Holy Land has increased manifold since the dawn of the 90’s. Notwithstanding the steep increase in airfares and hotel accommodation, some people have made such trips an annual ritual. The elite suburbs are agog with talk of who made how many umrahs.

Undoubtedly, visiting the house of Allah and performing the minor haj are excellent acts of virtue. No sane person can deny their virtues. But after performing these acts of worship once, if there are other more urgent requirements in the Muslim community, they should enjoy priority. One can soothe one’s conscience by saying how much of reward one is achieving by performing Umrah after Umrah, but if sincerity is absent, our acts of worship will be bereft of all reward. We must not shirk from drawing attention towards false notions of religiosity that inspire some Muslims to perform pilgrimages time and again.

Repentance and seeking forgiveness are indeed the hallmark of a concerned Muslim. If genuinely sought, Allah’s blessings are not denied even to the worst sinner. Sultan Salahuddin, Allamah Iqbal, Tippu Sultan, Aurangzeb and several other luminaries of Islamic history did not perform even the obligatory haj despite a burning desire for it. Their pre-occupations with administration, expansion or the conquest of Baitul Maqdis in the case of Salahuddin did not permit them to carry out the Fardh act, let alone making it a ritual.

Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) is reported to have warned his companions of a time in future when the Muslim elite would come to the Holy Places as part of a pastime, people of average means would visit for the purpose of trade, while the poor would utilize the opportunity for begging. The statement carries tacit discouragement for turning visits to holy places into a periodic ritual. If indeed this is the case, all of us must express concern at the fulfilment of this prophecy. Let not our instincts of deriving pleasure be camouflaged by such religious zeal that is without sanction from Islam. Having concern for our Muslim brothers and sisters in all parts of the world in the form of financial assistance and da’wah to revive the flagging Iman will carry infinitely superior rewards and are exceptionally greater priorities.

Published by:
Madrasah Arabia Islamic – Azaadville – South Africa
E Mail: darululum@webmail.co.za

COMMENT
While in general we are in agreement with the view expressed by Madrasah Arabia Islamia of Azaadville, and which view we shall, Insha-Allah, be emphasizing in the ensuing pages, there is a need to comment on their statement:

“Sultan Salahuddin, Allamah Iqbal, Tippu Sultan, Aurangzeb and several other luminaries of Islamic history did not perform even the obligatory haj despite a burning desire for it. Their pre-occupations with administration, expansion or the conquest of Baitul Maqdis in the case of Salahuddin did not permit them to carry out the Fardh act, let alone making it a ritual.”
The subject under discussion is Tourism and Islam. Its permissibility or impermissibility is governed by Shar’i dalaa-il, not by the actions of luminaries whose deeds do not constitute such dalaa-il. The luminaries listed above, with the exclusion of Iqbal, were undoubtedly noble Islamic personalities. But their actions do not constitute daleel in the Shariah. In their opinion, due to their commitments, etc., Hajj was not Fardh on them, hence they did not undertake the sacred journey to Makkah Mukarramah.

TOURISM AND ISLAM_booklet

MUSLIM WORKING FOR KUFFAAR

Q. A non-Muslim company deals considerably in riba and other haraam dealings. Is it permissible for a Muslim to work in such a company if he will not be participating in any of the haraam activities of the company?
A. Working for the kuffaar in even a halaal capacity is Makrooh and not permissible.
This is the Fatwa of the Fuqaha of the Salafus Saaliheen who were the authorities of the Shariah. However, to-day millions of Muslims have humiliated themselves by working under kuffaar. As far as possible, a Muslim should not work for a non-Muslim even if everything in the business is of a permissible kind. But, the reality is that it is not possible for a non-Muslim business to be free of haraam transactions.

RIZQ OF THE ULAMA

My father [Maulana Yahya Kandhalvi Rahimullah] said: “May Allah bless our mother Hadhrat Aisha (Radhiallahu Anha). She punished our Ulama but did the Ummat a great favor, when she made this dua: “O Allah, make the rizq (sustenance) of the Ulama to be earned in a distressed and wretched state.”

If we Molvis had all been in a good financial positions, we would not have talked to anyone without pride and arrogance. It is because of the collections of the Madressas where there is a need to practically beg of all and sundry, even evil-doers, immoral ones and clean-shaven ones, that we retain our humility.

[Maulana Zakariya Kandhalvi Rahmatullah alaihy in Aap Beti Part V, p. 547]