TESTS

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Almighty Allah says,
Do the people think that they will be left to say, “We believe” and they will not be tried? But We have certainly tried those before them, and Allah will surely make evident those who are truthful, and He will surely make evident the liars. (Al-`Ankabut 29:2-3)
And We will surely test you until We make evident those who strive among you [for the cause of Allah ] and the patient, and We will test your affairs. (Muhammad 47:31)
Life is the field of tests. Everything in this life is a test for you; your work, properties, couple, children, health or sickness, poorness or richness, occupancy or leisure, etc. is a means of testing. Almighty Allah has made this temporary life as an introduction to the eternal life after death. The latter one is contingent on the former, which is already a field of tests. If you succeed to pass these tests, you will enjoy a pleasant life and if you fail, it is, unfortunately hell or otherwise God may forgive. This is simply the straight equation of this life.
Almighty God has created man for an ultimate goal, namely to worship God, in the broad meaning of worship. God has promised those who bravely fulfill this goal and overcome the obstacles that obstruct their way that they will remain in eternal bliss in the heavens. However, those who are trapped in the snares of Satan and take the other way of misguidance, they are in fact heading fast towards the hell. A paradise-seeker should know that paradise is invaluable and its way is fraught with many hindrances, such as the evil desires, Satan, plots of wrongdoers and prohibited matters. These things are embellished by Satan and one’s fancy in addition to the cost of leading a God-pleasing way of life which involves a straight lifestyle in which one’s freedom to act is limited by the commands and prohibitions of God, which is the core of the meaning of the tests of life.

COLOUR-CODED

QUR’AAN

A new fad called ‘Colour Coded Qur’aan’ has been introduced in some quarters. Looking at a copy of such a colour-Qur’aan, o­ne is appalled at the degree of defilement of the sacred Qur’aanic text. The whole Qur’aan is messed with a variety of colours in which different words have been shaded.

The misguided inventors of this silly fad have failed to understand the notriety of their act. A fad has been introduced for commercial purposes using the glorious Qur’aan Majeed—the noblest and the most sacred of Allah’s Scriptures. The mess of colours defacing the Qur’aan Majeed is an act of defilement of Allah’s Book. In the misconception of the originators of this sacrilege, the frivolous method of dumb ‘tajweed’ which the colours purport to teach, is the best method for teaching Tajweed. This misconception implies that the method and system of teaching Tajweed which Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) had imparted to the Sahaabah is obsolete — that it has outlived its utility, hence the need for the ludicrous methods of western kindergarten schools.

TAJWEED

It should be borne in mind that Tajweed is a sacred branch of Shar’i Uloom. It is directly associated with the Qur’aan Majeed. It is a branch of Ilm which has attained its highest state of perfection in the very time of Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Jibraeel (alayhis salaam) taught Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) the way of Qur’aan Tilaawat with Tajweed. Rasulullah (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) passed o­n this Ilm and the method to his Sahaabah who in turn produced the greatest Qurraa (plural of Qaari) the world has ever seen. Until the Day of Qiyaamah no o­ne can hope to supersede and surpass the standard and degree of excellence and perfection in Tajweed and Qira’at which the great Qurraa among the Sahaabah had achieved.

The illustrious Imaams of Qira’at among the Sahaabah disseminated this Ilm and its methods of ta’leeem to the Taabieen who in turn transmited it o­n to their Students and so o­n until it reached the Ummah in every epoch down the long corridor of Islam’s 14 century history. Every age produced illustrious Aimmah and Qurraa in this Branch of Ilm.

It is the height of absurdity and perfidy to even suggest that the stupid colour-code method introduced by non-entities for monetary gain can come anywhere near to the Methods of teaching Tajweed in the Khairul Quroon era. To suggest that this ‘colour-code’ method of defiling the Qur’aanic text supersedes the Methods of the illustrious Sahaabah, Taabieen and Tabe Taabieen is tantamount to kufr. In this belated age some silly ‘wiseman’ thought it smart to mess up the Qur’aanic text and defile the Sacred Scripture of Allah Ta’ala with a variety of colours used primarily to amuse kindergarten kids.

NO BETTER METHOD

There is no better method nor will there ever be a better method of teaching Tajweed than the method which the Ummah has inherited from the illustrious Authorities of the Khairul Quroon era. It is not permissible to displace the holy Method of Islam with this or any other new-fangled method. The ‘colour-coded’ method is indeed ridiculous. Anyone accepting this fad and sacrilegious method at the cost of abandoning the study of Tajweed, will be falling from the sublime to the ridiculous.

NOT PERMISSIBLE

It is not permissible to adopt this method as an aid to recite the Qur’aan Majeed. It is not permissible to defile the holy text of the Qur’aan Majeed with this type of silly interpolation. It is not permissible to buy and sell such Qur’aan copies. The o­nly correct and valid method of acquiring the Ilm of Tajweed is to study it in the way the Ummah has been studying it for the past fourteen centuries. Tajweed, like all the other branches of Deeni Uloom, are not mundane pieces of equipment which are upgraded constantly and which are rendered obsolete when a better version is invented.

DECLINE

While there is and will always be advancement in technology and mundane sciences, there cannever be such advancement in the Branches of Shar’i Uloom. o­n the contrary, the closer Qiyaamah approaches, the more deterioration sets in. Standards in Ilm and Taqwa are o­n the decline, not o­n the advance.

Just as everything else, including the Hajj, is heavily commercialized in this age, so too is the sacred Text of the Qur’aan Majeed being commercialised. The greed of the publishers of this corruption is conspicuously displayed by their registration of copyrights. If they had a true understanding of Ilm and a true feeling for the Qur’aan Majeed, they would never have stooped to the extremely low moral ebb of preventing others from distributing and disseminating Qur’aanic knowledge and methods of ta’leem.

Although the stupid colour-code method is not a valid method of Tajweed, nevertheless, in the minds of its inventors it is the best ever method. So, if they are sincere and they have the Goals of the Qur’aan in mind, and if they understand who had revealed the Qur’aan and to whom, and why, then never would they have scraped the bottom of the barrel in miserliness and worldliness by debarring others from aiding in the process of dissemination of Qur’aanic knowledge. But since the whole exercise is nothing but the effect of worldliness and the desire for monetary gain, it has become imperative for them to resort to kuffaar strategems of law to prevent other Muslims from publishing and distributing this silly colour-code method which has truly defiled the Sacred Text.

Muslims should not be so prone to gullibility to fall in every trap which shaitaan sets to divert from the ways, methods and styles of the Salf-e-Saaliheen. Remember that along with a method comes the attitudes and effects of its founders and originators. By the same token, when a Sacred Method is abandoned, the roohaani (spiritual) effects which grace such a holy Method are also lost. Thus, there is a world of difference teaching the Qur’aan Majeed sitting o­n the floor in humility and teaching it in kuffaar style sitting o­n benches in the way in which they do at kuffaar schools. Some so-called ’Islamic’ schools too have incorporated the style of the kuffaar to teach the Qur’aan. In these methods of the kuffaar which displace the Methods of the Salf-e-Saaliheen there is no goodness. Such ways destroy whatever little spirituality there may still be. May Allah Ta’ala open up the minds and eyes of Muslims to see and understand the harms and ruin in new-fangled methods which displace the Methods of the illustrious Pious Predecessors who were all the Students of the Sahaabah or the Students of their Students.

Last Updated on Thursday, 30 September 2010 20:10

THE MUSJID- TALK AND LAUGHTER

Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said:
“Laughing in the Musjid will be zulmat (darkness) in the grave.”
“Conversation in the Musjid devours good deeds just as cattle devour grass.”
Numerous among the Ulama and the Tabligh Jamaat are lamentably oblivious of the prohibition of conversing and laughing inside the Musjid. At times their talk is so loud as to be a befitting sign of Qiyaamah.
Rasulullah (Sallallahu alayhi wasallam) said that among the signs of Qiyaamah is that “voices will become loud in the Musaajid.”
The worst culprits in this misdeed are the so called people of piety –
molvis and tableeghis.
Even whilst the Athaan is being proclaimed, they continue private discussions right inside the Musjid.

Laughter and worldly talk are sacrilegious inside the Musjid.
When even reciting the Qur’aan Majeed loudly in the Musjid is not permissible when musallis are present, how can indulgence in worldly conversation and laughter ever be permissible? The total indifference in this regard renders these misdeeds kabeerah (major sins).

Honour

Allah Ta’ala has mentioned in the Qur`aan Shareef, in Surah Munafiqoon:

“But Honour belongs to Allah, His Messenger and the Believers…”
[Surah Munafiqoon 63 : 6]

and

‘…To those who take for friends Unbelievers rather than Believers : Is it honour they seek among them ? Nay, – All honour is with Allah.’
[Surah An-Nisaa 4 : 139]

Recently, a brother expressed deep admiration and lauded praises upon a world-renowned celebrity. I brought it to his attention and explained that it is not appropriate for us, as Muslims, to exalt and revere those who are non-Muslims, those who have rejected Allah Ta’ala.

Sadly, this is a weakness common to most of the Muslims today – who are swept away by glamour, name, fame, power, sporting excellence, etc. Often we hear Muslims glorifying actors, actresses, sportsmen and sportswomen, politicians and others. There is even a term which has been coined : Hero-worship.

Let us understand Islam’s view on this matter:

Allah Ta’ala sometimes gives those Kuffaar (disbelievers) and Fussaaq (evil doers) who are famous – whether actors, actresses, musicians, models, politicians, sport stars, etc. – their name, fame, popularity, wealth and worldly power as a reward for some good deeds done. There are so many of them who publicize their contributions to charitable causes, their voluntary and humanitarian work, their adoption of children from war-torn countries, their efforts to save the planet, save endangered species, and so forth.

Recompense of good deeds will be given in this world only, to those who are non-believers[1]. In the Hereafter there awaits eternal punishment for those who commit the great crime, the high treason, of rejecting belief in Allah Ta’ala and His Rasul (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and they die in that condition.

Mullah ‘Ali Qaari (Rahmatullahi ‘alaih)[2] states that that Muslim who respects and honours those who have Kufr and Shirk in their hearts, is in grave danger of losing his Imaan; of becoming a Murtadd (apostate) … because this Azmat (respect / honour) is for someone who has no Azmat for Allah Ta’ala.

Reflect on this statement of a great Scholar: The person who respects and honours those who have Kufr and Shirk in their hearts, is in grave danger of losing his Imaan.

It is a fact that people have died in such conditions – uttering the names of their heroes and not having the ability to even take the name of Allah Ta’ala, or read the Kalima, or utter words of Taubah (repentance) – due to their veneration and ‘hero-worship’ of someone who stands as a rebel to Allah Ta’ala.

We should reflect over our obsession, reverence and craze – or that of our children’s – of film-stars, sport-stars and others who have rejected belief in Allah Ta’ala. Sometimes, there are posters of such celebrities in our homes, their photographs on cell-phones, there is huge amounts of money spent to meet them, to take a picture with them, to get a signature from them. Fans dress like them, cut their hair like theirs, and try to emulate them in everything they do. Our daughters go crazy over these sportsmen and actors – Na uzu Billah.

Consider the consequence of our behaviour in the light of the teachings of Mullah ‘Ali Qaari (Rahmatullahi ‘alaih), who was a great Muhaddith of his time. …A warning has been sounded, directing us to make sincere Taubah.

Allah Ta’ala states in the Qur`aan Shareef :

‘O people of Imaan! Do not take My enemies and your enemies as friends, inclining towards them with love. Verily, they have rejected the Truth which has come to you (from your Rabb)…’
[Surah Mumtahina 60 : 1]

Have we not witnessed enough enmity in Bosnia, Kosova, Iraq, Afghanistan and other parts of the world? Those who were considered friends and companions were the first to assault, kill, maim and even rape our Muslim brothers and sisters, for no other reason than that they were and are Believers in Allah Ta’ala. …Have we not still taken any lesson?

Are we so blind in recognizing our enemies? Signs of enmity and hatred are manifest at every turn.

Allah Ta’ala, in His Kindness for us, has made this known to us so that we can adopt measures of protection. Forewarned is forearmed. …But no, we do not want to take understanding.

“O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves, for they will not spare you [any] ruin. They wish you would have hardship. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater. We have certainly made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason.”

“O you who have believed, do not take as intimates those other than yourselves, for they will not spare you [any] ruin. They wish you would have hardship. Hatred has already appeared from their mouths, and what their breasts conceal is greater. We have certainly made clear to you the signs, if you will use reason.”
[Surah Aal-Imraan : 3 : 118]

When it comes to business, one’s neighbours and other related matters, it is permissible to have outward respect for such persons, but there must be no respect and love in the heart.[3]

When we claim to have love for Allah Ta’ala, how then can we love those who have rejected Him?

[1] Non-Believers : Those who do not believe in Allah Ta’ala and His Final Messenger Muhammad (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) .
[2] Mullah Ali Qaari (Rahmatullahi ‘Alaih) was a great and learned Muhaddith who is the author of ‘Mirqaat’, which is the commentary of the famous Hadith Kitaab, ‘Mishkaat’ He is buried in Jannatul Mu`allah, Makkah Mukarramah.
[3] Hazrat Mufti Shafi Saheb (RA) had given a detailed explanation regarding Muslim – Non-Muslim relations which clarifies the issue very effectively.
by Hazrat Maulana Yunus Patel Saheb (rahmatullah alayh)

The Fitnah of Taking Pictureswith a Camera and Cell Phone

The Fitnah of Taking Pictures with a Camera and Cell Phone
By: Shaikh Abdur-Rahmaan bin Naasir bin Barraak bin Ibrahim Al-Barraak
All praises to Allah Ta’ala, Who sent His Rasool with guidance and the Deen (religion) of Haq (truth) to make it triumph over all religions, although those who associate others with Allah dislike it. May Allah shower His Peace and Blessings upon him (the Rasool) and upon his family, companions and followers.
Among the things in which all and sundry have fallen prey to and have become crazy about, is taking pictures with the cell phone, which is in the hand or pocket of men and women, young and old.
Thus, it is possible for them to take pictures of everyone, every scene and situation, whether a public scene or private, beneficial or non-beneficial.
Sometimes a picture is taken of some people’s personal and private things. Sometimes, it is not permissible to take pictures on account of the harm that ensues in the wake of taking the picture, leaving aside the ruling of picture taking (pictography).
There are a host of evils and wrongs which ensue in the wake of pictography with the cell phone. From among them are the following:

  1. Opposing the Nusoos (clear-cut verdicts) of the Hadith which show the prohibition of picture-taking, and which sounds a severe warning (against it) and cursing the picture takers. The justification of the (erroneous) interpreters and the following of vain desires are the origin of every evil which has befallen the Ummah, from ancient to modern times. If the justifier is a Mujtahid in Ilm (knowledge), he is ma’zoor (excused), but the one who follows his vain desires is sinful and
    unexcused. The minimum (ruling) in regard to this pictography which many people have fallen prey to and which has been halaalized on the basis of some vagaries is that it is Mushtabah (doubtful). But, Rasulullah Sallallahu alaihi wasallam has stated:
    “Whoever abstains from doubtful matters has verily exonerated himself in his Deen and his honour. And those involved in doubtful things will fall into Haraam.”
  2. The taking of a picture of the one who is displeased (of his picture being taken).
    This is violating his Haq (right). The evil increases by spreading (circulating /posting) it (the picture taken of a person who was unhappy of it). Sometimes the picture of a female is taken. Taking and spreading (posting/broadcasting) her picture is not permissible even if she approves of it. Many a time it brings about Talaaq on her in the case of her being married. It causes disinclination to her (in the hearts of respectable people) in the case of her being unmarried. Together with that is the evil of looking at her form/shape for those upon whom this is not lawful among strange men. Among it (the evils of pictography) is taking the pictures of people’s private life without their consent. For example: their meetings, house, furniture, pictures of their children, etc.
  3. Taking pictures of female gatherings, for example: weddings etc. and circulating these pictures. This enables the prying and Faasiqeen to view what is not lawful and to become aware of it.
  4. The pictures of some evil scenes, for example: mixed gatherings and parties compounded by immorality and dancing by mixed crowds of men and women, and then to circulate them and exposing the people of Baatil under the pretext of condemning the wrong act. This enables the heart to become pleased by seeing those evil scenes and enjoying it. If it has to be condemned, and this it is necessary, then it is Waajib to safe keep those pictures as evidence against the accused when
    he rejects the words of the truthful witness. Or when he intends to deceive. As far as a public condemnation is concerned, it should be by word.
  5. Futile pictures. That is, pictures in which there is no benefit in Deen and dunya. The sole motive is hawa (vain desire); love for picture taking and idleness. Also included are taking pictures of men at wedding functions, etc. Taking pictures of the bridegroom and those with him when they enter and exit.Among futile pictures are the pictures of bayaans in the Musaajid and of Hifz classes and hallucinating that this serves as endorsement. The statement of an honest or trustable person is
    more reliable than a picture.
  6. Keeping pictures for remembrance, as they (those involved in this) claim. The worst is the picture taking of husband and wife, and keeping their pictures for this purpose. Verily, keeping pictures prevents the Angels from entering the home.
    Thus, Nabi Sallallahu alaihi wasallam: “The Malaa’ikah do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.”
    Excluded from this are pictures which cannot be effaced, such as the pictures on money.
    We present to you, O Muslim, some Ahaadith regarding the Tahreem (prohibition) of taking pictures:
    • It is reported from Hazrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu anhu) that Nabi
    (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “Allah Ta’ala said: ‘Who can be a greater oppressor than the one goes and creates like Me? Let them create an atom or a grain of wheat or a grain of barely.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    • In Saheehain (Bukhaari and Muslim) it is reported from Hadhrat Aisha
    (Radhiyallahu anha) that Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said, “The severest punishment on the Day of Qiyaamah will be meted out to those who imitate the Creation of Allah Ta’ala (i.e. making and taking pictures etc.)”
    • Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) reports: “I heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) saying: ‘Every picture-maker (photographer etc.) will be in Jahannam. A body will be created for every picture he made (drew, snapped, captured, posted etc.) which will torment him in Jahannam.” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    • Hadhrat Ibn Abbas (Radhiyallahu anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The one who draws (snaps, captures, posts, etc.) a picture in this world will be made to give life to it (the picture) on the Day of Qiyaamah, whereas he will not be able to blow life (in it).” (Bukhaari and Muslim)
    Hence, it devolves upon the Muslim to fear Allah Ta’ala, take precaution for the safety of his/her Deen and that he/she warn the people who follow (their) vain desires not to be deceived (of what is right from wrong) on the basis of what the majority of people do. The abundance of baatil (wrong) does not mitigate it. “Say, ‘Evil and good are not even, although the abundance of evil might impress you.’ So fear Allah, O intelligent ones, so that you may be successful.” (Qur’aan)
    We ask Allah Ta’ala for Baseerat (foresight) in Deen and a good intention in the quest for the Haq (truth).
    May Allah Ta’ala shower His Peace and Blessings upon Muhammad, his family and all of his companions.
    27 Shawwaal 1438 / 22 July 2017

BE SO CLOSE TO QURAN

BE SO CLOSE TO QURAN

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that with every turn of its page, your heart also turns. You undergo a change of character; and come out better. You come closer to Allah and you understand your religion more.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that not only do you consider it to be your companion in life, but it also considers you to be its companion both here and on Yawm al-Qiyamah (Day of Resurrection).

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that whenever you open to read it, it draws you in deeply and takes you on amazing journeys through power concepts and thought-provoking dialogue, through history and the undisputed facts of the future and Hereafter; learning life lessons and learning about yourself. The journey doesn’t end until you end it (by closing the Book).

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that you make it your first point of judgement and guidance when you quarrel or fall out with a relative, spouse, friend or stranger. You place it before you with the sincerity to resolve matters and follow the causes for peace.

“❤️If they both desire reconciliation, Allah will cause harmony between them. Indeed, Allah is ever Knowing and All-Aware.”🔆 [al-Nisa: 35]

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that if you happen to miss your daily portion of it, it preoccupies your mind and you are not at peace until you take your regular nourishment from it.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that just hearing the words, “O you who believe…” strikes something within your heart. You are all ears and attentive; ready to respond.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that you truly feel its blessings in your life.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that while many love listening to music and lyrical tunes, for you nothing can beat the melodious recital of your favourite Surah (chapter).

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that you actually walk
FEARLESS
. In every place, at all times, and every stage of your life. Your fear is only from One Being, and He is above His Throne, `azza wa jall.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that the mere contemplation of a verse brings tears to your eyes.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that after a long and tiring day, all you want to do is make wudhu’ (ablution) and sit down with a cuppa tea in a cosy spot for some heartwarming reading and reflection.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that it becomes the first companion you turn to when you need to hear comforting words, or a shoulder to lean on in difficult times, or guidance in times of confusion. It becomes your first point of contact alongside salah (prayer) and du’a (supplication).

❤️Be so close to the- Qur’an that its melodious verses drown away the meaningless chatter of this world and you prefer listening to it instead of listening to much of Mankind…

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that you become recognised for it; in your character and the way you carry yourself through life.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that being in its company makes you feel like you are in the best company; the most serene, thought-provoking, heart-warming, and tranquil of gatherings. People think you are alone… but you are anything but alone.

❤️Be so close to the Qur’an that you can’t fathom the idea of dying without having memorised it. You can’t see yourself standing in front of Allah in complete ignorance of His Book, His Verses, His Words……

💕💕💕Be Close To Quran 💕💕💕

Is wearing the Niqab/Pardah Fardh or Sunnah?

QUESTION
Assalamu Alaikum Respected Mufti Saheb. I would like Mufti Saheb to please respond to this. A few girls were told about the obligation of covering and wearing pardah. An Aalim of the town told these girls that it is not Fardh and a must, it is a sunnah. He even contacted Muftis that also say its sunnah. We would appreciate Mufti Saheb response and advice on what to do. Jazakallah

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.

Please refer to the following link to find a detailed response on the above query:

http://www.askimam.org/public/question_detail/28588

And Allah Ta’āla Knows Best

Mahmood Suliman

Student Darul Iftaa
Gaborone, Botswana

Checked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.

Where does it say in the Quran that women must observe Hijab?

My Question is related to Hijab..I want to know the proper Defination of Hijab Because in different areas of the world Hijab is Defined in different way.some of women cover full body except their eyes and some cover their whole busy except their face. So i just need to know what is proper defination of Hijab in Qur’an.If it is to cover all the body except eyes then why scholar like Zakir Naik who is firm believer of Qur’an is going on the Different track.(Cover the whole body except face).

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh.Sister in Islam,It is encouraging to note your zeal in seeking clarity regarding such an issue. Since the rulings of Hijāb are a very delicate matter, we feel that it is important to first provide some introductory points before answering your specific query. The Purpose of HijābFirst and foremost, it is of absolute importance that one understands the social structure Islam attempts to establish within a Muslim society in regards to the intermingling of men and women. Throughout the Quran we find many verses that point to this very fact. Allah Ta’ālā says in the Holy Quran:وَلَا تَقْرَبُوا الزِّنَا إِنَّهُ كَانَ فَاحِشَةً وَسَاءَ سَبِيلًا And do not even go near fornication. It is indeed a shame and an evil way to follow.[1]He the Almighty says in another verse:وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّAnd say to the believing women that they must lower their gazes and guard their private parts, and must not expose their adornment.[2]Expounding on this message, the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said:كُتِبَ عَلَى ابْنِ آدَمَ نَصِيبُهُ مِنَ الزِّنَا، مُدْرِكٌ ذَلِكَ لَا مَحَالَةَ، فَالْعَيْنَانِ زِنَاهُمَا النَّظَرُ، وَالْأُذُنَانِ زِنَاهُمَا الِاسْتِمَاعُ، وَاللِّسَانُ زِنَاهُ الْكَلَامُ، وَالْيَدُ زِنَاهَا الْبَطْشُ، وَالرِّجْلُ زِنَاهَا الْخُطَا، وَالْقَلْبُ يَهْوَى وَيَتَمَنَّى، وَيُصَدِّقُ ذَلِكَ الْفَرْجُ وَيُكَذِّبُهُ Allah has written for the children of Adam their share of zina which he commits inevitably. The zina of the eyes is the sight (to gaze at a forbidden thing), the zina of the ears is to hear, the zina of the tongue is the talk, the zina of the hands is to touch (that which is forbidden), the zina of the feet is to take steps (towards that which is forbidden) and the heart wishes and desires and the private parts testify all this or deny it.[3]It is clear from the above that the overall purpose behind establishing laws pertaining to separation between men and women is simply to protect their chastity and to establish a society wherein all doors leading to immorality and indecency are closed off right from its roots. Similarly, the hijāb is also a mechanism used to further these ideals by becoming an instrument that hinders zinā and all of its malevolent forms.Women and Today’s SocietyIn a society dictated by slogans of liberty and justice, a new generation has been born that thrives off of freedom of expression. This leads some to believe that the hijāb is anti-progressive, but such a notion is far from reality. Allah Ta’ālā has created women in this world with an alluring beauty that seizes the hearts of men and brings forth emotions of pure love and infatuation. It is for this reason that women continue to be exploited today through private and commercial means.It is also no secret that societies today are brimming with news concerning cases of rape and sexual assault. In a society where social acceptance through superficial means of one’s outer beauty has become mainstream, it is of no surprise that such would be the end result. As a premonition to such an outcome, the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) warned us in the following words:صِنْفَانِ مِنْ أَهْلِ النَّارِ لَمْ أَرَهُمَا، قَوْمٌ مَعَهُمْ سِيَاطٌ كَأَذْنَابِ الْبَقَرِ يَضْرِبُونَ بِهَا النَّاسَ، وَنِسَاءٌ كَاسِيَاتٌ عَارِيَاتٌ مُمِيلَاتٌ مَائِلَاتٌ… Two are the types of the denizens of Hell whom I did not see: people having flogs like the tails of the ox with them and they would be beating people, and the women who would be dressed but appear to be naked, who would incline others (towards evil) and themselves would be inclined (towards it)…[4] Through the tenets of Islam we form a stabilized society that protects women from all avenues that may lead to their mistreatment and exploitation. Only through practice can one see the respect a woman holds who is garbed from head to toe in clothes that protect her beauty and chastity. It is a sign of honor, dignity, and iman that brings to light the revered status of women in the eyes of Allah the Almighty.Difference between Satr and HijābWhen one hears the word hijāb, it is often assumed that the laws pertaining to it are the same as the laws of satr (the concealing of which is obligatory for everyone – legally, naturally and rationally). As a matter of fact, the laws of satr have remained an obligation from the very beginning, in all religious codes of the noble prophets and not only from the advent of Islam.[5] It is an injunction stemming from the natural disposition of insān that shows the intrinsic qualities of hayā (shame and modesty) that existed from the very inception of humankind. One can see the example of such qualities in the story Ādam and Hawā (alaihimas salam) as they hastened to cover themselves upon seeing their bare selves revealed[6]. Similarly, we find such an attribute in the story of Musā (‘alaihis salam) and the two girls who were fetching water from a well. Whilst one was walking towards Musā (alaihi salam), she treaded in a manner showing complete shame and modesty. Allah Ta’ālā revealed this quality in the following words:فَجَاءَتْهُ إِحْدَاهُمَا تَمْشِي عَلَى اسْتِحْيَاءٍ Then one of the two women came to him, walking in a manner showing hayā.[7]On the other hand, the laws of hijāb came about much after during the latter half of the prophethood of Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam).[8] As such, laws regarding covering oneself in private and public are different from the laws of hijāb that pertain more to rulings that require women to conceal themselves in the presence of non-mahram men[9].Consider an example from the following hadīth:عَنْ نَبْهَانَ، مَوْلَى أُمِّ سَلَمَةَ، أَنَّهُ حَدَّثَهُ أَنَّ أُمَّ سَلَمَةَ، حَدَّثَتْهُ أَنَّهَا كَانَتْ عِنْدَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَمَيْمُونَةَ قَالَتْ: فَبَيْنَا نَحْنُ عِنْدَهُ أَقْبَلَ ابْنُ أُمِّ مَكْتُومٍ فَدَخَلَ عَلَيْهِ وَذَلِكَ بَعْدَ مَا أُمِرْنَا بِالحِجَابِ، فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: احْتَجِبَا مِنْهُ، فَقُلْتُ: يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَلَيْسَ هُوَ أَعْمَى لاَ يُبْصِرُنَا وَلاَ يَعْرِفُنَا؟ فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: أَفَعَمْيَاوَانِ أَنْتُمَا أَلَسْتُمَا تُبْصِرَانِهِ. It is narrated by Nabhān the freed slave of Umm Salamah(radiyallahu ‘anha) that Umm Salamah (radiyallahu ‘anha) narrated to him, that she and Maymunah (radiyallahu ‘anha) were with the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), she said: “So when we were with him, Ibn Umm Maktum (radiyallahu ‘anhu) came, and he entered upon him, and that was after veiling had been ordered for us. So the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘Veil yourselves from him.’ So I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! Is he not blind such that he cannot see us or recognize us?’ So the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: ‘Are you two blind such that you cannot see him?'” One point of consideration is the fact that the addressees of this command of the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) were none other than two of the Umm al-Mu’minīn (mother of the believers), Sayyidatuna Umm Salamah and Sayyidatuna Maymūnah (radiyallahu ‘anhuma). If the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet (salllahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), who were at the pinnacle of piety and modesty were commanded to conceal themselves from men, then what can we say about the women of today who live in an era where people vie for social standing by sacrificing their modesty for the sake of public acceptance?Now that we have understood that the laws of satr are not only different, but existed before the laws of hijāb, we will commence with the discussion of Quranic texts relating to the injunctions of hijāb.The Degrees of HijābWhen taking a look at the various verses dealing with the injunction of hijāb, one can divide these verses into three levels, or “degrees”, of hijāb.-The First Degree-Allah Ta’ālā says in Surah al-Ahzāb, verse 53:وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّAnd when you ask anything from them (the blessed wives of the Prophet), ask them from behind a curtain. That is better for the purity of your hearts and their hearts.This verse deals with the first degree of hijāb which discusses concealment of women in their own homes. This can further be substantiated by the following verse:وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَىAnd remain in your homes, and do not display (your) beauty as it used to be displayed in the days of earlier ignorance.[10]This degree of hijāb encourages women to stay in their homes and conceal themselves and their beauty from the fitnah the lurks outside the four walls of her home. This means that they should not allow anyone outside of their homes to see any portion of their body, whether it be the face or any other part of the body.[11] Furthermore, this points to the fact that women should try their best to remain in their homes unless there is a need to go out as there is a danger to their chastity and is a means of fitnah for her.[12] The following hadīth points out to this fact:عَنِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، قَالَ: الْمَرْأَةُ عَوْرَةٌ، فَإِذَا خَرَجَتْ اسْتَشْرَفَهَا الشَّيْطَانُ. It is narrated that the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “The woman is one who should be concealed, so when she goes out, the Shaitan seeks to tempt her.”[13] Although the addressees of these verses are the blessed wives of the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), the injunctions related to them are common to all Muslim women as pointed out by many great muffassirūn (exegetes) such as Imam al-Qurtubi in his famous tafsīr, Al-Jāmi’ li Ahkām al-Qurān.[14]-The Second Degree-Allah Ta’ālā says in Surah al-Ahzāb, verse 53:يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لِأَزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ O prophet, tell your wives and your daughters and the women of the believers that they should draw down their jilbāb (shawls) over them.Herein mentioned is the second degree of hijāb. This level of hijāb deals with how women should conceal themselves when they have a need to leave their house. The jilbāb here actually refers to a piece of clothing large enough that it covers the entire body from head to toe.[15] The method of dawning the jilbāb is a point of contention amongst the ‘ūlamā; Imam Qurtubi mentions in his tafsīr: وَاخْتَلَفَ النَّاسُ فِي صُورَةِ إِرْخَائِهِ، فَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَعَبِيدَةُ السَّلْمَانِيُّ: ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَلْوِيَهُ الْمَرْأَةُ حَتَّى لَا يَظْهَرَ مِنْهَا إِلَّا عَيْنٌ وَاحِدَةٌ تُبْصِرُ بِهَا. وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ أَيْضًا وَقَتَادَةُ: ذَلِكَ أَنْ تَلْوِيَهُ فَوْقَ الْجَبِينِ وَتَشُدَّهُ، ثُمَّ تَعْطِفُهُ عَلَى الْأَنْفِ، وَإِنْ ظَهَرَتْ عَيْنَاهَا لَكِنَّهُ يَسْتُرُ الصَّدْرَ وَمُعْظَمَ الْوَجْهِ. وَقَالَ الْحَسَنُ: تُغَطِّي نِصْفَ وَجْهِهَا. People have differed in regards to the method of dawning it (the jilbāb). Ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) and ‘Abīdah as-Salmānī (rahimahullah) state: It means to wrap it up in such a way that everything is concealed except that (the area of) one eye is left open for her to see with. Ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) (in another narration) and Qatādah (rahimahullah) say: It means to wrap it up above the forehead and to fasten it, then to fold it till above the nose even if both eyes are left open; although, she will have to cover her chest and majority of her face. Hasan (rahimahullah) says: She will cover half of her face.[16]Similar narrations have been mentioned in other books of tafāsīr as well.[17]From this we can clearly see that the mufassirūn and great figures of the past such as Ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) consider that the dawning of the jilbāb for women includes the covering of the face. This is to the extent that there are narrations of leaving only one eye open as well. To substantiate this further, Imam Qurtubi also states under the tafsīr of this verse:لَمَّا كَانَتْ عَادَةُ الْعَرَبِيَّاتِ التَّبَذُّلَ، وَكُنَّ يَكْشِفْنَ وُجُوهَهُنَّ كَمَا يَفْعَلُ الْإِمَاءُ، وَكَانَ ذَلِكَ دَاعِيَةً إِلَى نَظَرِ الرِّجَالِ إِلَيْهِنَّ، وَتَشَعُّبِ الْفِكْرَةِ فِيهِنَّ، أَمَرَ اللَّهُ رَسُولَهُ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ أَنْ يَأْمُرَهُنَّ بِإِرْخَاءِ الْجَلَابِيبِ عَلَيْهِنَّ إِذَا أَرَدْنَ الْخُرُوجَ إِلَى حَوَائِجِهِنَّ Since it was the habit of the Arab women to display their beauty as they would reveal their faces like the female slaves, and since such an action would lead to other men looking at them and filling their minds with thoughts of those women, Allah Ta’ālā commanded the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to instruct the (Muslim) women to hang down their shawls over them whenever they would have a desire to go out for their needs.[18] -The Third Degree-Allah Ta’ālā says in Surah an-Nūr, verse 31:وَقُلْ لِلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَى جُيُوبِهِنَّ And say to the believing women that they must lower their gazes and guard their private parts, and must not expose their adornment (i.e. places of beauty), except that which appears thereof, and must wrap their bosoms with their shawls…This verse discusses the third and final degree of hijāb, which deals with hijāb of the second degree along with an exception to reveal certain portions of the body.[19] The meaning of this verse is apparent; a women is not allowed to display her beauty and she should cover herself with her shawl. Although, scholars differ as to what the words “except that which appears thereof” refers to. Many mufassirūn such as Imam at-Tabarī[20], Imam al-Qurtubī[21], and Imam Ibn Kathīr[22] have discussed the different narrations and opinions regarding this issue in detail. Mufti Shafī ‘Uthmānī has provided a concise summary of the differences in his book Ahkām al-Qurān in the following words:و حاصل الكلام في تفسير ما ظهر أنه مختلف فيه بين الصحابة والتابعين فعبد الله بن مسعود و من تابعه فسروه بالثياب و الجلباب، و علي ذلك فلا حجة فيه لمن استثني الوجه والكفين عن الحجاب…و عبد الله ابن عباس و عبد الله بن عمر و من تابعهما فسروا قوله تعالي: ولا يبدين زينتهن إلا ما ظهر منها، بقولهم: إنه الوجه والكفان. وهو محتمل المعنيين، الأول: أنه تفسير للزينة التي نهين عن إبدائها، فعلي هذا رجع هذا القول أيضا إلي معني قول ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه، فلم يكن الوجه والكفان من مستثنيات، والمعني الثاني: أنه تفسير لما ظهر، وعلي هذا الأحتمال كان الوجه والكفان مستثنيان من الحجابThe summary of the differences regarding the tafsīr of “that which appears thereof” is that a difference of opinion exists between the Sahabah and Tābi’īn themselves. ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ūd (radiyallahu ‘anhu) and those who are of his opinion say that it refers to (their) clothes and the jilbāb. According to this opinion, there is no room for those who exempt the face and the hands from hijāb…’Abdullah bin ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) and ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radiyallahu ‘anhuma) interpret the words “and must not expose their adornment, except that which appears thereof” as meaning the face and the hands. This tafsīr holds two possibilities. The first possibility: This (face and hands) is the tafsīr for the word “adornment” from which women have been forbidden to display. According to this tafsīr, in meaning it will be the same as the interpretation of Ibn Mas’ūd (radiyallahu ‘anhu); therefore, the hands and face will not be exempt (from the hijāb). The second possibility: This is the tafsīr for “that which appears thereof”. According to this possibility, the face and the hands will be exempt from the hijāb.[23]In more simple terms, the verses according to each interpretation will mean:(1) According to the tafsīr of Ibn Mas’ūd (radiyallahu ‘anhu): And (they) must not expose their adornment, except their outer garments (e.g. their jilbāb).(2) According to the tafsīr of Ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhuma): And (they) must not expose their adornment, except their hands and faces.It is important to take note that this discussion only pertains to the interpretation of this verse and not the ruling for the hijāb itself. Clarification on Women Exposing Their FaceOne may conclude through this that there remains scope for women to expose their face as it is a valid tafsīr of this verse. In order clear this misconception, we will expound with the following points:(1) After discussing the various opinions, Imam Qurtubī says in his tafsīr:قَالَ ابْنُ عَطِيَّةَ: وَيَظْهَرُ لِي بِحُكْمِ أَلْفَاظِ الْآيَةِ أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ مَأْمُورَةٌ بِأَلَّا تُبْدِيَ وَأَنْ تَجْتَهِدَ فِي الْإِخْفَاءِ لِكُلِّ مَا هُوَ زِينَةٌ، وَوَقَعَ الِاسْتِثْنَاءُ فِيمَا يَظْهَرُ بِحُكْمِ ضَرُورَةِ حَرَكَةٍ فِيمَا لَا بُدَّ مِنْهُ، أَوْ إِصْلَاحِ شَأْنٍ وَنَحْوِ ذَلِكَ. فَ”- مَا ظَهَرَ” عَلَى هَذَا الْوَجْهِ مِمَّا تُؤَدِّي إِلَيْهِ الضَّرُورَةُ فِي النِّسَاءِ فَهُوَ الْمَعْفُوُّ عَنْهُ. قُلْتُ: هَذَا قَوْلٌ حَسَنٌ، إِلَّا أَنَّهُ لَمَّا كَانَ الْغَالِبُ مِنَ الْوَجْهِ وَالْكَفَّيْنِ ظُهُورُهُمَا عَادَةً وَعِبَادَة..فَيَصْلُحُ أَنْ يَكُونَ الِاسْتِثْنَاءُ رَاجِعًا إِلَيْهِمَا Ibn ‘Atiyyah says: “What becomes apparent to me in regards to the ruling derived from the words of this verse is that women are commanded to not reveal themselves and that they try their best to conceal all that is considered to be adornment (beauty). The exception made here is due to certain movements that are absolutely necessary (for women to do) or in order to fix something, etc. As such, “that which appears thereof” in this context refers to revealing at times of necessity for women; therefore, it is amongst those things that are forgiven (due to a need).” According to me [referring to Imam al-Qurtubī himself], this is a better approach, except that since the face and hands become revealed habitually or at times of ībādah…it is better to say that the exception refers to those two times
(only).24 There are some who mention that revealing the face is permissible for women if there is no fear of fitnah[25]. In regards to this, Imam Jalāluddīn al-Mahallī mentions in his Tafsīr al-Jalālayn:{وَلَا يُبْدِينَ}…{زِينَتهنَّ إلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا} وَهُوَ الْوَجْه وَالْكَفَّانِ فَيَجُوز نَظَره لِأَجْنَبِيٍّ إنْ لَمْ يَخَفْ فِتْنَة فِي أَحَد وَجْهَيْنِ وَالثَّانِي يَحْرُم لِأَنَّهُ مَظِنَّة الْفِتْنَة وَرُجِّحَ حَسْمًا لِلْبَابِ[The verse says] “And they must not expose”…”their adornment, except that which appears thereof”. This refers to the face and the hands; therefore it should be permissible for one to look at a woman (i.e. her face) if he does not feel there will be fitnah. This is according to one opinion; the other opinion is that such an act is harām since there is a possibility of fitnah. This (second) opinion has been given preference in order to close the doors (leading to fitnah).[26]Mufti Shafī’ comments on this as well in the following words:و أنت خبير بأن هذا أمر يعز وجوده في القرون الأولي أيضا إلا ما شاء الله تعالي، ويشهد له قصة الفضل ابن عباس مع امرأة خثعمية بأن النبي صلي الله عليه و سلم حول وجه الفضل عنها، و قال: رأيت شابا و شابة فلم آمن عليهما الفتنة، كما رواه البخاري والترمذي، فما ظنك بزماننا الذي بدا فيه التساوي بين المحاسن والمساوي، وكادت القلوب أن تكون منكوسة فلاتعرف معروفا و لا تنكر منكرا، و عادت الفواحش فيه مفخرا، واتخذت المناهي متجرا؛ تجارت بهم الأهواء كما تتجار الكلب بصاحبه، و يخبط بهم الهوي في مذاهبه وغياهبه؟ فكيف يحصل الأمن واليقين علي أنه لا يحدث في نفسه الميلان إلي قربها بالنظر إليها؟ You already know that such a thing (not having fear of fitnah) was seldom found during the first era of Muslims as well (i.e. the time of the Holy Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and his Sahabah radiyallahu ‘anhum) except that which Allah Ta’ālā wanted. The story of Fadl ibn ‘Abbās (radiyallahu ‘anhu) and the woman of Khath’amiyyah attests to this fact since the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) turned the face of Fadl away from her (when he saw them staring at each other) as he told them: “I saw a young man and a young woman and I did not feel secure from fitnah arising between them.” As narrated by Imam Bukhārī and Imam Tirmidhī. [Considering this] what do you think is the situation in our times where good and evil have been labeled as equal, the hearts (of people) have turned upside down to the extent that they cannot even differentiate between wrong from right, where indecency (i.e. adultery, prostitution, etc.) has returned as a means to boast one’s own ego, where forbidden acts have become a business? A time where selfish desires travel with people like a dog travels with his partner? Where wishes and fancies have plunged people into its depths and its darkness. So how can one feel secure and certain that one’s heart will not be inclined towards her (i.e. towards committing indecency with her) when one’s eyes are focused on her?27 All four schools of thought (i.e. Mālikī, Hanbalī, Shafi’ī, and Hanafī) agree that it is impermissible for women to expose their face in front of non-mahram men[28].After discussing the points above, the conclusion the we arrive at is that although there is a difference of opinion regarding the tafsīr of verse thirty one of Surah an-Nūr, there remains no discrepancy in regards to the ruling derived therefrom. That is to say that even though there are authentic narrations concerning the meaning of “except that which appears thereof”, there still remains no disagreement pertaining to the application of the verse according to the vast majority of the fuqahā, especially in reference to our time where fitnah lurks at every corner; therefore, it is not feasible for women to leave their homes with their faces uncovered in front of non-mahram men.The core of this discussion boils down to the fact that the third degree of hijāb no longer remains an issue, whether it is because one opts for Ibn Masūd’s (radiyallahu ‘anhu) tafsīr of the verse which states that “except that which appears thereof” simply refers to women’s outer garments and ornaments, or because the revealing of one’s face in our times can lead to fitnah, and in order to close this door completely, the ruling of impermissibility was given preference.[29] The Field of AhkāmBefore we conclude this discussion, we would like to make one final point. The saying goes “to each his own”, but does this apply to the laws of Shari’ah? Like any other field, Islamic sciences have also been divided into different categories each with their own specialists. The muhaddithūn are tasked with preserving the words and asānīd (chains of narration) of ahādīth for later generations, whereas the mufassirūn discuss the meanings, interpretations, and explanations of the verses in the Holy Qurān. Similarly, the fuqahā are those who spent a great portion of their lives deducing rulings from the Holy Qurān and the Ahādīth of the Holy Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). One may say that each field is also linked to the other in one way or another.The point of consideration is that simply because one is a master in one field it does not necessitate that he is a master in another. If one holds a PhD in mechanical engineering, it does not mean that he has the knowledge to perform a surgery on a patient requiring a bypass. This also goes for one who has studied immensely on his own but does not hold the credentials needed to assert his authority in front of those who hold valid credentials in that field. For example, if one studies hundreds of books on the subject of medicine, keeps up with WebMD every day, and further reads every article regarding medicine for fifteen years, he still does not hold the credentials that a student of medicine would hold that only studied for a mere seven to eight years. The reason being is that certain sciences require certain procedures and experience under direct supervision of an authority in order to be labelled as a master in that field.To substantiate this point, consider the words of Imam Tirmidhī, a great and renowned muhaddith, regarding the status of the fuqaha:وَهُمْ أَعْلَمُ بِمَعَانِي الحَدِيثِ And they (the fuqahā) have more knowledge of the meanings of the ahādīth.[30]To conclude, while there may be some who attempt to interpret the meanings of the Qurān and ahādīth in their own way, the rulings derived therefrom will not be taken into consideration unless uttered by the fuqahā themselves. The reason is very simple, the fuqahā are masters in the field of deduction and have written thousands and thousands of books on various subjects of ahkām. Furthermore, such a claim is not something new; rather, the chain of fuqahā and their mastery in this field can be traced back to the first century of Islam. Their words have always been accepted as the final judgment in all matters of fiqh (Islamic Jurisprudence) for over one thousand years. Simply being god fearing and a firm believer of the Quran does not mean one cannot err, especially when one’s opinion is weighed against a thousand years of study backed by thousands of scholars from the four accepted schools of thought. Such an opinion in the end contradicts ijmā’ (consensus) and holds no weight in the sciences of fiqh and deduction.The fact of the matter is that although one may have done great and outstanding work in a certain field and attained a high status in the eyes of the public, it does not necessitate that he has the credentials to make decisions regarding other fields of Islam.May Allah Ta’ālā accept the efforts of all those who defend Islam and may He continue to take work from them. Ameen.And Allah Ta’āla Knows BestBilal MohammadStudent Darul Iftaa
New Jersey, USAChecked and Approved by,
Mufti Ebrahim Desai.www.daruliftaa.net

[1] Al-Quran, Al-Isrā, 32
[2] Al-Quran, An-Nūr, 31
[3] Sahīh Muslim, Book of al-Qadr (Fate), vol. 4, pg. 2047, Dar Ihyā at-Turāth
[4] Sahih Muslim, 2128, The Book of Clothes and Adornment
[5] Ma’ariful Quran, ” The Difference Between the Injunctions of Satr-ul-‘Awrah and Veiling of Women (Hijab)”, Surah al-Ahzab:53
[6] فَلَمَّا ذَاقَا الشَّجَرَةَ بَدَتْ لَهُمَا سَوْآتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخْصِفَانِ عَلَيْهِمَا مِنْ وَرَقِ الْجَنَّةِ(سورة الأعراف، ٢٢)
[7] Al-Quran, Surah al-Qasas:25
[8] Ibid.;Ahkām al-Quran by Mufti Shafī’ ‘Uthmānī, vol. 3, pg. 404-406, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah
[9] Ma’ariful Quran, “The Second Issue – the Hijab of Women”, Surah al-Ahzab:53;Ahkām al-Qurān by Mufti Muhammad Shafī’ ‘Uthmanī, vol. 3, pg. 408, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah
[10] Surah al-Ahzab:33
[11] Ma’ariful Quran, “The First Degree of Hijab from People by Virtue of Staying Home”, Surah al-Ahzab:53; الأولي من سورة الأحزاب هذه الآية أعني قوله تعالي: و إذا سألتموهن متاعا فاسألوهن من وراء حجاب، و هي أول آية نزلت في الحجاب…و هذه الآية تدل علي أن كيفية الحجاب الشرعي هو التستر بالبيوت والخدور بحيث لا ينكشف للرجال شيء من أبدانهن و زينتهن…(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٠٨، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)؛ الأولي: حجاب الأشخاص بالبيوت والجدر والخدور والهوادج و أمثالها، بحيث لا يري الرجال الأجانب شيئا من أشخاصهن و لا لباسهن و زينتهن الظاهرة و لا الباطنة، و لا شيئا من جسدهن من الوجه والكفين و سائر البدن(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٥٤، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)؛ (فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ) يقول: من وراء ستر بينكم وبينهن، ولا تدخلوا عليهن بيوتهن (ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّ) يقول تعالى ذكره: سؤالكم إياهن المتاع إذا سألتموهن ذلك من وراء حجاب أطهر لقلوبكم وقلوبهن من عوارض العين فيها التي تعرض في صدور الرجال من أمر النساء، وفي صدور النساء من أمر الرجال، وأحرى من أن لا يكون للشيطان عليكم وعليهن سبيل.(جامع البيان للطبري، ج ١٢، ص ٣٩، دار الفكر)
[12] الثاني: أمرهن بملازمة البيوت. وهو أمر مطلوب من سائر النساء…و قد يحرم عليهن الخروج…وما يجوز من الخروج كالخروج للحج و زيارة الوالدين و عيادة المرضي و تعزية الأموات من الأقارب…وقال ابن كثير: و قرن في بيوتكن، أي الزمن بيوتكن فلا تخرجن بغير حاجة.(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٠٨، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)
[13] Sunan at-Tirmidhi, 1173, The Book of Suckling
[14] وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَى وَأَقِمْنَ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتِينَ الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنْكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا.مَعْنَى هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ الْأَمْرُ بِلُزُومِ الْبَيْتِ، وَإِنْ كَانَ الْخِطَابُ لِنِسَاءِ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ فَقَدْ دَخَلَ غَيْرُهُنَّ فِيهِ بِالْمَعْنَى. هَذَا لَوْ لَمْ يَرِدْ دَلِيلٌ يَخُصُّ جَمِيعَ النِّسَاءِ، كَيْفَ وَالشَّرِيعَةُ طَافِحَةٌ بِلُزُومِ النِّسَاءِ بُيُوتَهَنَّ، وَالِانْكِفَافِ عَنِ الْخُرُوجِ مِنْهَا إِلَّا لِضَرُورَةٍ، عَلَى مَا تَقَدَّمَ فِي غَيْرِ مَوْضِعٍ(الجامع لأحكام القرآن للقرطبي، ج ٧، ص ٤٨١، دار الحديث) وَإِذَا سَأَلْتُمُوهُنَّ مَتَاعًا فَاسْأَلُوهُنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ ذَلِكُمْ أَطْهَرُ لِقُلُوبِكُمْ وَقُلُوبِهِنَّالتَّاسِعَةُ- فِي هَذِهِ الْآيَةِ دَلِيلٌ عَلَى أَنَّ اللَّهَ تَعَالَى أَذِنَ فِي مَسْأَلَتِهِنَّ مِنْ وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ، فِي حَاجَةٍ تَعْرِضُ، أَوْ مَسْأَلَةٍ يُسْتَفْتَيْنَ فِيهَا، وَيَدْخُلُ فِي ذَلِكَ جَمِيعُ النِّسَاءِ بِالْمَعْنَى، وَبِمَا تَضَمَّنَتْهُ أُصُولُ الشَّرِيعَةِ مِنْ أَنَّ الْمَرْأَةَ كُلُّهَا عَوْرَةٌ، بَدَنُهَا وَصَوْتُهَا، كَمَا تَقَدَّمَ، فَلَا يَجُوزُ كَشْفُ ذَلِكَ إِلَّا لِحَاجَةٍ كَالشَّهَادَةِ عَلَيْهَا، أَوْ دَاءٍ يَكُونُ بِبَدَنِهَا، أَوْ سُؤَالِهَا عَمَّا يَعْرِضُ وَتَعَيَّنَ عندها.((الجامع لأحكام القرآن للقرطبي، ج ٧، ص ٥٢٠، دار الحديث)
[15]الثالثة- قوله تعالى: (مِنْ جَلَابِيبِهِنَّ) الْجَلَابِيبُ جَمْعُ جِلْبَابٍ، وَهُوَ ثَوْبٌ أَكْبَرُ مِنَ الْخِمَارِ. وَرُوِيَ عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ أَنَّهُ الرِّدَاءُ. وَقَدْ قِيلَ: إِنَّهُ الْقِنَاعُ. وَالصَّحِيحُ أَنَّهُ الثَّوْبُ الَّذِي يَسْتُرُ جَمِيعَ الْبَدَنِ.(الجامع لأحكام القرآن للقرطبي، ج ٧، ص ٣٥٢، دار الحديث)
[16] Ibid.
[17] ثم اختلف أهل التأويل في صفة الإدناء الذي أمرهن الله به فقال بعضهم: هو أن يغطين وجوههن ورءوسهن فلا يبدين منهن إلا عينا واحدة.* ذكر من قال ذلك: حدثني عليّ، قال: ثنا أَبو صالح قال ثني معاوية عن علي عن ابن عباس، قوله (يَاأَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلابِيبِهِنَّ) أمر الله نساء المؤمنين إذا خرجن من بيوتهن في حاجة أن يغطين وجوههن من فوق رءوسهن بالجلابيب ويبدين عينا واحدة.* ذكر من قال ذلك: حدثني محمد بن سعد قال ثني أَبي قال ثني عمي قال: ثني أَبي عن أبيه عن ابن عباس، قوله (يَاأَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ قُلْ لأزْوَاجِكَ وَبَنَاتِكَ وَنِسَاءِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ يُدْنِينَ عَلَيْهِنَّ مِنْ جَلابِيبِهِنَّ … ) إلى قوله (وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَفُورًا رَحِيمًا) قال: كانت الحرة تلبس لباس الأمة فأمر الله نساء المؤمنين أن يدنين عليهن من جلابيبهن. وإدناء الجلباب: أن تقنع وتشد على جبينها.(جامع البيان للطبري، ج ١٢، ص ٤٦، دار الفكر)؛الثانية: الحجاب بالبراقع والجلابيب بحيث لايبدو شيء من الوجه والكفين و سائر الجسد و لباس الزينة، فلايري إلا أشخاصهن مستورة من فوق الرأس إلي القدم(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٥٣، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)
[18] Al-Jāmi’ li Ahkām al-Qurān of Imam al-Qurtubī, vol. 7, pg. 532, Darul Hadīth
[19] الثالثة: الحجاب بالجلابيب وأمثالها مع كشف الوجه والكفين والقدمين(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٥٤، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)
[20] وقوله: (وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ) يقول تعالى ذكره: ولا يُظهرن للناس الذين ليسوا لهن بمحرم زينتهنّ، وهما زينتان: إحداهما: ما خفي وذلك كالخلخال والسوارين والقرطين والقلائد،والأخرى: ما ظهر منها، وذلك مختلف في المعنيّ منه بهذه الآية، فكان بعضهم يقول: زينة الثياب الظاهرة.ذكر من قال ذلك: حدثنا ابن حميد، قال: ثنا هارون بن المغيرة، عن الحجاج، عن أبي إسحاق، عن أبي الأحوص، عن ابن مسعود، قال: الزينة زينتان: فالظاهرة منها الثياب، وما خفي: الخَلْخَالان والقرطان والسواران…وقال آخرون: الظاهر من الزينة التي أبيح لها أن تبديه: الكحل، والخاتم، والسواران، والوجه.ذكر من قال ذلك: حدثنا أبو كريب، قال: ثنا مروان، قال: ثنا مسلم الملائي، عن سعيد بن جُبير، عن ابن عباس: (وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا) قال: الكحل والخاتم….حدثنا ابن بشار، قال: ثنا أبو عاصم، قال: ثنا سفيان، عن عبد الله بن مسلم بن هرمز، عن سعيد بن جُبير، في قوله: (وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا) قال: الوجه والكفّ….وقال آخرون: عنى به الوجه والثياب.*ذكر من قال ذلك: حدثنا ابن عبد الأعلى، قال: ثنا المعتمر، قال: قال يونس (وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا) قال الحسن: الوجه والثياب.(جامع البيان للطبري، ج ١٠، ١١٧-١١٩، دار الفكر)
[21] الثَّالِثَةُ- أَمَرَ اللَّهُ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى النِّسَاءَ بِأَلَّا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ لِلنَّاظِرِينَ، إِلَّا مَا اسْتَثْنَاهُ مِنَ النَّاظِرِينَ فِي بَاقِي الْآيَةِ حِذَارًا مِنْ الِافْتِتَانِ، ثُمَّ اسْتَثْنَى، مَا يَظْهَرُ مِنَ الزِّينَةِ، وَاخْتَلَفَ النَّاسُ فِي قَدْرِ ذَلِكَ، فَقَالَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ: ظَاهِرُ الزِّينَةِ هُوَ الثِّيَابُ. وَزَادَ ابْنُ جُبَيْرٍ الْوَجْهُ. وَقَالَ سَعِيدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرٍ أَيْضًا وَعَطَاءٌ وَالْأَوْزَاعِيُّ: الْوَجْهُ وَالْكَفَّانِ وَالثِّيَابُ. وَقَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَقَتَادَةُ وَالْمِسْوَرُ بْنُ مَخْرَمَةَ: ظَاهِرُ الزِّينَةِ هُوَ الْكُحْلُ وَالسِّوَارُ وَالْخِضَابُ إِلَى نِصْفِ الذِّرَاعِ «1» وَالْقِرَطَةُ وَالْفَتَخُ «2»، وَنَحْوُ هَذَا فَمُبَاحٌ أَنْ تُبْدِيَهُ الْمَرْأَةُ لِكُلِّ مَنْ دَخَلَ عَلَيْهَا مِنَ النَّاسِ.(الجامع لأحكام القرآن للقرطبي، ج ٦، ص ٥١٨، دار الحديث)
[22] وَقَالَ (4) : {وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا} أَيْ: لَا يُظهرْنَ شَيْئًا مِنَ الزِّينَةِ لِلْأَجَانِبِ، إِلَّا مَا لَا يُمْكِنُ إِخْفَاؤُهُ.وَقَالَ ابْنُ مَسْعُودٍ: كَالرِّدَاءِ وَالثِّيَابِ. يَعْنِي: عَلَى مَا كَانَ يَتَعَانَاهُ نِسَاءُ الْعَرَبِ، مِنَ المِقْنعة الَّتِي تُجَلِّل ثِيَابَهَا، وَمَا يَبْدُو مِنْ أَسَافِلِ الثِّيَابِ فَلَا حَرَجَ عَلَيْهَا فِيهِ؛ لِأَنَّ هَذَا لَا يُمْكِنُ إِخْفَاؤُهُ. وَنَظِيرُهُ فِي زِيِّ النِّسَاءِ مَا يَظْهَرُ مِنْ إِزَارِهَا، وَمَا لَا يُمْكِنُ إِخْفَاؤُهُ. وَقَالَ بِقَوْلِ ابْنِ مَسْعُودٍ: الْحَسَنُ، وَابْنُ سِيرِينَ، وَأَبُو الْجَوْزَاءِ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ النَّخَعي، وَغَيْرُهُمْ. وَقَالَ الْأَعْمَشِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَير، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ: {وَلا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا} قَالَ: وَجْهُهَا وَكَفَّيْهَا وَالْخَاتَمُ(تفسير ابن كثير، ج ٣، ص ٣٤٨، دار الحديث)
[23] Ahkām al-Qurān by Mufti Muhammad Shafī’ ‘Uthmanī, vol. 3, pg. 426, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah
[24] Al-Jāmi’ li Ahkām al-Qurān of Imam al-Qurtubī, vol. 7, pg. 519, Darul Hadīth
[25] وأما الدرجة الثالثة: اأني خروجهن مستورة الأبدان من الرأس إلي القدم مع كشف الوجه والكفين بشرط الأمن من الفتنة…فاختلف فيه كلمات القوم، منهم من رخص فيها بشرط الأمن من الفتنة، و منهم من لم يرخص فيها إلا عند الاضطرار(أحكام القرآن للمفتي محمد شفيع، ج ٣، ص ٤٦٠، إذارة القرآن و العلوم الإسلامية)
[26] Tafsīr al-Jalālayn, Surah an-Nūr, verse 31
[27] Ahkām al-Qurān by Mufti Muhammad Shafī’ ‘Uthmanī, vol. 3, pg. 467, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah
[28] Although the Hanafī position seems to have some room for discussion, in our times the final position holds to be the same as the other three schools of thought. For a detailed discussion on this matter, refer to the following link:http://www.deoband.org/2009/04/fiqh/miscellaneous/the-niqab-and-its-obligation-in-the-hanafi-madhhab/ For information regarding the position of the other three madhāhib, refer to:Ahkām al-Qurān by Mufti Muhammad Shafī’ ‘Uthmanī, vol. 3, pg. 460-467, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah Also see:Ma’ariful Quran, ” The Third Degree of Islamic Legal Hijab About Which Jurists Differ “, Surah al-Ahzab:53
[29] Ahkām al-Qurān by Mufti Muhammad Shafī’ ‘Uthmanī, vol. 3, pg. 469, Idarah al-Quran w’al-‘Ulūm al-Islamiyyah
[30] Sunan at-Tirmidhī, 990, The Book Janāiz (Funerals)

Etiquettes of Speech

30 Quranic Verses and Hadith on The Etiquettes of Speech

1. “And when the foolish address them (with bad words) they reply back with ‘Salamaa’ (peaceful words of gentleness).” (Qur’an, 25:63)

2. “If they pass by some vain speech or play, they pass by it with dignity.” (Qur’an, 25:72)

3. “And be moderate in your pace and lower your voice; indeed, the most disagreeable of sounds is the voice of donkeys… But of the people is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or an enlightening Book.” (Qur’an, 31:19-20)

4. The Prophet Muhammad ﷺ (peace be upon him) said: “He who gave up disputing while he is right, a palace of high rank in Paradise will be built for him. He who gave up disputing while he is a fabricator, a palace in the center of Paradise will be built for him.” (al-Tirmidhi who declared it as hasan)

5. “There are no people who went astray after having been guided except for indulging in disputation.” (al-Tirmidhi)

6. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ repeated three times, “Those who search deeply for confusing questions have perished.” (Muslim)

7. “Do not dispute with your brother, ridicule him, nor promise him and then break your promise.” (al-Tirmidhi)

8. Bilal ibn Sa’d radiAllahu `anhu (ra) said, “If you see a disputing, arrogant, and bigoted person, bear in mind that they are utterly lost.”

9. Luqman `alayhi assalam (as) said to his son, “O son! Do not dispute with the knowledgeable lest they detest you.”

10. `Umar (ra) said, “Do not learn knowledge for three things and do not leave it for three things. Do not learn it to dispute over it, to show off with it, or to boast about it. Do not leave seeking it out of shyness, dislike for it, or contending with ignorance in its stead.”

11. It was narrated that Abu Hanifa said to Dawud al-Taa’i, “Why do you prefer seclusion?” Dawud replied, “To struggle against myself to leave disputing.” Abu Hanifah said, “Attend meetings, listen to what is said, and remain silent.” Dawud said, “I have done so, but I have found nothing heavier than this.”

12. `A’ishah (ra) narrated that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said, “The most hated person with Allah is the most quarrelsome person.” (al-Bukhari)

13. Ibn Qutaybah said that his disputant said to him, “What is the matter with you?” He replied to him, “I will not dispute with you.” The disputant then said, “Thus you have come to know that I am right.” Ibn Qutaybah responded, “No, but I respect myself more than that.” At this the disputant retracted and said, “And I will not claim a thing that is not my right.”

14. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “The one initiating abuse incurs the sin of abusing as long as the other did not return it.” (Muslim)

15. “The believer does not curse.” (al-Tirmidhi who declared it hasan)

16. “The believer does not defame, abuse, disparage, nor vilify.” (al-Tirmidhi, sahih)

17. “Do not invoke Allah’s curse, His anger, or Hellfire.” (al-Tirmidhi who declared it hasan sahih)

18. “Men accustomed to cursing will not be intercessors or witnesses on the Day of Resurrection.” (Muslim)

19. Abdullah ibn ‘Amr (ra) narrated, “I asked the Messenger of Allah ﷺ about what saves me from Allah’s wrath, and he said, “Do not become angry.” (al-Tabarani and Ibn Abdul Barr) Ibn `Umar, Ibn Mas’ud, and Abu Darda’ (ra) relate similar conversations on their own behalf.

20. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “He who is victorious over his passion at the time of anger is the strongest among you. He who forgives having the power to release (his anger and take revenge) is the most patient among you.” (a-Baihaqi in Shu’ab al-Imaan)

21. Abu Hurairah (ra) narrated, “The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘The strong person is not he who has physical strength but the person is strong if he can control his anger.” (al-Bukhari and Muslim)

22. `Umar ibn Abdul Aziz wrote to one of his governors and said, “Do not punish at the time of anger. If you are angry with any man, keep him in detention. When your anger is appeased punish him in proportion to his crime.”

23. ‘Ali ibn Zaid mentioned, “A man of the Quraysh spoke harshly to the Caliph `Umar Ibn ‘Abdul ‘Aziz who remained silent for a long time and then said, “You wish that the devil rouses in me the pride of the Caliphate and I treat you so rudely that you can take revenge tomorrow (in the Afterlife) on me.”

24. Ibn ‘Abbas (ra) narrated, the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “And when you get angry, keep silent.” (Ahmad, Ibn Abi Dunya, al-Tabarani, and al-Bayhaqi)

25. The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, “Anger is a burning coal. It burns in the heart.” (al-Tirmidhi and al-Bayhaqi)

26. “When anyone of you gets angry, let him perform ablution because anger arises from fire.” (Abu Dawud)

27. “Nobody swallows a more bitter pill than that of anger—seeking the satisfaction of Allah.” (Ibn Majah)

28. `Umar (ra) said, “He who fears Allah cannot give an outlet to his anger (by sinning). He who fears Allah cannot do what he likes.”

29. A nomad said to the Messenger of Allah ﷺ “Advise me.” And he ﷺ said, “If a man defamed you with what he knows about you, do not defame him with what you know about him. For the sin is against him.” The nomad said, “I never abused any person after that.”

30. Al-Hasan (ra) said, “He that did not safeguard his tongue did not understand his religion.”

Written by Kashif Hussain

The Importance of Making Zikr and Acquiring Correct Deeni Knowledge

Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) once mentioned:

Those who join the work of Tableegh, I instruct them to engage in zikr and recite the third kalimah. They should also be punctual on reciting the Tasbeeh-e-Faatimi after their fardh salaah and on reciting durood shareef and istighfaar one hundred times in the morning and evening. Together with this, they should be punctual on the recitation of the Qur’aan Majeed daily with the correct pronunciation and tajweed.

Apart from performing other nafl salaahs, I also emphasize upon them the importance of performing the tahajjud salaah. I encourage them to associate with the learned Ulamaa and benefit from them, as acquiring ilm is extremely important. If one suffices on acquiring deeni knowledge but is not concerned about zikr (the remembrance of Allah Ta‘ala which aids one to remain pure and assists him in fulfilling the dictates of the knowledge and applying it correctly in all departments of his life), one will find darkness in his heart, and if one suffices on zikr without acquiring the correct deeni knowledge and application, this may cause him to fall into many fitnahs.

(Malfoozaat Hazrat Moulana Muhammad Ilyaas (rahmatullahi ‘alaih) pg. 40-41)

Source : ihyaauddeen.co.za

QUR’AANS MESSAGE

QUR’AANS MESSAGE FOR THE CARTEL OF MUNAAFIQ BOOTLICKER OF THE ATHEISTS:
“Say (O Muhammad): ‘O you kaafiroon! I do not worship that (atheists and idols) which you worship. And you do not worship what I worship. And I do not (and shall not) worship what you worship. For you is your religion (of atheism to bootlick), and for me is my (glittering) Deen.’ ” (Surah Kaafiroon)
“No person will die except at the appointed time with the permission of Allah.” (Qur’aan)

“Whatever calamity befalls you, is on account of what your hands have wrought. And He forgives in abundance (your transgressions).” (Qur’aan)

This pandemic of satanic fear has sifted out the people of nifaaq and kufr from the People of Imaan. While the people of Imaan follow the Qur’aan and Sunnah, the cartel of bootlicking munaafiqeen follow the kufr theories of the atheists.

These minaafiqeen bootlickers satanically use Qur’aan and hadith to “prove” veracity for the Satanism of the atheists. They grovel in the gutters to find Hadith proof for the kufr ideologies of the atheists.

The camel has to be tied only within the fetters of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Beyond these limits is kufr.

“These are the limits of Allah. Whoever transgresses these limits verily he has oppressed his own soul.”
(Qur’aan)

Turn the pages of history to see and understand how our Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the Sahabah had tied the camel in the plague of Madinah and in the plague of Amwaas.

The plague moves, assaults and kills by Allah’s Command. No one can flee from Maut. While the ideology of the atheists advocates flight from the sick who are in need, Islam commands visiting and aiding the sick – not abandoning them as the theories of the Satanists demand. Cowardice is integral to kufr and nifaaq, hence they abandon even their aged parents believing that maintaining a distance will save them from Maut.

The Munaafiqeen should search for themselves another religion and cease masquerading as Muslims. There is no space in Islam for these bootlicking munaafiqeen. These munaafiqeen are the slaves of the atheists who wallow in janaabat and kufr. They follow and lick these atheists right into the “lizard’s hole”, while the Mu’mineen follow the pure and holy ta’leem of the Qur’aan and Sunnah besides which there is no other directive for us. Our Pathway is bright and glittering, leading to Jannat whereas there is nothing but darkness and Divine Wrath for the Munaafiqeen who cherish an inveterate aversion for Salaat, for the Musaajid and for Islam. Like Iblees, they abhor Sujood. Iblees is their guide in abstention from Salaat and the Musjid. Our Abodes of Rahmat are the Musaajid, while the abodes of La’nat for the Munaafiqeen are the malls of the atheists whose boots they lick night and day. The La’nat of Allah and His Malaaikah are on them.

Increase Istighfaar, Durood Shareef and Kalimah Tayyibah. Keep the focus on Allah Ta’ala.

May Allah Ta’ala take us from this dunya with our Imaan intact. Aameen!

15 Zil Qa’dh 1441 – 7 July 2020