SALAAT BEHIND DEVIATES
Q. I have read in Aqeedatut Tahaawi and also in Mullah Ali Qaari’s commentary of Fiqhul Akbar that the Ahlus Sunnah perform Salaat behind a man even if he is a faajir (immoral). However, I do not perform Salaat behind these deviant Salafis in prison because Az-Zabeedi’ Al-Hanafi said that Salaat behind the Ahl-e-Hawa is Laa Ya jooz (not permissible).
Please explain the conflict between our Hanafi Scholars on this issue.
A. What you have read in Aqeedatut Tahaawi and Fiqhul Akbar is correct. That is the belief and practice of the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama’ah. It is the official position.
Regarding Az-Zabeedi’s statement, firstly, it does not say that Salaat behind the Ahle-Bid’ah is invalid. It says: ‘La tajooz’ which does not mean ‘invalid’. The statement says that one should not perform Salaat behind them. Secondly, his advice is in conflict with the Jamhoor Fuqaha of the Ahnaaf.. Thus, we do not make amal on the obscure and rare opinion. Whilst we do not intentionally seek out a Bid’ati to follow in Salaat, nevertheless if we are in a situation where the Imaam is from among the Ahl-e-Hawa (people of nafsaani desire/deviates), then we do not perform our Salaat alone. We join the Jamaat. In Musjdul Haraam in Makkah, and in Musjidun Nabawi in Madinah, the Imaams are generally Salafi. We join the Jamaat and perform Salaat behind them, and this is in accord with the Aqeedah stated in all our kutub of Aqeedah as you are aware. Thus, you may not utilize AzZabeedi’s version to cancel the clear-cut ruling of the Jamhoor Fuqaha of the Ahnaaf. Salafis (Wahhaabis) are astray, but they are Muslims. We perform Salaat even behind them. However, if a Salafi who makes masah on ordinary socks leads the Salaat, and if we are aware of it, then we repeat the Salaat we had performed behind him, not because we believe him to be a
kaafir, but because his wudhu is not valid.
Q. Salafis propagate that it is kufr to make ta’weel (to interpret) the allegorical Qur’aanic verses whereas according to the Ahlus Sunnah it is permissible and sometimes even necessary to resort to ta’weel. I find it difficult to appropriately interpret certain aayat.
A. You are not qualified to resort to Ta’weel. If you do not understand anything, seek guidance from the Ulama and do not distort any meaning with unqualified interpretation.
This can be dangerous for Imaan. Even the Muqallideen Ulama do not resort to Ta’weel. We merely narrate the Ta’weelaat (interpretations) of the senior Ulama of bygone times. The Arabic text which you have quoted in your question No.5, clearly instructs you to refer to the Ulama who understand these issues.
Q. I am a follower of the Shaafi’ Math-hab. However, for certain reasons I am inclining to the Hanafi Mathhab. Please offer some advice.
A. You will be justified to come over to the Hanafi Mathhab, only if you lack expert guidance in the Shaafi’ Mathhab of which you are a follower. You may adopt the Hanafi
Math-hab only for a genuine Deeni reason, not for any worldly reason. If it is to gain sound knowledge for the purpose of practising, then your adoption of the Hanafi Mathhab will be correct. In fact, Imaam Tahaawi too was at one stage a Shaafi’. Later he accepted the Hanafi Math-hab.
Q. Regarding Taqdeer, I have read that the Taqdeer which does not change is called Taqdeer Mubram (Conformed Taqdeer). But Taqdeer Muallaq (Impending Taqdeer) Can change with Dua. Could you expound these concepts?
A. Even Taqdeer Muallaq is an integral part of the allembracing, eternal Taqdeer of Allah Azza Wa Jal. The Mubram-Muallaq exposition is a weak attempt to logically explain what is inexplicable due to its eternal dimension. In other words, in eternity Allah Ta’ala has always been aware that a certain act a million years hence will be changed and substituted with another decree. Brother, this is an issue which should not be probed in depth. The more you probe it, the more intricate and difficult it becomes. Created minds cannever encompass the eternal meanings of eternal issues – issues related to the Zaat and Sifaat of Allah Ta’ala. You tread dangerous ground when you attempt to enter into this minefield. Neither can we explain such issues satisfactorily, nor will we understand these issues in entirety even after entering Jannat.
Q. Why are there so much difference among the Scholars on these issues of Aqeedah?
A. All the finer and subtle transcendental issues pertaining to Aqeedah, Allah’s Zaat and Sifaat – issues on which the Qur’aan, the Ahaadith and the Aathaar of the Sahaabah are silent, are products of the human mind. Thus, the opinions of the Scholars on such issues are essentially the products of their minds, not the products of Wahi. Differences are therefore natural and logical. Thus, the principle is always to find a reconciliation between the conflicting statements of the senior Scholars of the valid Mathhabs.
MAJLIS VOLUME 21 NUMBER 10