About inheritance, the Qur’an states:
لِلذَّكَرِ مِثْلُ حَظِّ ٱلْأُنثَيَيْنِ
“A son should receive the equivalent share of two daughters.” [Qur’an 4:11].
These shares are divided based on ‘responsibility’, not based on gender…
1- DOWRY (مهر)
Imam Ibn al-Mundhir said:
وأجمعوا: أنَّ للمرأة أن تَمْنَع من دخول الزَّوج عليها حتى يُعطِيَها مهرها
“All scholars agree that a wife can prevent her husband from cohabitating with her until he pays her dowry.”
Imagine this scenario:
A man has 1 son and 1 daughter.
The man dies, the inheritance is split, and $15,000 is left to be split between his children.
The son gets: $10,000 & The daughter gets: $5,000.
Soon, the son marries, and gives: $5,000 dowry…
Then the daughter marries, and gets: $5,000 dowry…
The son is now left with: $5,000.
The daughter now has: $10,000.
Who is better off?
2- SUSTENANCE (النفقة)
Imam Ibn Rushd said:
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