40 Hadith for Pandemics

40 Hadith on Trials, Pandemics and Plagues with Prophetic advice on how to deal with them

Bismillah al-Rahmān al-Rahīm

O Allāh!

Nothing is easy,

 Save what You make so,

And should You wish,

You can make all hardships go.

Rabbana! You are deserving of all thanks, praise and exaltation. O Allāh we thank you for the good that You bestow upon us. We are grateful to You for the favour of guidance, the blessing of good health, and the miracle of life. Glory and dominion are Yours alone. Power and sovereignty are none but Yours. We bear witness that you are the:

“Forgiver of sins and the Accepter of repentance, severe in punishment, infinite in bounty. There is no god but Him; to Him is the ultimate return.”[1]

I testify that You alone are deserving and worthy of worship, and I send salāh and salām upon the best teacher of all, Allāh’s mercy to mankind—the Messenger Muḥammad—and upon his family, his household, his noble companions, and anyone who followers their faith until the Final Day.

This is a short compilation containing 40 prophetic reports, as was the norm among Muslim scholars across the ages. I decided to compile it after seeing the effects that the coronavirus is having on the world—we pray to Allāh that He lifts this affliction from the face of the earth. I divided it into nine chapters, each covering a basic theme, though inevitably, as the reader shall notice, there are some which overlap. The chapters are: on plagues and trials, along with an encouragement to be patient and to anticipate Allāh’s reward; on being prepared and taking precautionary measures; on supplications; on solitude and self-isolation; on upholding people’s rights; on communal behaviour and good conduct; a counsel concerning the rights of spouses, children and maintaining a congenial environment at home; on martyrdom and harbouring good thoughts about Allāh, and, finally, a chapter containing a comprehensive hadith.

I ask Allāh to make this work sincerely for Him and in desire of His pleasure. I would also like to thank all those who assisted or encouraged, and specifically I would like to thank the ‘Allama, Shaykh ‘Abdullah al-Judai‘, may Allāh extend his life in good health and righteous deeds, and also thank my friend Ibrahim al-Tamimy. May Allāh reward everyone abundantly.

All praise and thanks to Allāh.

Chapter one: On plagues and trials, along with an encouragement to be patient and to anticipate Allāh’s reward

  1.  ‘Ā’isha, Mother of the Believers, said:

سَأَلْتُ رَسولَ اللَّهِ ﷺ عَنِ الطّاعُونِ، فأخْبَرَنِي أنَّه عَذابٌ يَبْعَثُهُ اللَّهُ على مَن يَشاءُ، وأنَّ اللَّهَ جَعَلَهُ رَحْمَةً لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ، ليسَ مِن أحَدٍ يَقَعُ الطّاعُونُ، فَيَمْكُثُ في بَلَدِهِ صابِرًا مُحْتَسِبًا، يَعْلَمُ أنَّه لا يُصِيبُهُ إلّا ما كَتَبَ اللَّهُ له، إلّا كانَ له مِثْلُ أجْرِ شَهِيدٍ

I asked the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) about plagues and he said, “They are a punishment which Allāh sends upon whomsoever He wills, but Allāh has made it a mercy to the believers. Anyone who remains in a town which is plagued with an epidemic, remaining patient and anticipating Allāh’s reward, while firmly believing that nothing will befall him other than what Allāh has preordained for him, then he will receive a reward of a martyr.” [2]

  1.  Suhaib al-Rūmī reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

عَجَبًا لأَمْرِ المُؤْمِنِ، إنَّ أمْرَهُ كُلَّهُ خَيْرٌ، وليسَ ذاكَ لأَحَدٍ إلّا لِلْمُؤْمِنِ: إنْ أصابَتْهُ سَرّاءُ شَكَرَ، فَكانَ خَيْرًا له، وإنْ أصابَتْهُ ضَرّاءُ، صَبَرَ فَكانَ خَيْرًا له

“How wonderful is the situation of a believer! there is good for him in everything and this applies only to a believer. If prosperity befalls him and he expresses gratitude to Allāh, then it will be for his good; and if adversity befalls him and he endures it patiently, it will also be for his good.”[3]

  1.  Anas b. Mālik reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

إنَّ عِظَمَ الجزاءِ مع عِظَمِ البلاءِ؛ وإنَّ اللهَ تعالى إذا أحبَّ قومًا ابتلاهم، فمن رضيَ فله الرِّضى، ومن سخِط فله السُّخطُ

“The magnitude of the reward is proportionate to the severity of the trial. When Allāh loves a people, He tests them. Whoever accepts that shall be pleased, but whoever is discontent shall be devastated.”[4]

  1.  Abū Huraira reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

ما يُصِيبُ المُسْلِمَ، مِن نَصَبٍ ولا وصَبٍ، ولا هَمٍّ ولا حُزْنٍ ولا أذًى ولا غَمٍّ، حتّى الشَّوْكَةِ يُشاكُها، إلّا كَفَّرَ اللَّهُ بها مِن خَطاياهُ

“Never is a believer afflicted with discomfort, illness, anxiety, grief or mental anguish, or even something as trivial as the pricking of a thorn, except that Allāh will expiate his sins on account of his patience.”[5]

  1.  Abū Mūsā al-Ash’ari reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

إذا مَرِضَ العَبْدُ، أوْ سافَرَ، كُتِبَ له مِثْلُ ما كانَ يَعْمَلُ مُقِيمًا صَحِيحًا

“When a slave of Allāh suffers from illness or goes on a journey, he is credited with an equal reward of whatever good works he used to do when he was healthy or at home.”[6]

Chapter two: On being prepared and taking precautionary measures

  1.  Usāma b. Zaid said the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

إذا سَمِعْتُمْ بالطّاعُونِ بأَرْضٍ فلا تَدْخُلُوها، وإذا وقَعَ بأَرْضٍ وأَنْتُمْ بها فلا تَخْرُجُوا مِنْها

“If you hear of a plague in a land do not enter it; and if it breaks out in the land where you stay, do not leave.”[7]

  1.  Usāma b. Sharīk narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

تداوَوْا عبادَ اللهِ فإنَّ اللهَ لَمْ يضَعْ داءً إلّا وضَع له دواءً

“Servants of Allāh! Make use of medical treatment, for Allāh has not made any disease without creating a cure for it.”[8]

  1.  Abū Huraira narrated that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

لا عَدْوى ولا طِيَرَةَ، ولا هامَةَ ولا صَفَرَ، وفِرَّ مِنَ المَجْذُومِ كما تَفِرُّ مِنَ الأسَدِ

“There is no unbidden contagion, no evil omen, no death bird (hama), no tape-worm (safar), and one should keep away from a leper as one keeps away from a lion.”[9]

  1.  Abū Huraira narrated that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

لا يُورِدَنَّ مُمْرِضٌ على مُصِحٍّ

“Do not quarantine the healthy with the infected.”[10]

  1.  Abū Mālik al-Ash’ari reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

الطُّهورُ شَطرُ الإيمانِ

“Being clean and pure is half of faith.”[11]

  1.  Mu’ādh b. Jabal said that th Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

الصدقةُ تُطفِئُ الخطيئةَ

“Charity wipes away sins.”[12]

Chapter three: On supplications

  1.  Salmān narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

لا يردُّ القضاءَ إلا الدعاءُ

“Nothing revises the Decree of Allāh except supplication.”[13]

  1.  ‘Uqba b. ‘Āmir said:

The Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said to me: ‘Say.’ I said: ‘What should I say?’ He then recited Sūrat al-Ikhlās, Sūrat al-Falaq and Sūrat al-Nās, and then he said:

لم يتعوَّذِ النّاسُ بمثلِهنَّ أو لا يتعوَّذُ النّاسُ بمثلِهنَّ

‘People have never sought refuge in Allāh with anything like this,’ or ‘the people have never sought refuge with Allāh by anything greater than this.’[14]

  1.  Abū Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said,

مَن قال حينَ يُصْبِحُ وحينَ يُمْسي أعوذُ بكلماتِ اللهِ التّامّاتِ مِن شرِّ ما خلَق لم يضُرَّه شيءٌ

“Whoever recites every morning and evening this supplication: ’A’ūdhu bi-kalimāt illāhi al-tāmāti min sharri mā khalaq: I seek refuge in Allāh’s perfect speech from any evil that exists’, shall not be harmed by anything”[15]

  1.  ‘Uthmān b. ‘Affān reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

مَن قالَ بسمِ اللَّهِ الَّذي لا يضرُّ معَ اسمِهِ شيءٌ، في الأرضِ، ولا في السَّماءِ، وَهوَ السَّميعُ العليمُ، ثلاثَ مرّاتٍ، لم تُصبهُ فَجأةُ بلاءٍ، حتّى يُصْبِحَ، ومَن قالَها حينَ يصبحُ ثلاثُ مرّاتٍ، لم تُصبهُ فجأةُ بلاءٍ حتّى يُمْسي

“Whoever recites three times in the morning and three times in the evening: ‘Bismillāhi al-ladhī lā yadurru ma’as-mihi shai’un fī al-ardi wa lā fi al-samā’i, wa huwa al-Samī’ al-‘Alīm (In the Name of Allāh with whose name there is protection against every kind of harm on earth or in heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing),’ nothing shall harm him.”[16]

  1.  Anas b. Mālik narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) used to say:

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنَ الْبَرَصِ، وَالْجُنُونِ، وَالْجُذَامِ، وَمِنْ سَيِّئِ الأَسْقَامِ

Allāhumma innī a’ūdhu bika min al-bars, wa al-junūn, wa al-judhām, wa min sayyi` al-asqām: O Allāh, I seek refuge in You from leprosy, madness, communicable disease, and evil diseases.”[17]

  1.  On the authority of ‘Ā’isha, Mother of the Believers:

أن النبي ﷺ كان يُعَوِّذُ بِهَذِهِ الكَلِماتِ: اللهمَّ رَبَّ الناسِ أَذْهِبْ الباسَ، واشْفِ وأنتَ الشّافي، لا شِفاءَ إِلّا شِفاؤُكَ شِفاءً لا يُغادِرُ سَقَمًا. فلمّا ثَقُلَ في مَرَضِهِ الذي ماتَ فيهِ أخذْتُ بيدِهِ فجعلْتُ أَمْسَحُهُ بِها وأَقُولُها فنزعَ يَدَهُ من يَدِي وقال: اللهمَّ اغفرْ لي وأَلْحِقْنِي بِالرَّفيقِ الأعلى. قالتْ: فكانَ هذا آخَرَ ما سَمِعْتُ من كَلامِهِ

“The Prophet (ﷺ) used to recite the following prayer upon those who were unwell: ‘Allāhumma rabbi al-nās adhhib al-ba’s, washfi Anta al-Shafi, lā shifā’a illā shifā’uka, shifā’an lā yughādiru saqama: O Allāh, Lord of all humans, take away the affliction and grant healing, for You are the Healer, there is no heal but yours—grant us a cure that leaves no trace of sickness.’

“When the Prophet (ﷺ) fell sick at the end of his life, I took his hand and wiped it over his body and recited these words. He withdrew his hand from mine and said: ‘O Allāh, forgive me and give me the best company,’ and those were his last words.”[18]

Chapter four: On solitude and self-isolation

  1.  ‘Uqba b. ‘Āmir said:

سألتُ: يا رسول الله ﷺ ما النَّجاةُ؟ قال: أمسِكْ عليكَ لسانَكَ، وليسعْكَ بيتُك، وابكِ على خطيئتِكَ

I asked the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ), “How can salvation be achieved?” He replied, “Control your words, keep to your home, and weep over your sins.”[19]

Chapter five: On upholding people’s rights

  1.  ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Umar reported that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

كلُّكم راعٍ، وكلُّكم مسؤولٌ عن رعيَّتِه، فالإمامُ راعٍ، وهو مسؤولٌ عن رعيَّتِه، والرجلُ راعٍ في أهلِه، وهو مسؤولٌ عن رعيّتِه، والمرأةُ راعيةٌ في بيتِ زوجِها، وهي مسؤولةٌ عن رعيَّتِها

“All of you are guardians and are responsible for your duties. The ruler is responsible for his subjects, the man is in charge of his family, the woman is responsible for her husband’s house and their children. All of you are guardians and are accountable for your responsibilities.”[20]

  1.  Abū Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

عَلَيْكَ السَّمْعَ والطّاعَةَ في عُسْرِكَ ويُسْرِكَ، ومَنْشَطِكَ ومَكْرَهِكَ، وأَثَرَةٍ عَلَيْكَ

“It is obligatory upon you to listen to and obey the authorities during prosperity and adversity; whether you are willing or unwilling, even when someone is given undue privileges over you.”[21]

  1.  Anas b. Mālik reported that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

أَنْتُمْ أَعْلَمُ بأَمْرِ دُنْياكُمْ

“You have better knowledge and expertise in the material affairs of the world.”[22]

  1.  It was narrated from ‘Amr b. al-‘Ās that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

مَنْ تَطَبَّبَ وَلَمْ يُعْلَمْ مِنْهُ طِبٌّ قَبْلَ ذَلِكَ فَهُوَ ضَامِنٌ

“Whoever practices medical treatment when he is not known or qualified for it, will be held liable.”[23]

  1.  Ma’mar b. ‘Abd Allāh reported Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying:

لا يَحْتَكِرُ إلّا خاطِئٌ

“No-one hoards except for the crook.”[24]

Chapter six: On communal behaviour and good conduct

  1.  ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Amr narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

الرّاحمونَ يرحمُهم الرحمنُ، ارحمُوا أهلَ الأرضِ يرحمْكم مَن في السماءِ

“The merciful are shown mercy by al-Rahmān. Be merciful to all inhabitants of the earth, and you will be shown mercy from the One above the heavens.”[25]

  1.  On the authority of Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh, the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

كلُّ مَعروفٍ صَدقةٌ

“Every act of goodness is considered an act of charity.”[26]

  1.  On the authority of Abū Shuraiḥ al-Khuzā’ī that the Prophet (ﷺ) observed:

مَن كانَ يُؤْمِنُ باللَّهِ والْيَومِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُحْسِنْ إلى جارِهِ؛ ومَن كانَ يُؤْمِنُ باللَّهِ والْيَومِ الآخِرِ فَلْيُكْرِمْ ضَيْفَهُ؛ ومَن كانَ يُؤْمِنُ باللَّهِ والْيَومِ الآخِرِ فَلْيَقُلْ خَيْرًا، أوْ لِيَسْكُتْ

“Whoever believes in Allāh and the Last Day should do good to his neighbour. Whoever believes in Allāh and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guests, and whoever who believes in Allāh and the Last Day should either convey goodness or remain silent.”[27]

  1.  Abū Mūsā al-Ash’ari narrates that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

يَسِّرا ولا تُعَسِّرا، وبَشِّرا ولا تُنَفِّرا، وتَطاوَعا ولا تَخْتَلِفا

“Show leniency to others and do not be severe nor harsh. Give people good news and never be repugnant. Work together and do not be divided.”[28]

  1.  On the authority of ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās, that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

إنَّ اللهَ يُحِبُّ أنْ تؤتى رُخصُه كما يُحِبُّ أنْ تؤتى عزائمُه

“Allāh loves that His concessions are used, in the same way He likes His commandments to be upheld.”[29]

  1.  Anas b. Mālik reports that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

لا يُؤْمِنُ أحَدُكُمْ حتّى يُحِبَّ لأخِيهِ ما يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ

“None of you becomes a true believer until he likes for his brother what he likes for himself.”[30]

  1.  Nu’mān b. Bashīr reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

مَثَلُ المُؤْمِنِينَ في تَوادِّهِمْ، وتَراحُمِهِمْ، وتَعاطُفِهِمْ مَثَلُ الجَسَدِ إذا اشْتَكى منه عُضْوٌ تَداعى له سائِرُ الجَسَدِ بالسَّهَرِ والْحُمّى

“The believers—in their mutual kindness, compassion and sympathy—are like one single body. When one of the limbs suffers, the whole body responds with restlessness and fever.”[31]

  1.  ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Umar reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

مَن كانَ في حَاجَةِ أخِيهِ كانَ اللَّهُ في حَاجَتِهِ؛ ومَن فَرَّجَ عن مُسْلِمٍ كُرْبَةً، فَرَّجَ اللَّهُ عنْه كُرْبَةً مِن كُرُبَاتِ يَومِ القِيَامَةِ؛ ومَن سَتَرَ مُسْلِمًا سَتَرَهُ اللَّهُ يَومَ القِيَامَةِ

“Whoever fulfils the needs of his brother, Allāh will fulfil his needs; whoever removes the troubles of his brother, Allāh will remove some of his troubles on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever conceals the shortcomings of a Muslim, Allāh will conceal his shortcomings on the Day of Resurrection.”[32]

  1.  On the authority of Jābir b. ‘Abd Allāh, the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

خَيْرُ النَاسِ أَنْفَعُهُمْ لِلنَاس

“The best person is the one most useful to others.”[33]

  1.  Abū Sa’id narrated that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

من لم يشْكُرِ الناسَ لم يشْكُرِ اللهَ

“Whoever doesn’t express thanks to people, has not shown gratitude to Allāh.”[34]

Chapter seven: A counsel concerning the rights of spouses, children and maintaining a congenial environment at home

  1.  Abū Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

أكملُ المؤمنينَ إيمانًا أحسَنُهم خُلقًا، وخيارُكم خيارُكم لنسائِهم

“The believers who show the most perfect faith are those who have the best conduct, and the best of you are those who are the best to their wives.”[35]

  1.  Anas b. Mālik said:

ما رَأَيْتُ أَحَدًا كانَ أَرْحَمَ بالعِيَالِ مِن رَسولِ اللهِ ﷺ

“I have never seen anyone more kind to one’s family and children than Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ).”[36]

  1.  Al-Aswad said:

سَأَلْتُ عَائِشَةَ ما كانَ النبيُّ ﷺ يَصْنَعُ في بَيْتِهِ؟ قالَتْ: كانَ يَكونُ في مِهْنَةِ أهْلِهِ – تَعْنِي خِدْمَةَ أهْلِهِ

I asked ‘Ā’isha, ‘What would the Prophet (ﷺ) do at home?’ She replied: “He used to keep himself busy helping and serving his family.”[37]

Chapter eight: On martyrdom and maintaining good thoughts about Allāh

  1.  Abū Huraira narrated that Allāh’s Messenger (ﷺ) said:

قَالَ اللهُ تَعَالَى: أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّ عَبْدِي بِي

“Allāh said, ‘I am how my slave perceives me’”[38]

  1.  Abū Huraira reported that the Messenger of Allāh (ﷺ) said:

منْ ماتَ في الطَّاعُون فَهُو شَهيدٌ

“Whoever dies of a plague is considered a martyr.”[39]

  1.  Abū Mūsā al-Ash’ari narrated that the Prophet (ﷺ) said:

مَن أَحَبَّ لِقاءَ اللهِ، أَحَبَّ اللَّهُ لِقاءَهُ، وَمَن كَرِهَ لِقاءَ اللهِ، كَرِهَ اللَّهُ لِقاءَهُ

“Whoever loves to meet with Allāh, Allāh loves to meet with him; and whoever hates to meet with Allāh, Allāh hates to meet with him.”[40]

Chapter nine: A concluding chapter containing a comprehensive hadith

  1.  On the authority of ‘Abd Allāh b. ‘Abbās who said:

كنتُ خلفَ رسولِ اللهِ ﷺ يومًا فقال: يا غلامُ، إني أعلِّمُك كلماتٍ: احفَظِ اللهَ يحفَظْك، احفَظِ اللهَ تجِدْه تُجاهَك؛ إذا سألتَ فاسألِ اللهَ، وإذا استعنْتَ فاستعِنْ باللهِ؛ واعلمْ أنَّ الأمةَ لو اجتمعتْ على أن ينفعوك بشيءٍ، لم ينفعوك إلا بشيءٍ قد كتبه اللهُ لك، وإنِ اجتمعوا على أن يضُرُّوك بشيءٍ لم يضُروك إلا بشيءٍ قد كتبه اللهُ عليك؛ رُفِعَتِ الأقلامُ وجَفَّتِ الصُّحُفَ

One day I was behind the Prophet (ﷺ) riding on the same mount and he said, “Young man, I shall give you some words of advice: Be mindful of Allāh and Allāh will protect you. Be mindful of Allāh and you will find Him before you. If you ask, then ask Allāh alone; and if you seek help, then seek help from Allāh alone. Know that if the entire world comes together to benefit you in any way, they would not be able to do so except with what Allāh has already prescribed for you; and if they were to come together to harm you in any way, they would not be able to do so except with what Allāh has already prescribed against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”[41]

Source: www.islam21c.com


The Arabic version of this work was completed in London on 5 Sha’ban 1441, corresponding to 28 March 2020, this English version was completed the following day. All thanks and praise are due to Allāh.

[1] Surat Ghāfir, 40:3

[2] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhāri: 3474

[3] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2999

[4] HasanJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 2396

[5] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 5641; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2572

[6] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 2996

[7] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 5728; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2218

[8] Authentic. Ṣaḥīḥ Ibn Hibbān: 6061, with similarly-worded reports in the other sunan collections

[9] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 5707

[10] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 5771; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2221

[11] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 223

[12] ṢaḥīḥJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 2616, and elsewhere

[13] HasanJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 2139

[14] ṢaḥīḥSunan al-Nasā’ī: 5446

[15] Ṣaḥīḥ. al-Ṭabarānī, al-Mu’jam al-Awsaṭ: 523; with similarly-worded reports in Jāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 3966 and other collections

[16]  ṢaḥīḥSunan Abī Dawūd: 5088; Jāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 3388, and other collections

[17] HasanSunan Abī Dawūd: 1554, and other collections

[18] ṢaḥīḥMusannaf Ibn Abī Shaybah: 23917; it is found in Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 5743 with more concise wording

[19] Hasan. Jāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 2406; similarly-worded reports are found in Musnad Aḥmad and in al-Ṭabarānī’s al-Mu’jam al-Kabīr

[20] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 893; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 1829

[21] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 1836

[22] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2363

[23] HasanSunan al-Nisā’ī: 7039; a similarly-worded report is found in Sunan Abī Dāwūd: 4586

[24] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 1605

[25] ṢaḥīḥSunan Abī Dawūd: 4941; a similarly-worded version is found in Jāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 1924

[26] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 6021

[27] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 6019; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 48, and this is the latter’s version

[28] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 3038; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 1733

[29] ṢaḥīḥṢaḥīḥ Ibn Hibban: 354

[30] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 13

[31] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 6011; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2586, and this is the latter’s version

[32] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 2442; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2580, and this is the former’s version

[33] Hasan. al-Ṭabarānī, al-Mu’jam al-Awsaṭ: 5787

[34] ṢaḥīḥJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 1955

[35] ṢaḥīḥJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 1126

[36] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2316

[37] Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 676

[38] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 7405; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2675

[39] Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 1915

[40] Agreed upon. Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: 6508; Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim: 2685

[41] ṢaḥīḥJāmi’ al-Tirmidhī: 2516



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